Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Re-use of Roman Stone in the Reedham Area of East Norfolk: Intimations of a Possible ‘Lost’ Roman Fort

  • J.R.L. Allen (a1), E.J. Rose (a2) and M.G. Fulford (a3)

Extract

This paper explores the implications of re-used Roman building-stone for an apparently ‘lost’ site of possibly military significance in eastern Norfolk. Herein we revisit the low-lying peninsula (FIG. 1, A–B) between the marshy estuaries of the Bure and Yare where, in the parish church of St John the Baptist, Reedham, a grey-weathering quartzitic quartz sandstone (grey quartzite), suggested to be from ‘an exceptionally large Roman building near Reedham’, has apparently been exploited. Threefold grounds were cited at this first examination by one of the present writers. The stone is associated with abundant Roman brick and tile, and some blocks present chamfered edges and dressing marks ‘similar to those that occur on Roman monumental buildings’. Reportedly, the rock resembles stone used in the Roman shore fort at Brancaster on the North Norfolk coast, although no petrographie or mineralogical details are actually cited by Rose.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Allen, J.R.L., and Fulford, M.G. 1999: ‘Fort building and military supply along Britain's Eastern Channel and North Sea coasts: the late second and third centuries’, Britannia 30, 163–84
Allen, J.R.L., Fulford, M.G., and Pearson, A.F. 2001: ‘Branodunum on the Saxon Shore (North Norfolk): a local origin for the building material’, Britannia 32, 271–5
Boswell, P.G.H. 1915: ‘The stratigraphy and petrology of the Lower Eocene deposits of the north-eastern part of the London Basin’, Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society 71, 536–88
Boswell, P.G.H. 1927: ‘The geology of the country around Ipswich’, Mem. Geol. Surv. Gr. Br., London
Burnham, B.C., and Wacher, J. 1990: The Small Towns of Roman Britain, London
Cattermole, P., and Cotton, S. 1983: ‘Medieval parish church building in Norfolk’, Norfolk Archaeology 38, 235–79
Darling, M.J., with Gurney, S. 1993: Caister-on-Sea: Excavations by Charles Green 1951–1955, East Anglian Archaeology 60, Dereham
Davies, J.A. 19901991: ‘Excavations on the north wall, Caistor St Edmund, 1987–89’, Norfolk Archaeology 41(3), 325–37
Eaton, T. 2000: Plundering the Past, Stroud
Gallois, R.W. 1994: ‘Geology of the country around Kings Lynn and The Wash’, Mem. Geol. Surv. Gr. Br., London
Gurney, D. 1996: ‘The “Saxon Shore” in Norfolk’, in Margeson, S., Ayers, B. and Heywood, S. (eds), A Festival of Norfolk Archaeology, Norwich, 30–9
Hinchliffe, H., and Green, C.S. 1985: Excavations at Brancaster 1974 and 1977, East Anglian Archaeology 23, Dereham
James, T.B. (ed.) 2001: ‘Brancaster, St Mary's church’, in ‘Medieval Britain and Ireland 2000’, Medieval Archaeology 45, 301
Knowles, A.K. 1977: ‘The Roman settlement at Brampton, Norfolk: interim report’, Britannia 8, 211–13
Maxfield, V.A. (ed.) 1989: The Saxon Shore: a Handbook, Exeter
Pevsner, N., and Wilson, B. 2002: The Buildings of England. Norfolk 1: Norwich and North-East, New Haven and London
Potter, J.F. 1998: ‘The distribution of silcretes in the churches of the London Basin’, Proc. Geol. Ass. 109, 289304
Rose, E.J. 1994: ‘The church of Saint John the Baptist, Reedham, Norfolk: the re-use of Roman materials in a secondary context’, Journal British Archaeological Association 147, 18
Scott, E. 1993: A Gazetteer of Roman Villas in Britain, Leicester Archaeological Monograph 1, Leicester
Shaw, G., and Wheeler, D. 1985: Statistical Techniques in Geography, Chichester

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed