Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Early Roman Mosaic Materials in Southern Britain, with Particular Reference to Silchester (Calleva Atrebatum): a Regional Geological Perspective

  • J.R.L. Allen (a1) and M.G. Fulford (a1)

Extract

Mosaics represent one of the best known art forms in the Roman world. Their geometric patterns and designs, their figurative images, and their development through time have been extensively studied, and corpora have been assembled for certain provinces of the Empire. In Britain, the study of the surviving mosaics has led to the identification of certain late Roman ‘schools’ (stylistic groupings) of mosaics on the basis of shared stylistic attributes. Now it will be possible to place this work in a fuller context as the long-awaited corpus of all Roman mosaics known from Britain begins to appear. However, whereas the late mosaics undoubtedly show considerable regional distinctness, the position of the earliest work that pioneered the form in Britain is far less clear, perhaps because mosaics of the first and early second century A.D. are fewer and have excited much less interest.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Allen, J.R.L., and Fulford, M.G. 1996: ‘The distribution of South-East Dorset Category I pottery in South-West Britain’, Britannia 27, 223–81
Arkell, W.J. 1947: The Geology of the Country around Weymouth, Swanage, Corfe and Lulworth, Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain, London
Bidwell, P.T. 1979: The Legionary Bath-house and Basilica and Forum at Exeter, Exeter Archaeological Reports 1, Exeter
Boon, G.C. 1974: Silchester. The Roman Town of Calleva, Newton Abbot
Boon, G.C. 1986: ‘The design of the Backhall Street mosaic’, in Zienkiewicz, 1986, 273–6
Brewer, R.J. 2002: The Second Augustan Legion and the Roman Military Machine, Cardiff
Brigham, T. 2001a: ‘Excavations at Plantation Place, London’, Association for Roman Archaeology 10, 810
Brigham, T. 2001b: in MOLAS 2001. Annual Review for 2000, London, 26–7
Buckland, W., and De la Beche, H.T. 1835: ‘On the geology of the neighbourhood of Weymouth and the adjacent parts of the coast of Dorset’, Trans. Geol. Soc. (2)4, 146
Clarke, A., and Fulford, M.G. 2002: ‘The excavation of Insula IX, Silchester: the first five years of the “Town Life” project, 1997–2001’, Britannia 33, 129–66
Clausen, C.K., and Wignall, P.B. 1988: ‘Early Kimmeridgian bivalves of southern England’, Mesozoic Research 2, 97149
Cole, D.I. 1974: ‘Observations on a burning cliff’, Proc. Dorset Nat. Hist, and Archaeol. Soc. 96, 1619
Cunliffe, B. 1971a: Excavations at Fishbourne, 1961–9. Volume I: The Site, Society of Antiquaries, Reports of the Research Committee 26, London
Cunliffe, B. 1971b: Excavations at Fishbourne 1961–9. Volume II: The Finds, Society of Antiquaries, Reports of the Research Committee 27, London
Cunliffe, B. 1973: The Regni, London
Detsicas, A.P. 1963: ‘Excavations at Eccles, 1962: first interim report’, Arch. Cantiana 78, 125–41
Detsicas, A.P. 1964: ‘Excavations at Eccles, 1963: second interim report’, Arch. Cantiana 79, 121–36
Detsicas, A.P. 1965: ‘Excavations at Eccles, 1964: third interim report’, Arch. Cantiana 80, 6991
Detsicas, A.P. 1969: ‘Excavations at Eccles, 1968: seventh interim report’, Arch. Cantiana 84, 93106
Detsicas, A.P. 1977: ‘Excavations at Eccles, 1976: final interim report’, Arch. Cantiana 93, 55–9
Detsicas, A.P. 1987: The Cantiaci, Gloucester
Drummond-Murray, J., Thompson, P., and Cowan, C. 2002: Settlement in Roman Southwark. Archaeological Excavations (1991–8) from the London Underground Limited Jubilee Line Extension Project, Museum of London Archaeology Service Monograph 12, London
Dunbabin, K.M.D. 1999: Mosaics of the Greek and Roman World, Cambridge
Dunning, G.C. 1949: ‘The Purbeck marble industry in the Roman period’, Archaeological News Letter 1(11), 15
Evans, E. 2000: The Caerleon Canabae: Excavations in the Civil Settlement 1984–90, Britannia Monograph 16, London
Farrar, R.A.H. 1964: ‘The Romano-British site at Norden, Corfe Castle’, Proc. Dorset Nat. Hist, and Archaeol. Soc. 86, 116–17
Feistner, K.W.A. 1989: ‘Pétrographie examination and re-interpretation of concretionary carbonate horizons from the Kimmeridge Clay, Dorset’, Jour. Geol. Soc. Lond. 146, 345–50
Fox, G.E. 1894: ‘Excavations on the site of the Roman city at Silchester, Hants, in 1894’, Archaeologia 54(2), 439–94
Frere, S.S., and Fulford, M.G. 2002: ‘The collegium peregrinorum at Silchester’, Britannia 33, 167–76
Gallois, R.W. 1998: The Stratigraphy and Well-completion Reports for Swanworth Quarry No. 1 and No. 2 and Metherhills No. 1 Boreholes (RGGE Project), British Geological Survey Technical Report WA/97/91, Exeter
Goldring, R., Astin, T.R., Marshall, J.E.A., Gabbott, S., and Jenkins, C.D. 1998: ‘Towards an integrated study of the depositional environment of the Bencliff Grit (Upper Jurassic) of Dorset’, in Underhill, J.R. (ed.), Development, Evolution and Petroleum Geology of the Wessex Basin, Geological Society Special Publication 133, London, 355–72
Hollingworth, N.T. 1991: ‘Gastropods and scaphopods’, in Martill, D.M. and Hudson, J.D. (eds), Fossils of the Oxford Clay, London, 7885
House, M.R. 1993: Geology of the Dorset Coast (2nd edn), Geologists' Association Guide 22, London
Johnston, D.E. 1977: ‘The central-southern group of Romano-British mosaics’, in Munby, J. and Henig, M. (eds), Roman Life and Art in Britain, a Celebration in Honour of the Eightieth Birthday of Jocelyn Toynbee, British Archaeology Report 41(i), Oxford, 195215
Kendal, R. 1996: ‘Transport logistics associated with the building of Hadrian's Wall’, Britannia 27, 129–52
Knight, J.K. 2003: Caerleon Roman Fortress, Cardiff
Lawson, A. 1975: ‘Shale and jet objects from Silchester’, Archaeologia 105, 241–75
Ling, R. 1997: ‘Mosaics in Roman Britain: discoveries and research since 1945’, Britannia 28, 259–95
Ling, R. 1998: Ancient Mosaics, London
Macquaker, J.H.S., and Gawthorpe, R.L. 1993: ‘Mudstone lithofacies in the Kimmeridge Clay Formation, Wessex Basin, southern England: implications for the origin and controls of the distribution of mudstones’, Jour. Seditn. Petrol. 63, 1129–43
Morgans-Bell, H.S., Coe, A.L., Hesselbo, S.P., Jenkyns, H.C., Weedon, G.P., Marshall, J.E.A., Tyson, R.V., and Williams, C.J. 2001: ‘Integrated stratigraphy of the Kimmeridge Clay Formation (Upper Jurassic) based on exposures and boreholes in south Dorset, U.K.’, Geol. Mag. 138, 511–39
Nash-Williams, V.E. 1931: ‘The Roman legionary fortress at Caerleon in Monmouthshire: report on the excavations carried out in the Prysg field, 1927–9’, Arch. Cambrensis 86, 95157
Nash-Williams, V.E. 1932: ‘The Roman legionary fortress at Caerleon in Monmouthshire: report on the excavation carried out in the Prysg field, 1927–9’, Arch. Cambrensis 87, 48104, 265–349
Neal, D.S. 1981: Roman Mosaics in Britain, Britannia Monograph 1, London
Neal, D.S., and Cosh, S.R. 2002: Roman Mosaics of Britain. Vol. 1. Northern Britain incorporating the Midlands and East Anglia, London
Peacock, D.P.S., and Williams, D.F. 1995: ‘Ornamental coloured marble in Roman Britain: an interim report’, ASMOSIA IV. Actes de la IVème Conference Internationale, Bordeaux, Bordeaux, 353–7
Perring, D. 1991: Roman London, London
Perring, D., and Roskams, S., with Allen, P. 1991: Early Development of Roman London West of the Walbrook, The Archaeology of Roman London Vol. 2, London
Pritchard, F.A. 1986: ‘Ornamental stonework from Roman London’, Britannia, 17, 169–89
RCHME (Royal Commission on Historical Monuments, England) 1970: An Inventory of Historical Monuments in the County of Dorset II, South-east, pt 3, London
Rudkin, D. 1981: ‘Recent discoveries at Fishbourne Roman Palace’, Mosaic 4, 810
Scott, L. 1938: ‘The Roman villa at Angmering’, Sussex Archaeol. Coll. 79, 344
Scott, L. 1939: ‘Angmering Roman villa. Report on the excavations in 1938’, Sussex Archaeol. Coll. 80, 8992
Smith, D.J. 1965: ‘Three fourth-century schools of mosaic in Roman Britain’, La mosaïque Greco-romaine, Colloques internationaux du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Paris 1963, Paris, 95116
Smith, D.J. 1969: ‘The mosaic pavements’, in Rivet, A.L.F. (ed.), The Roman Villa in Britain, London, 71125
Smith, D.J. 1975: ‘Roman mosaics in Britain before the fourth century’, La mosaïque Greco-romaine, IIe Colloque international pour l'étude de la mosaïque antique, Vienne 1971, Paris, 269–90
Smith, D.J. 1979: ‘Fragments of mosaic from the legionary baths’, in Bidwell, P.T., The Legionary Bath-House and Basilica and Forum at Exeter, Exeter Archaeological Reports 1, Exeter, 132–4
Smith, D.J. 1984: ‘Roman mosaics in Britain: a synthesis’, Colloquio internationale sul mosaico antico, Ravenna 1980, Ravenna, 357–80
St John Hope, W.H., and Fox, G.E. 1896: ‘Excavations on the site of the Roman city at Silchester, Hants, in 1895’, Archaeologia 55, 215–55
St John Hope, W.H., and Fox, G.E. 1899: ‘Excavations on the site of the Roman city at Silchester, Hants, in 1898’, Archaeologia 58, 229–50
Sunter, N. 1986: ‘Excavation at Norden’, in Woodward, P.J. (ed.), Romano-British Industries in Purbeck, Dorset Natural History and Archaeological Society Monograph 6, Dorchester, 943, 180–4
Thomas, C. 1986: ‘The worked stone’, in Woodward, P.J. (ed.), Romano-British Industries in Purbeck, Dorchester Natural History and Archaeological Society Monograph 6, Dorchester, 30–13, 180–4
Wacher, J.S. 1995: The Towns of Roman Britain (rev. edn), London
Wignall, P.B. 1990: ‘Benthic palaeoecology of the late Jurassic Kimmeridge Clay of England’, Special Papers in Palaeontology 43, 174
Williams, D.F. 2002: ‘Purbeck marble in Roman and medieval Britain’, in Hinton, D.A. (ed.), Purbeck Papers, University of Southampton Department of Archaeology Monograph 4, 126–31
Wilson, A.E. 1947: ‘Angmering Roman villa’, Sussex Archaeol. Coll. 86, 121
Woodward, R.J. 1986: ‘The excavation of a Late Iron-Age settlement and Romano-British industrial site at Ower, Dorset’, in Woodward, R.J. (ed.), Romano-British Industries in Purbeck, Dorset Natural History and Archaeological Society Monograph 6, Dorchester, 44124, 180–4
Zienkiewicz, J.D. 1986: The Legionary Fortress Baths at Caerleon, Cardiff

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed