1Wells, JC, Davies, PS & Lee, PC (1993) Patterns of infant weight gain in developing countries. J Trop Pediatr 39, 214–218.
2Lunn, PG (2000) The impact of infection and nutrition on gut function and growth in childhood. Proc Nutr Soc 59, 147–154.
3Lartey, A (2008) Maternal and child nutrition in Sub-Saharan Africa: challenges and interventions. Proc Nutr Soc 67, 105–108.
4Ceesay, SM, Prentice, AM, Cole, TJ, et al. (1997) Effects on birth weight and perinatal mortality of maternal dietary supplements in rural Gambia: 5 year randomised controlled trial. BMJ 315, 786–790.
5Poskitt, EM, Cole, TJ & Whitehead, RG (1999) Less diarrhoea but no change in growth: 15 years' data from three Gambian villages. Arch Dis Child 80, 115–119.
6Barker, DJ, Eriksson, JG, Forsen, T, et al. (2002) Fetal origins of adult disease: strength of effects and biological basis. Int J Epidemiol 31, 1235–1239.
7Stein, CE, Fall, CH, Kumaran, K, et al. (1996) Fetal growth and coronary heart disease in south India. Lancet 348, 1269–1273.
8Adair, LS & Cole, TJ (2003) Rapid child growth raises blood pressure in adolescent boys who were thin at birth. Hypertension 41, 451–456.
9Bavdekar, A, Yajnik, CS, Fall, CHD, et al. (1999) Insulin resistance syndrome in 8-year-old Indian children – small at birth, big at 8 years, or both? Diabetes 48, 2422–2429.
10Wells, JC, Chomtho, S & Fewtrell, MS (2007) Programming of body composition by early growth and nutrition. Proc Nutr Soc 66, 423–434.
11Ong, KK, Ahmed, ML, Emmett, PM, et al. (2000) Association between postnatal catch-up growth and obesity in childhood: prospective cohort study. BMJ 320, 967–971.
12Ibanez, L, Ong, K, Dunger, DB, et al. (2006) Early development of adiposity and insulin resistance after catch-up weight gain in small-for-gestational-age children. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 91, 2153–2158.
13Yajnik, CS, Fall, CH, Coyaji, KJ, et al. (2003) Neonatal anthropometry: the thin-fat Indian baby. The Pune Maternal Nutrition Study. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 27, 173–180.
14Krishnaveni, GV, Hill, JC, Veena, SR, et al. (2005) Truncal adiposity is present at birth and in early childhood in South Indian children. Indian Pediatr 42, 527–538.
15Wells, JC (2007) The thrifty phenotype as an adaptive maternal effect. Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 82, 143–172.
16Hill, K (1993) Life history theory and evolutionary anthropology. Evol Anthropol 2, 78–79.
17Wells, JC (2003) The thrifty phenotype hypothesis: thrifty offspring or thrifty mother? J Theor Biol 221, 143–161.
18Freeman, JV, Cole, TJ, Chinn, S, et al. (1995) Cross sectional stature and weight reference curves for the UK, 1990. Arch Dis Child 73, 17–24.
19Cole, TJ, Freeman, JV & Preece, MA (1995) Body mass index reference curves for the UK, 1990. Arch Dis Child 73, 25–29.
20Paul, AA, Cole, TJ, Ahmed, EA, et al. (1998) The need for revised standards for skinfold thickness in infancy. Arch Dis Child 78, 354–358.
21Davies, PS & Wells, JC (1994) Calculation of total body water in infancy. Eur J Clin Nutr 48, 490–495.
22Racette, SB, Schoeller, DA, Luke, AH, et al. (1994) Relative dilution spaces of 2H- and 18O-labeled water in humans. Am J Physiol 267, E585–E590.
23Schoeller, DA (1996) Human Body Composition, pp. 25–43 [Roche, AF, Heymsfield, SB and Lohman, TG, editors]. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.
24VanItallie, TB, Yang, MU, Heymsfield, SB, et al. (1990) Height-normalized indices of the body's fat-free mass and fat mass: potentially useful indicators of nutritional status. Am J Clin Nutr 52, 953–959.
25Wells, JC (2001) A critique of the expression of paediatric body composition data. Arch Dis Child 85, 67–72.
26Wells, JC, Fewtrell, MS, Davies, PS, et al. (2005) Prediction of total body water in infants and children. Arch Dis Child 90, 965–971.
27Fjeld, CR, Freundt-Thurne, J & Schoeller, DA (1990) Total body water measured by 18-O dilution and bioelectrical impedance in well and malnourished children. Pediatr Res 27, 98–102.
28Cheek, DB (1968) Human Growth. Philadelphia, PA: Lea & Febiger.
29Bland, JM & Altman, DG (1986) Statistical methods for assessing agreement between two methods of clinical measurement. Lancet i, 307–310.
30Campbell, DI, Lunn, PG & Elia, M (2002) Age-related association of small intestinal mucosal enteropathy with nutritional status in rural Gambian children. Br J Nutr 88, 499–505.
31Campbell, DI, Elia, M & Lunn, PG (2003) Growth faltering in rural Gambian infants is associated with impaired small intestinal barrier function, leading to endotoxemia and systemic inflammation. J Nutr 133, 1332–1338.
32Campbell, DI, McPhail, G, Lunn, PG, et al. (2004) Intestinal inflammation measured by fecal neopterin in Gambian children with enteropathy: association with growth failure, Giardia lamblia, and intestinal permeability. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 39, 153–157.
33Owino, VO, Kasonka, LM, Sinkala, MM, et al. (2007) Fortified complementary foods with or without α-amylase treatment increase hemoglobin but do not reduce breast milk intake of 9-mo-old Zambian infants. Am J Clin Nutr 86, 1094–1103.
34Joglekar, CV, Fall, CH, Deshpande, VU, et al. (2007) Newborn size, infant and childhood growth, and body composition and cardiovascular disease risk factors at the age of 6 years: the Pune Maternal Nutrition Study. Int J Obes (Lond) 31, 1534–1544.
35Fuller, NJ, Jebb, SA, Laskey, MA, et al. (1992) Four-component model for the assessment of body composition in humans: comparison with alternative methods, and evaluation of the density and hydration of fat-free mass. Clin Sci (Lond) 82, 687–693.
36Wells, JC, Fuller, NJ, Dewit, O, et al. (1999) Four-component model of body composition in children: density and hydration of fat-free mass and comparison with simpler models. Am J Clin Nutr 69, 904–912.
37Butte, N, Heinz, C, Hopkinson, J, et al. (1999) Fat mass in infants and toddlers: comparability of total body water, total body potassium, total body electrical conductivity, and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 29, 184–189.
38Williams, JE, Wells, JC, Wilson, CM, et al. (2006) Evaluation of Lunar Prodigy dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry for assessing body composition in healthy persons and patients by comparison with the criterion 4-component model. Am J Clin Nutr 83, 1047–1054.