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Preparing Adolescents for Life after School (PALS) Project: A Randomised Controlled Trial of a Coaching Intervention for Young People with Acquired Brain Injury

  • Robyn L. Tate (a1), Michelle Genders (a1), Cheryl Soo (a2), Ulrike Rosenkoetter (a1), Margaret Dunn (a1) and Rachel Briggs (a1)...


Introduction: Existing resources to support adolescents with acquired brain injury (ABI) in transition from school to the ‘adult world’ are variable. This study evaluated an intervention using a coaching approach to support adolescents during this transition phase.

Method: The study design was a parallel-group randomised controlled trial (RCT). Participants (n = 43) aged 14–19 years were randomised to intervention (n = 21) or no-intervention control (n = 21) conditions. The intervention group received six coaching sessions over an average of 22 weeks. Outcome measures evaluated changes reported by the adolescent (satisfaction, emotional functioning and hope) and their parent (participation, behaviour and support needs).

Results: Relative to baseline, there was no significant improvement for those in the intervention group in comparison to the control group on any of the outcome measures.

Conclusion: The results of this RCT do not support coaching as an intervention for adolescents with ABI.


Corresponding author

Address for correspondence: Professor Robyn Tate, John Walsh Centre for Rehabilitation Research, Level 12, Kolling Institute of Medical Research, Royal North Shore Hospital, Pacific Highway, St Leonards, Australia. Email:


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Preparing Adolescents for Life after School (PALS) Project: A Randomised Controlled Trial of a Coaching Intervention for Young People with Acquired Brain Injury

  • Robyn L. Tate (a1), Michelle Genders (a1), Cheryl Soo (a2), Ulrike Rosenkoetter (a1), Margaret Dunn (a1) and Rachel Briggs (a1)...


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