Aro, A, Mannisto, S, Salminen, I, Ovaskainen, ML, Kataja, V & Uusitupa, M (2000) Inverse association between dietary and serum conjugated linoleic acid and risk of breast cancer in postmenopausal women. Nutr Cancer 38, 151–157.
Belury, MA, Nickel, KP, Bird, CE & Wu, YM (1996) Dietary conjugated linoleic acid modulation of phorbol ester skin tumor promotion. Nutr Cancer 26, 149–157.
Boland, M, MacGibbon, A & Hill, J (2001) Designer milks for the new millennium. Livest Prod Sci 72, 99–109.
Calder, PC (2002) Conjugated linoleic acid in humans – reasons to be cheerful?. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care 5, 123–126.
Campbell, SL, Khosravi-Far, R, Rossman, KL, Clark, GJ & Der, CJ (1998) Increasing complexity of Ras signaling. Oncogene 17, 1395–1413.
Chilliard, Y, Ferlay, A & Doreau, M (2000) Effect of different types of forages, animal fat or marine oils in cow's diet on milk fat secretion and composition, especially conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) and polyunsaturated fatty acids. Livest Prod Sci 70, 31–48.
Chin, SF, Liu, W, Storkson, JM, Ha, YL & Pariza, MW (1992) Dietary sources of conjugated dienoic isomers of linoleic acid, a newly recognised class of anticarcinogens. J Food Comp Anal 5, 185–197.
Geiser, AG, Anderson, MJ & Stanbridge, EJ (1989) Suppression of tumorigenicity in human cell hybrids derived from cell lines expressing different activated ras oncogenes. Cancer Res 49, 1572–1577.
Gibbs, JB, Oliff, A & Kohl, NE (1994) Farnesyltransferase inhibitors: Ras research yields a potential cancer therapeutic. Cell 77, 175–178.
Griinari, JM, Corl, BA, Lacy, SH, Chouinard, PY, Nurmela, KV & Bauman, DE (2000) Conjugated linoleic acid is synthesized endogenously in lactating dairy cows by Delta(9)-desaturase. J Nutr 130, 2285–2291.
Ha, YL, Storkson, J & Pariza, MW (1990) Inhibition of benzo(a)pyrene-induced mouse forestomach neoplasia by conjugated dienoic derivatives of linoleic acid. Cancer Res 50, 1097–1101.
Hissin, PJ & Hilf, R (1976) A fluorometric method for determination of oxidized and reduced glutathione in tissues. Anal Biochem 74, 214–226.
Ip, C, Banni, S & Angioni, E (1999) Conjugated linoleic acid-enriched butter fat alters mammary gland morphogenesis and reduces cancer risk in rats. J Nutr 129, 2135–2142.
Ip, C, Briggs, SP, Haegele, AD, Thompson, HJ, Storkson, J & Scimeca, JA (1996) The efficacy of conjugated linoleic acid in mammary cancer prevention is independent of the level or type of fat in the diet. Carcinogenesis 17, 1045–1050.
Ip, C, Dong, Y, Thompson, HJ, Bauman, DE & Ip, MM (2001) Control of rat mammary epithelium proliferation by conjugated linoleic acid. Nutr Cancer 39, 233–238.
Ip, C, Singh, M, Thompson, HJ & Scimeca, JA (1994) Conjugated linoleic acid suppresses mammary carcinogenesis and proliferative activity of the mammary gland in the rat. Cancer Res 54, 1212–1215.
Jarvinen, R, Knekt, P, Hakulinen, T & Aromaa, A (2001) Prospective study on milk products, calcium and cancers of the colon and rectum. Eur J Clin Nutr 55, 1000–1007.
Kepler, CR & Tove, SB (1967) Biohydrogenation of unsaturated fatty acids. J Biol Chem 242, 5686–5692.
Knekt, P, Jarvinen, R, Seppanen, R, Pukkala, E & Aromaa, A (1996) Intake of dairy products and the risk of breast cancer. Br J Cancer 73, 687–691.
Laemmli, UK (1970) Cleavage of structural proteins during the assembly of the head of bacteriophage T 4. Nature 227, 680–685.
Lawless, F, Murphy, JJ, Harrington, D, Devery, R & Stanton, C (1998) Elevation of conjugated cis-9, trans-11-octadecadienoic acid in bovine milk because of dietary supplementation. J Dairy Sci 81, 3259–3267.
Liew, C, Schut, HAJ, Chin, SF, Pariza, MW & Dashwood, RH (1995) Protection of conjugated linoleic acids against 2-amino-3-methylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoline-induced colon carcinogenesis in the F344 rat – a study of inhibitory mechanisms. Carcinogenesis 16, 3037–3043.
Lopaczynski, W & Zeisel, SH (2001) Antioxidants, programme cell death and cancer. Nutr Res 21, 295–307.
McGrath, E, Stanton, C & Devery, R (2001) Conjugated linoleic acid isomers inhibit ras expression in the SW480 colon cancer cell line. Ir J Agric Food Res 41, 144.
Miller, A, McGrath, E, Stanton, C & Devery, R (2003) Vaccenic acid (t11–18:1) is converted to conjugated linoleic acid (c9, t11-CLA) in MCF-7 and SW480 cancer cells. Lipids 38, 623–632.
Miller, A, Stanton, C & Devery, R (2001) Modulation of arachidonic acid distribution by conjugated linoleic acid isomers and linoleic acid in MCF-7 and SW480 cancer cells. Lipids 36, 1161–1168.
Miller, A, Stanton, C & Devery, R (2002) Cis 9, trans 11- and trans 10, cis 12 conjugated linoleic acid isomers induce apoptosis in cultured SW480 cells. Anticancer Res 22, 3879–3888.
Milner, JA (1999) Functional foods and health promotion. J Nutr 129, 1395S–1397S.
O'Shea, M, Stanton, C & Devery, R (1999) Antioxidant enzyme defence responses of human MCF-7 and SW480 cancer cells to conjugated linoleic acid. Anticancer Res 19, 1953–1959.
O'Shea, M, Stanton, C & Devery, R (2000) Milk fat conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) inhibits growth of human mammary MCF-7 cancer cells. Anticancer Res 20, 3591–3601.
Palombo, JD, Ganguly, A, Bistrian, BR & Menard, MP (2002) The antiproliferative effects of biologically active isomers of conjugated linoleic acid on human colorectal and prostatic cancer cells. Cancer Lett 177, 163–172.
Park, Y, Allen, KG & Shultz, TD (2000) Modulation of MCF-7 breast cancer cell signal transduction by linoleic acid and conjugated linoleic acid in culture. Anticancer Res 20, 669–676.
Ritzenthaler, KL, McGuire, MK, Falen, R, Shultz, TD, Dasgupta, N & McGuire, MA (2001) Estimation of conjugated linoleic acid intake by written dietary assessment methodologies underestimates actual intake evaluated by food duplicate methodology. J Nutr 131, 1548–1554.
Tang, DG, Li, L, Zhu, ZY & Joshi, B (1998) Apoptosis in the absence of cytochrome c accumulation in the cytosol. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 242, 380–384.
Towbin, H, Staehelin, T & Gordon, J (1979) Electrophoretic transfer of proteins from polyacrylamide gels to nitrocellulose sheets: procedure and some applications. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 76, 4350–4354.
Waslidge, NB & Hayes, DJ (1995) A colorimetric method for the determination of lipoxygenase activity suitable for use in a high throughput assay format. Anal Biochem 231, 354–358.
Watkins, MT, Patton, GM & Soler, HM (1999) Synthesis of 8-epi-prostaglandin F 2α by human endothelial cells: role of prostaglandin H 2 synthase. Biochem J 344, 747–754.
Zhou, JR & Blackburn, GL (1999) Dietary lipid modulation of immune responses in tumorigenesis. In Nutritional Oncology pp. 195–213[Heber, GL, Blackburn, D and Go, VLW, editors]. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.