The authors acknowledge gratefully the contributions of the fellow investigators of the GUSTO study group, clinic and home visit staff, and all the participants of the GUSTO study. Fellow investigators of the GUSTO study group include Pratibha Agarwal, Arijit Biswas, Choon Looi Bong, Birit F. P. Broekman, Shirong Cai, Jerry Kok Yen Chan, Cornelia Yin Ing Chee, Helen Y. H. Chen, Yin Bun Cheung, Audrey Chia, Amutha Chinnadurai, Chai Kiat Chng, Shang Chee Chong, Mei Chien Chua, Chun Ming Ding, Eric Andrew Finkelstein, Doris Fok, Marielle Fortier, Yam Thiam Daniel Goh, Joshua J. Gooley, Wee Meng Han, Mark Hanson, Christiani Jeyakumar Henry, Joanna D. Holbrook, Chin-Ying Hsu, Hazel Inskip, Jeevesh Kapur, Ivy Yee-Man Lau, Bee Wah Lee, Yung Seng Lee, Ngee Lek, Sok Bee Lim, Yen-Ling Low, Iliana Magiati, Lourdes Mary Daniel, Michael Meaney, Cheryl Ngo, Krishnamoorthy Naiduvaje, Wei Wei Pang, Anqi Qiu, Boon Long Quah, Victor Samuel Rajadurai, Mary Rauff, Salome A. Rebello, Jenny L. Richmond, Anne Rifkin-Graboi, Allan Sheppard, Borys Shuter, Leher Singh, Walter Stunkel, Lin Lin Su, Kok Hian Tan, Mya Thway Tint, Rob M. van Dam, Inez Bik Yun Wong, P. C. Wong, Fabian Yap and George Seow Heong Yeo.
The present study was supported by the Translational Clinical Research Flagship Program on Developmental Pathways to Metabolic Disease funded by the National Research Foundation, and administered by the National Medical Research Council, Singapore (NMRC/TCR/004-NUS/2008). Additional funding was provided by the Singapore Institute for Clinical Sciences, A*STAR and Nestec. P. C. C. and K. M. G. were supported by the National Institute for Health Research through the NIHR Southampton Biomedical Research Centre.
The authors' contributions are as follows: Y.-M. Y., M. F. F. C., L. P.-C. S. and H. P. S. v. B. designed the study; S.-E. S., S.-M. S., K. K., P. D. G., K. M. G. and Y.-S. C. designed and led the GUSTO study; A. L. L. coordinated blood sample analyses; P. C. C., A. H., H. L. F., O. H. T. and A. G. contributed to data collection and analysis; Y.-M. Y., A. P. and Y.-H. C. analysed the data; Y.-M. Y. and M. F. F. C. wrote the paper; Y.-M. Y., M. F. F. C. and H. P. S. v. B. had primary responsibility for the final content of the article; M. F. F. C. and H. P. S. v. B. were the joint last authors. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.
P. D. G., K. M. G. and Y.-S. C. have received reimbursement for speaking at conferences sponsored by companies selling nutritional products. K. M. G. and Y.-S. C. are part of an academic consortium that has received research funding from Abbott Nutrition, Nestec and Danone. The other authors have no financial or personal conflict of interest.
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