1Papadimitropoulos, E, Coyte, PC, Josse, R, et al. (1997) Current and projected rates of hip fracture in Canada. CMAJ 157, 1357–1363.
2Kim, SM, Moon, YW, Lim, SJ, et al. (2012) Prediction of survival, second fracture, and functional recovery following the first hip fracture surgery in elderly patients. Bone 50, 1343–1350.
3Gulberg, B, Johnell, O & Kanis, JA (1997) World-wide projections for hip fracture. Osteoporos Int 7, 407–413.
4Lefaivre, KA, Macadam, SA, Davidson, DJ, et al. (2009) Length of stay, mortality, morbidity and delay to surgery in hip fractures. J Bone Joint Surg Br 91, 922–927.
5Shoda, N, Yasunaga, H, Horiguchi, H, et al. (2012) Risk factors affecting inhospital mortality after hip fracture: retrospective analysis using the Japanese Diagnosis Procedure Combination Database. BMJ Open 2, e000416.
6Dunbar, MJ, Howard, A, Bogosh, ER, et al. (2009) An AOA-COA symposium. Orthopaedics in 2020: predictors of musculoskeletal needs. J Bone Joint Surg Am 91, 2278–2286.
7Hu, F, Jiang, C, Shen, J, et al. (2011) Preoperative predictors for mortality following hip fractures surgery a systematic review and meta analysis. Injury 43, 676–685.
8Holt, G, Smith, R, Duncan, K, et al. (2008) Outcome after surgery for the treatment of hip fracture in the extremely elderly. J Bone Joint Surg Am 90, 1899–1905.
9Maggi, S, Siviero, P, Wetle, T, et al. (2010) A multicenter survey on profile of care for hip fracture: predictors of mortality and disability. Osteoporos Int 21, 223–231.
10Meyer, HE, Tverdal, A, Falch, JA, et al. (2000) Factor associated with mortality after hip fracture. Osteoporos Int 11, 228–232.
11Bauer, JM, Vogl, T, Wicklein, S, et al. (2005) Comparison of the Mini Nutritional Assessment, Subjective Global Assessment and Nutritional Risk Screening (NRS 2002) for nutritional screening and assessment in geriatric hospital patients. Z Gerontol Geriat 38, 322–327.
12Kondrup, J, Allison, SP, Elia, M, et al. (2003) ESPEN guidelines for nutrition screening 2002. Clin Nutr 22, 415–421.
13Salminen, H, Sääf, M, Johansson, SE, et al. (2006) Nutritional status as determined by the Mini-Nutritional Assessment, and osteoporosis: a cross sectional study of an elderly female population. Eur J Clin Nutr 60, 486–493.
14Formiga, F, Chivite, D, Mascaró, J, et al. (2005) No correlation between mini-nutritional assessment (short form) scale and clinical outcomes in 73 elderly patients admitted for hip fracture. Aging Clin Exp Res 17, 343–346.
15Murphy, MC, Brooks, CN, New, SA, et al. (2000) The use of the Mini-Nutritional Assessment (MNA) tool in elderly orthopaedic patients. Eur J Clin Nutr 54, 555–562.
16Michel, JP, Klopfenstein, C, Hoffmeyer, P, et al. (2002) Hip fracture surgery: is the pre-operative American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) score a predictor of functional outcome? Aging Clin Exp Res 14, 389–394.
17Fisher, LD & Belle, GV (1993) Biostatistics: A Methodology for Health Science. New York, NY: John Wiley.
18Beloosesky, Y, Grinblat, J, Pirotsky, A, et al. (2004) Different C-reactive protein kinetics in post-operative hip-fractured geriatric patients with and without complications. Gerontology 50, 216–222.
19Kurtinaitis, J, Dadonienė, J, Kvederas, G, et al. (2012) Mortality after femoral neck fractures: a two-year follow-up. Medicina (Kaunas) 48, 145–149.
20Vidal, EI, Moreira-Filho, DC, Pinheiro, RS, et al. (2012) Delay from fracture to hospital admission: a new risk factor for hip fracture mortality? Osteoporos Int .
21Kyle, UG, Kossovsky, MP, Karsegard, VL, et al. (2006) Comparison of tools for nutritional assessment and screening at hospital admission: a population study. Clin Nutr 25, 409–417.
22Shearer, MJ (2009) Vitamin K in parenteral nutrition. Gastroenterology 137, S105–S118.
23Siddiqui, SA, Ahmed, M, Ghani, MH, et al. (2011) Coagulation abnormalities in patients with chronic liver disease in Pakistan. J Pak Med Assoc 61, 363–367.
24Nickolas, TL, Cremers, S, Zhang, A, et al. (2011) Discriminants of prevalent fractures in chronic kidney disease. J Am Soc Nephrol 22, 1560–1572.
25Drescher, T, Singler, K, Ulrich, A, et al. (2010) Comparison of two malnutrition risk screening methods (MNA and NRS 2002) and their association with markers of protein malnutrition in geriatric hospitalized patient. Eur J Clin Nutr 64, 887–893.
26Bjorgul, K, Novicoff, WM & Saleh, KJ (2010) American Society of Anesthesiologist Physical Status score may be used as a comorbidity index in hip fracture surgery. J Arthroplasty 25, 134–137.