1King, H, Aubert, RE & Herman, WH (1998) Global burden of diabetes, 1995–2025. Diabetes Care 21, 1414–1431.
2Wild, S, Roglic, G, Green, A, et al. (2004) Global prevalence of diabetes: estimates for the year 2000 and projections for 2030. Diabetes Care 27, 1047–1053.
3Shera, AS, Jawad, F & Maqsood, A (2007) Prevalence of diabetes in Pakistan. Diabetes Res Clin Pract 76, 219–222.
4Diabetes Prevention Program Research Group (2002) Reduction in the incidence of type 2 diabetes with lifestyle intervention or metformin. N Engl J Med 346, 393–403.
5Hunt, S (1976) Food habits of Asian immigrants. Nutr Food Sci 76, 2–5.
6Barnett, AH, Dixon, AN, Bellary, S, et al. (2006) Type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular risk in the UK south Asian community. Diabetologia 49, 2234–2246.
7Del Prato, S (2003) Loss of early insulin secretion leads to postprandial hyperglycaemia. Diabetologia 46, Suppl. 1, M2–M8.
8Woerlea, HJ, Neumannb, C, Zschaub, S, et al. (2007) Impact of fasting and postprandial glycemia on overall glycemic control in type 2 diabetes: importance of postprandial glycemia to achieve target HbA1c levels. Diabetes Res Clin Pract 77, 280–285.
9Monnier, L, Lapinski, H & Colette, C (2003) Contributions of fasting and postprandial plasma glucose increments to the overall diurnal hyperglycemia of type 2 diabetic patients variations with increasing levels of HbA1c. Diabetes Care 26, 881–885.
10Jenkins, DJA, Wolever, TMS, Collier, GR, et al. (1987) Metabolic effects of a low-glycemic-index diet. Am J Clin Nutr 46, 968–975.
11Cummings, DE, Overduin, J & Foster-Schubert, KE (2005) Roles for ghrelin in the regulation of appetite and body weight. Curr Opin Endocrinol Diabetes 12, 72–79.
12Wren, AM, Seal, LJ, Cohen, MA, et al. (2001) Ghrelin enhances appetite and increases food intake in humans. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 86, 5992–5995.
13Inui, A, Asakawa, A, Bowers, CY, et al. (2004) Ghrelin, appetite, and gastric motility: the emerging role of the stomach as an endocrine organ. FASEB J 18, 439–456.
14Erdmann, J, Töpsch, R, Lippl, F, et al. (2004) Postprandial response of plasma ghrelin levels to various test meals in relation to food intake, plasma insulin, and glucose. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 89, 3048–3054.
15Kaneko, T, Wang, PY, Tawata, M, et al. (1998) Low carbohydrate intake before oral glucose-tolerance tests. Lancet 352, 289.
16Wolever, TMS (2004) Effect of blood sampling schedule and method of calculating the area under the curve on validity and precision of glycaemic index values. Br J Nutr 91, 295–300.
18Van Bakel, MME, Slimani, N, Feskens, EJM, et al. (2009) Methodological challenges in the application of the glycemic index in epidemiological studies using data from the European prospective investigation into cancer and nutrition. J Nutr 139, 568–575.
19Dodd, H, Williams, S, Brown, R, et al. (2011) Calculating meal glycemic index by using measured and published food values compared with directly measured meal glycemic index. Am J Clin Nutr 94, 992–996.
20Utrilla-Coello, RG, Osorio-Díaz, P & Bello-Pérez, LA (2007) Alternative use of chickpea flour in breadmaking: chemical composition and starch digestibility of bread. Food Sci Technol Int 13, 323–327.
21Jenkins, DJ, Wolever, TM, Jenkins, AL, et al. (1983) The glycaemic index of foods tested in diabetic patients: a new basis for carbohydrate exchange favouring the use of legumes. Diabetologia 24, 257–264.
22Jerling, JC (2005) Measuring the glycaemic index – consensus and issues of debate. SAJCN 18, 232–236.
23Mayer, J (1953) Glucostatic mechanism of regulation of food intake. N Engl J Med 249, 13–16.
24Galgani, J, Aguirre, C & Díaz, E (2006) Acute effect of meal glycemic index and glycemic load on blood glucose and insulin responses in humans. Nutr J 5, 22.
25Krog-Mikkelsen, I, Sloth, S, Dimitrov, D, et al. (2011) A low glycemic index diet does not affect postprandial energy metabolism but decreases postprandial insulinemia and increases fullness ratings in healthy women. J Nutr 141, 1679–1684.
26Roberts, SB (2000) High-glycemic index foods, hunger, and obesity: is there a connection? Nutr Rev 58, 163–169.
27Ludwig, DS (2000) Dietary glycemic index and obesity. J Nutr 130, 280S–283S.
28Flint, A, Møller, BK, Raben, A, et al. (2006) Glycemic and insulinemic responses as determinants of appetite in humans. Am J Clin Nutr 84, 1365–1373.
29Callahan, HS, Cummings, DE, Pepe, MS, et al. (2004) Postprandial suppression of plasma ghrelin level is proportional to ingested caloric load but does not predict intermeal interval in humans. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 89, 1319–1324.
30Wolever, TMS, Jenkins, DJA, Jenkins, AL, et al. (1991) The glycemic index: methodology and clinical implications. Am J Clin Nutr 54, 846–854.
31Gannon, MC & Nuttall, FQ (1987) Factors affecting interpretation of postprandial glucose and insulin areas. Diabetes Care 10, 759–763.
32Carver, RH & Nash, JG (2006) Doing Data Analysis with SPSS 14.0. Belmont, CA: Thomson Brooks/Cole.