1Ebringer, L, Ferencík, M & Krajcovic, J (2008) Beneficial health effects of milk and fermented dairy products – review. Folia Microbiol (Praha) 53, 378–394.
2Tong, X, Dong, JY, Wu, ZW, et al. (2011) Dairy consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus: a meta-analysis of cohort studies. Eur J Clin Nutr 65, 1027–1031.
3Sonestedt, E, Wirfalt, E, Wallstrom, P, et al. (2011) Dairy products and its association with incidence of cardiovascular disease: the Malmo diet and cancer cohort. Eur J Epidemiol 26, 609–618.
4Dalmeijer, GW, Struijk, EA, van der Schouw, YT, et al. (2012) Dairy intake and coronary heart disease or stroke – a population-based cohort study. Int J Cardiol .
5Guo, Z, Liu, XM, Zhang, QX, et al. (2011) Influence of consumption of probiotics on the plasma lipid profile: a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 21, 844–850.
6Hata, Y, Yamamoto, M, Ohni, M, et al. (1996) A placebo-controlled study of the effect of sour milk on blood pressure in hypertensive subjects. Am J Clin Nutr 64, 767–771.
7Agerholm-Larsen, L, Raben, A, Haulrik, N, et al. (2000) Effect of 8 week intake of probiotic milk products on risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. Eur J Clin Nutr 54, 288–297.
8Kawase, M, Hashimoto, H, Hosoda, M, et al. (2000) Effect of administration of fermented milk containing whey protein concentrate to rats and healthy men on serum lipids and blood pressure. J Dairy Sci 83, 255–263.
9Inoue, K, Shirai, T, Ochiai, H, et al. (2003) Blood-pressure-lowering effect of a novel fermented milk containing gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in mild hypertensives. Eur J Clin Nutr 57, 490–495.
10Seppo, L, Jauhiainen, T, Poussa, T, et al. (2003) A fermented milk high in bioactive peptides has a blood pressure-lowering effect in hypertensive subjects. Am J Clin Nutr 77, 326–330.
11Mizushima, S, Ohshige, K, Watanabe, J, et al. (2004) Randomized controlled trial of sour milk on blood pressure in borderline hypertensive men. Am J Hypertens 17, 701–706.
12Tuomilehto, J, Lindstrom, J, Hyyrynen, J, et al. (2004) Effect of ingesting sour milk fermented using Lactobacillus helveticus bacteria producing tripeptides on blood pressure in subjects with mild hypertension. J Hum Hypertens 18, 795–802.
13Aihara, K, Kajimoto, O, Hirata, H, et al. (2005) Effect of powdered fermented milk with Lactobacillus helveticus on subjects with high-normal blood pressure or mild hypertension. J Am Coll Nutr 24, 257–265.
14Jauhiainen, T, Vapaatalo, H, Poussa, T, et al. (2005) Lactobacillus helveticus fermented milk lowers blood pressure in hypertensive subjects in 24-h ambulatory blood pressure measurement. Am J Hypertens 18, 1600–1605.
15Engberink, MF, Schouten, EG, Kok, FJ, et al. (2008) Lactotripeptides show no effect on human blood pressure: results from a double-blind randomized controlled trial. Hypertension 51, 399–405.
16van der Zander, K, Jakel, M, Bianco, V, et al. (2008) Fermented lactotripeptides-containing milk lowers daytime blood pressure in high normal-to-mild hypertensive subjects. J Hum Hypertens 22, 804–806.
17Jauhiainen, T, Ronnback, M, Vapaatalo, H, et al. (2010) Long-term intervention with Lactobacillus helveticus fermented milk reduces augmentation index in hypertensive subjects. Eur J Clin Nutr 64, 424–431.
18Usinger, L, Ibsen, H, Linneberg, A, et al. (2010) Human in vivo study of the renin–angiotensin–aldosterone system and the sympathetic activity after 8 weeks daily intake of fermented milk. Clin Physiol Funct Imaging 30, 162–168.
19Moher, D, Liberati, A, Tetzlaff, J, et al. (2009) Preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses: the PRISMA statement. Ann Intern Med 151, 264–269.
21Higgins, JP & Thompson, SG (2002) Quantifying heterogeneity in a meta-analysis. Stat Med 21, 1539–1558.
22Egger, M, Davey Smith, G, Schneider, M, et al. (1997) Bias in meta-analysis detected by a simple, graphical test. BMJ 315, 629–634.
23Duval, S & Tweedie, R (2000) Trim and fill: a simple funnel-plot-based method of testing and adjusting for publication bias in meta-analysis. Biometrics 56, 455–463.
24Lewington, S, Clarke, R, Qizilbash, N, et al. (2002) Age-specific relevance of usual blood pressure to vascular mortality: a meta-analysis of individual data for one million adults in 61 prospective studies. Lancet 360, 1903–1913.
25Appel, LJ, Moore, TJ, Obarzanek, E, et al. (1997) A clinical trial of the effects of dietary patterns on blood pressure. DASH Collaborative Research Group. N Engl J Med 336, 1117–1124.
27Usinger, L, Ibsen, H & Jensen, LT (2009) Does fermented milk possess antihypertensive effect in humans? J Hypertens 27, 1115–1120.
28Qin, LQ, Xu, JY, Dong, JY, et al. (2013) Lactotripeptides intake and blood pressure management: a meta-analysis of randomised controlled clinical trials. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 23, 395–402.
29Kato, N (2012) Ethnic differences in genetic predisposition to hypertension. Hypertens Res 35, 574–581.
30Xu, JY, Qin, LQ, Wang, PY, et al. (2008) Effect of milk tripeptides on blood pressure: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Nutrition 24, 933–940.
31Ricci, I, Artacho, R & Olalla, M (2010) Milk protein peptides with angiotensin I-converting enzyme inhibitory (ACEI) activity. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 50, 390–402.
32Cicero, AF, Gerocarni, B, Laghi, L, et al. (2011) Blood pressure lowering effect of lactotripeptides assumed as functional foods: a meta-analysis of current available clinical trials. J Hum Hypertens 25, 425–436.
34Cani, PD & Delzenne, NM (2009) The role of the gut microbiota in energy metabolism and metabolic disease. Curr Pharm Des 15, 1546–1558.
35Sawada, H, Furushiro, M, Hirai, K, et al. (1990) Purification and characterization of an antihypertensive compound from Lactobacillus casei. Agric Biol Chem 54, 3211–3219.
36Nakajima, K, Hata, Y, Osono, Y, et al. (1995) Antihypertensive effect of extract of Lactobacillus casei in patients with hypertension. J Clin Biochem Nutr 18, 181–187.
37Naruszewicz, M, Johansson, ML, Zapolska-Downar, D, et al. (2002) Effect of Lactobacillus plantarum 299v on cardiovascular disease risk factors in smokers. Am J Clin Nutr 76, 1249–1255.
38McGrane, MM, Essery, E, Obbagy, J, et al. (2011) Dairy consumption, blood pressure, and risk of hypertension: an evidence-based review of recent literature. Curr Cardiovasc Risk Rep 5, 287–298.
39Steffen, LM, Kroenke, CH, Yu, X, et al. (2005) Associations of plant food, dairy product, and meat intakes with 15-y incidence of elevated blood pressure in young black and white adults: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study. Am J Clin Nutr 82, 1169–1177.
40Wang, L, Manson, JE, Buring, JE, et al. (2008) Dietary intake of dairy products, calcium, and vitamin D and the risk of hypertension in middle-aged and older women. Hypertension 51, 1073–1079.
41Engberink, MF, Geleijnse, JM, de Jong, N, et al. (2009) Dairy intake, blood pressure, and incident hypertension in a general Dutch population. J Nutr 139, 582–587.
42Engberink, MF, Hendriksen, MA, Schouten, EG, et al. (2009) Inverse association between dairy intake and hypertension: the Rotterdam Study. Am J Clin Nutr 89, 1877–1883.