1Jabs, J & Devine, CM (2006) Time scarcity and food choices: an overview. Appetite 47, 196–204.
2Ribas-Barba, L, Serra-Majem, L, Salvador, G, et al. (2007) Trends in dietary habits and food consumption in Catalonia, Spain (1992–2003). Public Health Nutr 10, 1340–1353.
3Le Francois, P, Calamassi-Tran, G, Hebel, P, et al. (1996) Food and nutrient intake outside the home of 629 French people of fifteen years and over. Eur J Clin Nutr 50, 826–831.
4Lin, BH & Frazao, E (1997) Nutritional quality of foods at and away from home. Food Rev 20, 33–40.
5Kant, AK & Graubard, BI (2004) Eating out in America, 1987–2000: trends and nutritional correlates. Prev Med 38, 243–249.
6Orfanos, P, Naska, A, Trichopoulos, D, et al. (2007) Eating out of home and its correlates in 10 European countries. The European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study. Public Health Nutr 10, 1515–1525.
7Jacobs, M & Scholliers, P (2002) Buitenshuis Eten in de Lage Landen sinds 1800 (Outdoor Dining in the Low Countries since 1800). Brussels: Vubpress.
8Ayala, GX, Rogers, M, Arredondov, EM, et al. (2008) Away-from-home food intake and risk for obesity: examining the influence of context. Obesity (Silver Spring) 16, 1002–1008.
9Lachat, C, Roberfroid, D, Huybregts, L, et al. (2009) Incorporating the catering sector in nutrition policies of WHO European Region: is there a good recipe? Public Health Nutr 12, 316–319.
10Burke, SJ, McCarthy, SN, O'Neill, JL, et al. (2007) An examination of the influence of eating location on the diets of Irish children. Public Health Nutr 10, 599–607.
11O'Dwyer, NA, Gibney, MJ, Burke, SJ, et al. (2005) The influence of eating location on nutrient intakes in Irish adults: implications for developing food-based dietary guidelines. Public Health Nutr 8, 258–265.
14Vandevijvere, S, De Vriese, S, Huybrechts, I, et al. (2009) The gap between food-based dietary guidelines and the usual food consumption in Belgium, 2004. Public Health Nutr 12, 423–431.
15De Vriese, S, De Backer, G, De Henauw, S, et al. (2005) The Belgian food consumption survey: aims, design and methods. Arch Public Health 63, 1–16.
16International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) (2005) . http://www.ipaq.ki.se (accessed 5 July 2008).
17Slimani, N & Valsta, L (2002) Perspectives of using the EPIC-SOFT programme in the context of pan-European nutritional monitoring surveys: methodological and practical implications. Eur J Clin Nutr 56, Suppl. 2, S63–S74.
18Vlaams Instituut voor Gezondheidspromotie (Flemish Institute for Health Promotion) (2004) De Voedingsdriehoek: een Praktische Voedingsgids (The Food Triangle: A Practical Guide). Brussels: VIG.
19Absolonne, J, Sirjacobs, F, Guggenbühl, N, et al. (1998) La pyramide alimentaire ou quand les nutriments deviennent réalité (The food pyramid and when nutrients become reality). Health Food 28, 1–5.
20World Health Organization (1996) . In Report of a WHO Expert Committee. WHO Technical Report Series . Geneva: WHO.
21Cole, TJ, Bellizzi, MC, Flegal, KM, et al. (2000) Establishing a standard definition for child overweight and obesity worldwide: international survey. BMJ 320, 1240–1243.
22Kearney, JM, Hulshof, KF & Gibney, MJ (2001) Eating patterns – temporal distribution, converging and diverging foods, meals eaten inside and outside of the home – implications for developing FBDG. Public Health Nutr 4, 693–698.
23Nusser, SM, Carriquiry, AL, Dodd, KW, et al. (1996) A semiparametric transformation approach to estimating usual daily intake distributions. J Am Stat Assoc 91, 1440–1449.
24Institute of Medicine (2003) Dietary Reference Intakes: Applications in Dietary Assessment. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
25Guenther, PM, Kott, PS & Carriquiry, AL (1997) Development of an approach for estimating usual nutrient intake distributions at the population level. J Nutr 127, 1106–1112.
27Prentice, AM & Jebb, SA (2003) Fast foods, energy density and obesity: a possible mechanistic link. Obes Rev 4, 187–194.
28Stubbs, J, Ferres, S & Horgan, G (2000) Energy density of foods: effects on energy intake. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 40, 481–515.
29World Health Organization (2007) The Challenge of Obesity in the WHO European Region and the Strategies for Response. Geneva: WHO Regional Office for Europe.
30Riboli, E (2002) Nutrition and Lifestyle: Opportunities for Cancer Prevention. Paris: International Agency for Research on Cancer.
31Lobstein, T & Davies, S (2009) Defining and labelling ‘healthy’ and ‘unhealthy’ food. Public Health Nutr 12, 331–340.