1Andrew, AS, Nelson, HH, Kelsey, KT, et al. (2006) Concordance of multiple analytical approaches demonstrates a complex relationship between DNA repair gene SNPs, smoking and bladder cancer susceptibility. Carcinogenesis 27, 1030–1037.
2Lin, J, Swan, GE, Shields, PG, et al. (2007) Mutagen sensitivity and genetic variants in nucleotide excision repair pathway: genotype–phenotype correlation. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 16, 2065–2071.
3Shen, M, Berndt, SI, Rothman, N, et al. (2005) Polymorphisms in the DNA nucleotide excision repair genes and lung cancer risk in Xuan Wei, China. Int J Cancer 116, 768–773.
4Lockett, KL, Snowhite, IV & Hu, JJ (2005) Nucleotide-excision repair and prostate cancer risk. Cancer Lett 220, 125–135.
5Friedberg, EC (2001) How nucleotide excision repair protects against cancer. Nat Rev Cancer 1, 22–33.
6Reardon, JT, Bessho, T, Kung, HC, et al. (1997) In vitro repair of oxidative DNA damage by human nucleotide excision repair system: possible explanation for neurodegeneration in xeroderma pigmentosum patients. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 94, 9463–9468.
7Kuraoka, I, Bender, C, Romieu, A, et al. (2000) Removal of oxygen free-radical-induced 5′,8-purine cyclodeoxynucleosides from DNA by the nucleotide excision-repair pathway in human cells. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 97, 3832–3837.
8Sancar, A, Lindsey-Boltz, LA, Unsal-Kaçmaz, K, et al. (2004) Molecular mechanisms of mammalian DNA repair and the DNA damage checkpoints. Annu Rev Biochem 73, 39–85.
9Sugasawa, K (2008) Xeroderma pigmentosum genes: functions inside and outside DNA repair. Carcinogenesis 29, 455–465.
10Bootsma, D, Kraemer, KH, Cleaver, JE, et al. (2002) . In The Genetic Basis of Human Cancer, vol. 2, pp. 211–237 [Vogelstein, B and Kinzler, KW, editors]. New York: McGraw-Hill.
11Zhu, Y, Yang, H, Chen, Q, et al. (2008) Modulation of DNA damage/DNA repair capacity by XPC polymorphisms. DNA Repair (Amst) 7, 141–148.
12Wu, X, Zhao, H, Wei, Q, et al. (2003) XPA polymorphism associated with reduced lung cancer risk and a modulating effect on nucleotide excision repair capacity. Carcinogenesis 24, 505–509.
13Dusinska, M, Dzupinkova, Z, Wsolova, L, et al. (2006) Possible involvement of XPA in repair of oxidative DNA damage deduced from analysis of damage, repair and genotype in a human population study. Mutagenesis 21, 205–211.
14Matullo, G, Palli, D, Peluso, M, et al. (2001) XRCC1, XRCC3, XPD gene polymorphisms, smoking and (32)P-DNA adducts in a sample of healthy subjects. Carcinogenesis 22, 1437–1445.
15Shen, J, Gammon, MD, Terry, MB, et al. (2005) Polymorphisms in XRCC1 modify the association between polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon–DNA adducts, cigarette smoking, dietary antioxidants, and breast cancer risk. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 14, 336–342.
16Cheng, J, Leng, S, Dai, Y, et al. (2007) Association between nucleotide excision repair gene polymorphisms and chromosomal damage in coke-oven workers. Biomarkers 12, 76–86.
17Mateuca, R, Aka, PV, De Boeck, M, et al. (2005) Influence of hOGG1, XRCC1 and XRCC3 genotypes on biomarkers of genotoxicity in workers exposed to cobalt or hard metal dusts. Toxicol Lett 156, 277–288.
18Mateuca, RA, Roelants, M, Iarmarcovai, G, et al. (2008) hOGG1(326), XRCC1(399) and XRCC3(241) polymorphisms influence micronucleus frequencies in human lymphocytes in vivo. Mutagenesis 23, 35–41.
19World Cancer Research Fund & American Institute for Cancer Research (1997) Food, Nutrition and the Prevention of Cancer: A Global Perspective. London: World Cancer Research Fund UK.
20Tyson, J & Mathers, JC (2007) Dietary and genetic modulation of DNA repair in healthy human adults. Proc Nutr Soc 66, 42–51.
21Collins, AR, Harrington, V, Drew, J, et al. (2003) Nutritional modulation of DNA repair in a human intervention study. Carcinogenesis 24, 511–515.
22Wei, Q, Shen, H, Wang, LE, et al. (2003) Association between low dietary folate intake and suboptimal cellular DNA repair capacity. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 12, 963–969.
23Tyson, J, Caple, F, Spiers, A, et al. (2009) Inter-individual variation in nucleotide excision repair in young adults: effects of age, adiposity, micronutrient supplementation and genotype. Br J Nutr 101, 1316–1323.
24Langie, SA, Knaapen, AM, Houben, JM, et al. (2007) The role of glutathione in the regulation of nucleotide excision repair during oxidative stress. Toxicol Lett 168, 302–309.
25Gungor, N, Godschalk, RW, Pachen, DM, et al. (2007) Activated neutrophils inhibit nucleotide excision repair in human pulmonary epithelial cells: role of myeloperoxidase. FASEB J 21, 2359–2367.
26Wilms, LC, Boots, AW, de Boer, VC, et al. (2007) Impact of multiple genetic polymorphisms on effects of a 4-week blueberry juice intervention on ex vivo induced lymphocytic DNA damage in human volunteers. Carcinogenesis 28, 1800–1806.
27Wilms, LC, Hollman, PC, Boots, AW, et al. (2005) Protection by quercetin and quercetin-rich fruit juice against induction of oxidative DNA damage and formation of BPDE–DNA adducts in human lymphocytes. Mutat Res 582, 155–162.
28Boyum, A (1976) Isolation of lymphocytes, granulocytes and macrophages. Scand J Immunol Suppl. 5, 9–15.
29Knaapen, AM, Ketelslegers, HB, Gottschalk, RW, et al. (2004) Simultaneous genotyping of nine polymorphisms in xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes by multiplex PCR amplification and single base extension. Clin Chem 50, 1664–1668.
30Langie, SA, Knaapen, AM, Brauers, KJ, et al. (2006) Development and validation of a modified comet assay to phenotypically assess nucleotide excision repair. Mutagenesis 21, 153–158.
31Ketelslegers, HB, Gottschalk, RW, Godschalk, RW, et al. (2006) Interindividual variations in DNA adduct levels assessed by analysis of multiple genetic polymorphisms in smokers. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 15, 624–629.
32van Gils, CH, Bostick, RM, Stern, MC, et al. (2002) Differences in base excision repair capacity may modulate the effect of dietary antioxidant intake on prostate cancer risk: an example of polymorphisms in the XRCC1 gene. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 11, 1279–1284.
33Misra, RR, Ratnasinghe, D, Tangrea, JA, et al. (2003) Polymorphisms in the DNA repair genes XPD, XRCC1, XRCC3, and APE/ref-1, and the risk of lung cancer among male smokers in Finland. Cancer Lett 191, 171–178.
34Møller, P & Loft, S (2004) Interventions with antioxidants and nutrients in relation to oxidative DNA damage and repair. Mutat Res 551, 79–89.
35Gaivão, I, Piasek, A, Brevik, A, et al. (2007) Comet assay-based methods for measuring DNA repair in vitro; estimates of inter- and intra-individual variation. Cell Biol Toxicol 25, 45–52.
36Collins, AR, Dusinska, M, Horvathova, E, et al. (2001) Inter-individual differences in repair of DNA base oxidation, measured in vitro with the comet assay. Mutagenesis 16, 297–301.
37Møller, P, Vogel, U, Pedersen, A, et al. (2003) No effect of 600 grams fruit and vegetables per day on oxidative DNA damage and repair in healthy nonsmokers. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 12, 1016–1022.
38Mohrenweiser, HW, Xi, T, Vazquez-Matias, J, et al. (2002) Identification of 127 amino acid substitution variants in screening 37 DNA repair genes in humans. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 11, 1054–1064.
39Zhou, W, Liu, G, Park, S, et al. (2005) Gene–smoking interaction associations for the ERCC1 polymorphisms in the risk of lung cancer. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 14, 491–496.
40Zienolddiny, S, Campa, D, Lind, H, et al. (2006) Polymorphisms of DNA repair genes and risk of non-small cell lung cancer. Carcinogenesis 27, 560–567.
41Matullo, G, Peluso, M, Polidoro, S, et al. (2003) Combination of DNA repair gene single nucleotide polymorphisms and increased levels of DNA adducts in a population-based study. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 12, 674–677.
42Gu, J, Zhao, H, Dinney, CP, et al. (2005) Nucleotide excision repair gene polymorphisms and recurrence after treatment for superficial bladder cancer. Clin Cancer Res 11, 1408–1415.
43Crew, KD, Gammon, MD, Terry, MB, et al. (2007) Polymorphisms in nucleotide excision repair genes, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon–DNA adducts, and breast cancer risk. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 16, 2033–2041.
44Butkiewicz, D, Rusin, M, Harris, CC, et al. (2000) Identification of four single nucleotide polymorphisms in DNA repair genes: XPA and XPB (ERCC3) in Polish population. Hum Mutat 15, 577–578.
45Akiri, G, Nahari, D, Finkelstein, Y, et al. (1998) Regulation of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression is mediated by internal initiation of translation and alternative initiation of transcription. Oncogene 17, 227–236.
46Larsen, LK, Amri, EZ, Mandrup, S, et al. (2002) Genomic organization of the mouse peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor β/δ gene: alternative promoter usage and splicing yield transcripts exhibiting differential translational efficiency. Biochem J 366, 767–775.
47Vogel, U, Overvad, K, Wallin, H, et al. (2005) Combinations of polymorphisms in XPD, XPC and XPA in relation to risk of lung cancer. Cancer Lett 222, 67–74.
48Butkiewicz, D, Popanda, O, Risch, A, et al. (2004) Association between the risk for lung adenocarcinoma and a ( − 4) G-to-A polymorphism in the XPA gene. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 13, 2242–2246.
49Guarnieri, S, Loft, S, Riso, P, et al. (2008) DNA repair phenotype and dietary antioxidant supplementation. Br J Nutr 99, 1018–1024.
50Cooke, MS, Evans, MD, Mistry, N, et al. (2002) Role of dietary antioxidants in the prevention of in vivo oxidative DNA damage. Nutr Res Rev 15, 19–42.
51Silva, JP, Gomes, AC & Coutinho, OP (2008) Oxidative DNA damage protection and repair by polyphenolic compounds in PC12 cells. Eur J Pharmacol 601, 50–60.
52Lunec, J, Holloway, KA, Cooke, MS, et al. (2002) Urinary 8-oxo-2′-deoxyguanosine: redox regulation of DNA repair in vivo? Free Radic Biol Med 33, 875–885.
53Ye, R, Goodarzi, AA, Kurz, EU, et al. (2004) The isoflavonoids genistein and quercetin activate different stress signaling pathways as shown by analysis of site-specific phosphorylation of ATM, p53 and histone H2AX. DNA Repair (Amst) 3, 235–244.
54Qiao, Y, Spitz, MR, Shen, H, et al. (2002) Modulation of repair of ultraviolet damage in the host-cell reactivation assay by polymorphic XPC and XPD/ERCC2 genotypes. Carcinogenesis 23, 295–299.
55Vodicka, P, Kumar, R, Stetina, R, et al. (2004) Genetic polymorphisms in DNA repair genes and possible links with DNA repair rates, chromosomal aberrations and single-strand breaks in DNA. Carcinogenesis 25, 757–763.
56Shen, J, Desai, M, Agrawal, M, et al. (2006) Polymorphisms in nucleotide excision repair genes and DNA repair capacity phenotype in sisters discordant for breast cancer. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 15, 1614–1619.
57Ma, H, Xu, L, Yuan, J, et al. (2007) Tagging single nucleotide polymorphisms in excision repair cross-complementing group 1 (ERCC1) and risk of primary lung cancer in a Chinese population. Pharmacogenet Genomics 17, 417–423.
58Spitz, MR, Wu, X, Wang, Y, et al. (2001) Modulation of nucleotide excision repair capacity by XPD polymorphisms in lung cancer patients. Cancer Res 61, 1354–1357.
59Møller, P, Wallin, H, Dybdahl, M, et al. (2000) Psoriasis patients with basal cell carcinoma have more repair-mediated DNA strand-breaks after UVC damage in lymphocytes than psoriasis patients without basal cell carcinoma. Cancer Lett 151, 187–192.
60Hou, SM, Ryk, C, Kannio, A, et al. (2003) Influence of common XPD and XRCC1 variant alleles on p53 mutations in lung tumors. Environ Mol Mutagen 41, 37–42.
61Vogel, U, Olsen, A, Wallin, H, et al. (2005) Effect of polymorphisms in XPD, RAI, ASE-1 and ERCC1 on the risk of basal cell carcinoma among Caucasians after age 50. Cancer Detect Prev 29, 209–214.
62Chen, M, Kamat, AM, Huang, M, et al. (2007) High-order interactions among genetic polymorphisms in nucleotide excision repair pathway genes and smoking in modulating bladder cancer risk. Carcinogenesis 28, 2160–2165.