Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Effect of previous nutrition on body composition and maintenance energy costs of growing lambs

  • C. L. Ferrell (a1), L. J. Koong (a1) and J. A. Nienaber (a1)

Abstract

1. Forty-eight intact male lambs (30 kg) were fed to gain 16 (H), 5 (M) or –6 (L) kg during a 42 d interval (period 1). Lambs from each of the H and M groups were fed to gain either 16 (HH, MH), 5 (HM, MM) or –6 (HL, ML) kg and lambs from the L group were fed to gain 27 (LS), 16 (LH) or 5 (LM) kg during the ensuing 42 d (period 2).

2. Fasting heat production (FHP) of four lambs from each treatment was determined at the end of period 2.

3. Weights and compositions of the carcass, offal and digesta-free body as well as weights of major internal organs were determined for four lambs of each treatment at the end of periods 1 and 2.

4. Within groups of lambs of similar weight at the end of period 2, body composition was, in general, similar, but FHP was greater in lambs that had been on higher planes of nutrition during period 2.

5. Within groups of lambs of similar weight, lambs that were fed at higher planes of nutrition during period 2 had greater weights or proportions of liver, small intestine, large intestine and stomach.

6. Neither weight of the liver, kidney, stomach, small intestine, large intestine nor daily fasting heat production were constant functions of body-weight. Relations of these traits to body-weight changed with rate of gain.

7. Regression analysis indicated that the feeding of lambs at higher planes of nutrition during period 1 resulted in higher maintenance requirements of those lambs during period 2.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Effect of previous nutrition on body composition and maintenance energy costs of growing lambs
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Effect of previous nutrition on body composition and maintenance energy costs of growing lambs
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Effect of previous nutrition on body composition and maintenance energy costs of growing lambs
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

References

Hide All
Andersen, B. B. (1980). Annals Zootechnie 29, 8592.
Barr, A. J., Goodnight, J. H., Sall, J. P. & Helwig, J. T. (1979). SAS User's Guide. NC: Statistical Analysis System Institute.
Blaxter, K. L. & Boyne, A. W. (1982). Journal of Agricultural Science, Cambridge 99, 611620.
Blaxter, K. L., Clapperton, J. L. & Wainman, F. W. (1966). Journal of Agricultural Science, Cambridge 67, 6775.
Burton, J. H. & Reid, J. T. (1969). Journal of Nutrition 97, 517524.
Canas, R., Romero, J. J. & Baldwin, R. L. (1982). Journal of Nutrition 112, 18761880.
Close, W. H. (1978). British Journal of Nutrition 40, 433438.
Drew, K. R. & Reid, J. T. (1975). Journal of Agricultural Science, Cambridge 85, 215220.
Edelstone, D. I. & Holzman, I. R. (1981). American Journal of Physiology 240, G297G304.
Ferrell, C. L., Crouse, J. D., Field, R. A. & Chant, J. L. (1979). Journal of Animal Science 49, 790801.
Ferrell, C. L., Garrett, W. N., Hinman, N. & Gritching, G. (1976). Journal of Animal Science 42, 937950.
Flatt, W. P. & Coppock, C. E. (1963). Journal of Dairy Science 46, 638 Abstr.
Foot, J. Z. & Tulloh, N. M. (1977). Journal of Agricultural Science, Cambridge 88, 135142.
Garrett, W. N. (1971). Journal of Animal Science 32, 451456.
Graham, N. McC. & Searle, T. W. (1972). Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 23, 97108.
Graham, N. McC., Searle, T. W. & Griffiths, D. A. (1974). Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 25, 957971.
Gray, R. & McCracken, K. J. (1979). In Energy Metabolism, European Association for Animal Production Publication no. 26, pp. 163167 [Mount, L. E., editor]. London: Butterworths.
Kielanowski, J. (1976). In Protein Metabolism and Nutrition, European Association for Animal Production Publication no. 16, pp. 207215 [Cole, D. J. A., Boorman, K. N., Buttery, P. J., Lewis, D., Neale, R. J. and Swan, H., editors]. London: Butterworths.
Koong, L. J. (1977). Journal of Nutrition 107, 17241728.
Ledger, H. P. & Sayers, A. R. (1977). Journal of Agricultural Science, Cambridge 88, 1126.
Lobley, G. E., Milne, V., Lovie, J. M., Reeds, P. J. & Pennie, K. (1980). British Journal of Nutrition 43, 491502.
Lomax, M. A. & Baird, G. D. (1983). British Journal of Nutrition 49, 481496.
Marston, H. R. (1948). Australian Journal of Science and Research B1, 93129.
Millward, D. J., Garlick, P. J., James, W. P. T., Sender, P. & Waterlow, J. C. (1976). In Protein Metabolism and Nutrition, pp. 4969 [Cole, D. J. A., Boorman, K. N., Buttery, P. J., Lewis, D., Neale, R. J. and Swan, H., editors]. London: Butterworths.
Nienaber, J. A. & Maddy, A. L. (1985). Transactions of the American Society of Agricultural Engineers 28, 555560.
Pullar, J. D. & Webster, A. J. F. (1977). British Journal of Nutrition 37, 355363.
Searle, T. W., Graham, N. McC. & O'Callaghan, M. (1972). Journal of Agricultural Science, Cambridge 79, 371382.
Simon, O., Bergner, H. & Muchmeyer, R. (1982). British Journal of Nutrition 48, 571582.
Smith, N. E. (1970). Quantitative simulation analyses of ruminant metabolic functions: basal; lactation; milk fat depression. PhD Thesis, University of California.
Smith, N. E. & Baldwin, R. L. (1974). Journal of Dairy Science 57, 10551060.
Thompson, G. E. & Bell, A. W. (1976). In Energy Metabolism of Farm Animals, European Association for Animal Production Publication no. 19, pp. 3740 [Vermorel, M., editor]. Clermont-Ferrand: G. de Bussac.
Walker, J. J. & Garrett, W. N. (1970). In Energy Metabolism of Farm Animals, European Association for Animal Production Publication no. 13, pp. 193196 [Schurch, A. and Wenk, C., editors]. Zurich: Juris Druck & Verlag.
Webster, A. J. F. (1979). In Energy Metabolism, European Association for Animal Production Publication no. 26, pp. 461466 [Mount, E., editor]. London: Butterworths.
Webster, A. J. F., Lobley, G., Reeds, P. J. & Pullar, J. D. (1978). Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 37, 21A.
Webster, A. J. F., Smith, J. S. & Mollison, G. S. (1982). In Energy Metabolism of Farm Animals, European Association for Animal Production Publication no. 29, pp. 237240 [Ekern, A. and Sundstol, F., editors]. Lillehammer: Agricultural University of Norway.
Webster, A. J. F. & White, F. (1973). British Journal of Nutrition 29, 279292.
Wilson, P. N. & Osbourn, D. F. (1960). Biological Reviews 35, 324363.

Effect of previous nutrition on body composition and maintenance energy costs of growing lambs

  • C. L. Ferrell (a1), L. J. Koong (a1) and J. A. Nienaber (a1)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed