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The Marian restoration in Ireland

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  31 March 2016

Henry A. Jefferies
Affiliation:
Thornhill College, Culmore Road, Derry, BT48 8JF, Northern Ireland. Email: henryjefferies@hotmail.com
Corresponding

Abstract

Mary’s endeavours to restore Catholicism in England have attracted much scholarly attention and not a little controversy, primarily because of her bloody response to the scale and persistence of the Protestant challenge she faced there. Her endeavours in Ireland, by contrast, have been relatively overlooked. Yet the Marian restoration in Ireland ought to be recognised as an integral part of Mary’s religious programme for her dominions. It offers interesting points of comparison for the implementation of the queen’s programme in England, and it was significant in its own right, not as a decisive watershed but, as a time when religious controversies were crystallised and definite decisions were made that proved significant in the subsequent survival of Catholicism as the religion of the people of Ireland.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
© Trustees of the Catholic Record Society 2016. Published by Cambridge University Press 

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References

1 Jefferies, Henry A., The Irish Church and the Tudor Reformations (Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2010), 75 Google Scholar.

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3 Ibid.

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58 ‘William Walsh’, David Edwards, DNB

59 c.f., CRP, vols 1–3, passim.. Pole seems to have given little thought to the north of England either. He commented to Bishop Gardiner that ‘almost all’ the people in England lived in the ecclesiastical province of Canterbury (see CRP, no. 1054), and he may have forgotten to summon the northern convocation of the English Church to the legatine synod of London, see Mayer, Prince and prophet, 236. At the same time, he was aware that the people in the north of England and Cornwall were the most obedient Catholics in England, and the least heretical: CRP, no. 815.

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76 CRP, nos 1136, 1398. From the same time there are copies in Dowdall’s register of dispensations granted by Pole to two couples in Armagh diocese who had secured faculties from Canterbury during the time of schism to allow them to marry despite the impediment of consanguity: Public Records Office of Northern Ireland, MS DIO 4/2/12, ‘Dowdall’s register’, 83–8 (74, 75).

77 Ibid., no. 1314.

78 Mayer, Prince and Prophet, 271. See his note to CRP, no. 1959.

79 Mayer, Prince and Prophet, 261.

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82 Ibid., nos 1277, 1634.

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114 SP 63/10/42; Shirley, Original letters, no. lxx.

115 Ibid., no. liv.

116 State papers concerning the Irish church in the time of Queen Elizabeth, ed. W. Maziere Brady (London: Longmans, Green, Reader & Dyer, 1868), no. 5.

117 Jefferies, Irish Church, 139–41; Jefferies, ‘Elizabeth’s Reformation’: 528–30.

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119 Jefferies, Irish Church, 139–40.

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121 Morrisey, ‘Wolfe’, ODNB.

122 Jefferies, Irish Church, p. 77.

123 Ibid., 147.

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125 Ibid., 178–80.

126 Lennon, Colm, The Lords of Dublin in the Age of Reformation (Dublin: Irish Academic Press, 1989), 130 Google Scholar, 142–51, 156–7, 163, 186, 215; see also Lennon, , ‘Mass in the Manor House: The Counter-Reformation in Dublin, 1560–1630’ in James Kelly and Dáire Keogh eds., History of the Catholic Diocese of Dublin (Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2000), 117118 Google Scholar; Jefferies, Irish Church, 189–90, 177–8.

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129 Ibid., no. lxxiii.

130 Ibid., no. lxxxii.

131 SP 63/56/27; SP 63/55/59.

132 SP 63/94/37; Ciaran Brady, ‘Conservative Subversives: The Community of the Pale and the Dublin Administration, 1556–1586’ in P.J. Corish ed., Radicals, Rebels and Establishments: Historical Studies 25 (Belfast: Appletree Press, 1985), 11.

133 Marshall, Peter, Reformation England, 1480–1642 (London: Bloomsbury, 2003), 111 Google Scholar. That observation was reiterated in a stronger manner when Marshall described the place of Mary’s reign in the English Reformation as ‘its central crux and crisis, and that it set the tone of much of what was to follow’; see also , Marshall, ‘Confessionalization,Confessionalism and Confusion in the English Reformation’ in Thomas Mayer ed., Reforming Reformation (Farnham: Ashgate, 2012), 15 Google ScholarPubMed.

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135 Jefferies, Priests and Prelates of Armagh, 165–70; Jefferies, Irish Church, 104–21.

136 Jefferies, ‘Elizabeth’s Reformation’, passim.

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