Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Creature Comforts at Vindolanda: Two Unique Wool Mats with Knotted Pile

  • John Peter Wild (a1) and Penelope Walton Rogers (a2)

Abstract

Fragments of two robust wool textiles with an unusual knotted blue pile were recovered from a Period I (late Flavian) fort ditch at Vindolanda. Their knotted structure — unknown hitherto in the western Roman provinces and only partially paralleled in the eastern — is discussed, together with questions about their possible production centre and actual function. The Supplementary Material available online (https://doi.org/10.1017/S0068113X18000259) contains technical details of the textiles, an investigation of the raw materials and a comparison of the wools used.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Barkova, L. 1999: ‘The Pazyryk – fifty years on’, Hali 107, 64–9, 110
Birley, A.R. 2009: ‘Some writing-tablets excavated at Vindolanda in 2001, 2002 and 2003’, Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik 170, 265–93
Birley, A.R., Birley, A., and De Bernardo Stempel, P. 2013: ‘A dedication by the Cohors I Tungrorum at Vindolanda to a hitherto unknown goddess’, Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik 186, 287300
Birley, R.E. 1994: The Early Wooden Forts, Vindolanda Research Reports New Series I, Bardon Mill
Birley, R.E. 2009: Vindolanda: A Roman Frontier Fort on Hadrian's Wall, Stroud
Cardon, D. 1998: ‘Neolithic textiles, matting and cordage from Charavines, Lake of Paladru, France’, in Jørgensen, L.B. and Rinaldo, C. (eds), Textiles in European Archaeology: Report from the 6th NESAT-Symposium, 711th May 1996 in Borås, Göteborg, 3–21
Cardon, D. 2003: Le Monde des teintures naturelles, Paris
Crowfoot, E., and Adams, N. 2011: Qasr Ibrim: The Textiles from the Cathedral Cemetery, London
Crummy, P. 1984: Excavations at Lion Walk, Balkerne Gate and Middleborough, Colchester, Essex, Colchester Archaeological Report 3, Colchester
Fujii, H., Sakamoto, K., and Ichihashi, N. 1989: ‘Textiles from the At-Tar caves, Part I: Cave 12, Hill C’, Al-Rāfidān 10, 109–66
Greene, K.T. 1977: ‘Legionary pottery and the significance of Holt’, in Dore, J. and Greene, K.T. (eds), Roman Pottery Studies in Britain and Beyond: Papers Presented to J.P. Gillam, July 1977, BAR International Series 30, Oxford, 113–32
Iyer, S.V. 2015: ‘A weft beater from Niya: making a case for the local production of carpets in ancient Cadhota (2nd to mid-4th century CE)’, V & A Online Journal 7, Summer 2017 (unpaginated)
Ogawa, Y., and Naruse, N. 1976: ‘Textiles and allied materials’, in Fujii, H. (ed.), Al-Tar I: Excavations in Iraq, 1971–1974, Tokyo, 120201
Rast-Eicher, A. 1992: ‘Die Entwicklung der Webstühle vom Neolithikum bis zum Mittelalter’, Helvetia Archaeologica 90, 5670
Rast-Eicher, A. 2015: ‘Vom Fischernetz zum Kinderhut – neolithische und bronzezeitliche Gewebe und Geflechte’, Archäologie der Schweiz 38, 1623
Rast-Eicher, A., and Dietrich, A. 2015: Neolithische und Bronzezeitliche Gewebe und Geflechte: Die Funde aus den Seeufersiedlungen im Kanton Zürich, Monographien der Kantonsarchäologie Zürich 46, Zürich and Egg
Rudenko, S.I. 1970: Frozen Tombs of Siberia, London
Ryder, M.L. 1983: Sheep and Man, London
Sakamoto, K. 1985: ‘Ancient pile techniques from the At-Tar caves in Iraq’, Oriental Carpet and Textile Studies 1, 917
Stein, A. 1921: Serindia: Detailed Report of Explorations in Central Asia and Westernmost China, Oxford
Tab. Vindol. II: Bowman, A.K. and Thomas, J.D. (eds), The Vindolanda Writing Tablets (Tabulae Vindolandenses II), London, 1994
Tattersall, C.E.C. 1949: Notes on Carpet-Knotting and Weaving, London
Thomson, C. 2013: A Roman Woollen Mat from Vindolanda Fort, unpub. dissertation, Association of Guilds of Weavers, Spinners and Dyers
Walton Rogers, P. 1995: ‘The raw materials of textiles from northern Germany and the Netherlands’, Probleme der Küstenforschung im südlichen Nordseegebiet 23, 389400
Wild, J.P. 1970: Textile Manufacture in the Northern Roman Provinces, Cambridge
Wild, J.P. 1993: ‘Vindolanda 1985–1988: the textiles’, in Birley, R.E. (ed.), The Early Wooden Forts: Preliminary Reports on the Leather, Textiles, Environmental Evidence and Dendrochronology, Vindolanda Research Reports NS III, Bardon Mill
Wild, J.P. 2002: ‘The textile industries of Roman Britain’, Britannia 33, 142
Wild, J.P. 2013: ‘The first Indian carpets – a view from Berenike’, in De Moor, A. and Fluck, C. (eds), Drawing the Threads Together: Textiles and Footwear of the First Millennium AD from Egypt, Tielt, 7485
Wild, J.P., and Walton Rogers, P. 2007: ‘A knotted-pile mat from the Roman fort at Vindolanda near Hadrian's Wall’, in Rast-Eicher, A. and Windler, R. (eds), Archäologische Textilfunde: Archaeological Textiles, NESAT XI, Ennenda, 71–8

Keywords

Type Description Title
PDF
Supplementary materials

Wild and Walton Rogers supplementary material
Wild and Walton Rogers supplementary material 1

 PDF (524 KB)
524 KB

Creature Comforts at Vindolanda: Two Unique Wool Mats with Knotted Pile

  • John Peter Wild (a1) and Penelope Walton Rogers (a2)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed