1American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders – DSM-IV (4th edn). American Psychiatric Association, 2013.
2Johnson, CP, Myers, SM. Identification and evaluation of children with autism spectrum disorders. Pediatrics 2007; 120: 1183–215.
4Robins, DL, Casagrande, K, Barton, M, Chen, CM, Dumont-Mathieu, T, Fein, D. Validation of the modified checklist for autism in toddlers, revised with follow-up (M-CHAT-R/F). Pediatrics 2014; 133: 37–45.
5McPheeters, ML, Weitlauf, A, Vehorn, A, Taylor, C, Sathe, NA, Krishnaswami, S, et al. U.S. Preventive Services Task Force Evidence Syntheses, formerly Systematic Evidence Reviews. Screening for Autism Spectrum Disorder in Young Children: A Systematic Evidence Review for the US Preventive Services Task Force. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, 2016.
6Andermann, A, Blancquaert, I, Beauchamp, S, Dery, V. Revisiting Wilson and Jungner in the genomic age: a review of screening criteria over the past 40 years. Bull World Health Organ 2008; 86: 317–9.
7Berument, SK, Rutter, M, Lord, C, Pickles, A, Bailey, A. Autism screening questionnaire: diagnostic validity. Br J Psychiatry 1999; 175: 444–51.
8Magnus, P, Birke, C, Vejrup, K, Haugan, A, Alsaker, E, Daltveit, AK, et al. Cohort profile update: the Norwegian mother and child cohort study (MoBa). Int J Epidemiol 2016; 45: 382–8.
9Stoltenberg, C, Schjolberg, S, Bresnahan, M, Hornig, M, Hirtz, D, Dahl, C, et al. The Autism Birth Cohort: a paradigm for gene-environment-timing research. Mol Psychiatry 2010; 15: 676–80.
10Lord, C, Rutter, M, Le Couteur, A. Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised: a revised version of a diagnostic interview for caregivers of individuals with possible pervasive developmental disorders. J Autism Dev Disord 1994; 24: 659–85.
11Corsello, C, Hus, V, Pickles, A, Risi, S, Cook, EH Jr, Leventhal, BL, et al. Between a ROC and a hard place: decision making and making decisions about using the SCQ. J Child Psychol Psychiatry 2007; 48: 932–40.
12Moody, EJ, Reyes, N, Ledbetter, C, Wiggins, L, DiGuiseppi, C, Alexander, A, et al. Screening for autism with the SRS and SCQ: variations across demographic, developmental and behavioral factors in preschool children. J Autism Dev Disord 2017; 47: 3550–61.
13Barnard-Brak, L, Brewer, A, Chesnut, S, Richman, D, Schaeffer, AM. The sensitivity and specificity of the social communication questionnaire for autism spectrum with respect to age. Autism Res 2016; 9: 838–45.
14Suren, P, Bakken, IJ, Aase, H, Chin, R, Gunnes, N, Lie, KK, et al. Autism spectrum disorder, ADHD, epilepsy, and cerebral palsy in Norwegian children. Pediatrics 2012; 130: e152–8.
15Lord, C, Risi, S, Lambrecht, L, Cook, EH Jr, Leventhal, BL, DiLavore, PC, et al. The autism diagnostic observation schedule-generic: a standard measure of social and communication deficits associated with the spectrum of autism. J Autism Dev Disord 2000; 30: 205–23.
16American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th edn), Text Revision. American Psychiatric Association, 2000.
17World Health Organization. International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems 10th Revision. World Health Organization, 1990.
18Hunink, M, Glasziou, P, Siegel, J, Weeks, J, Pliskin, J, Elstein, A, et al. Decision Making in Health and Medicine. Cambridge University Press, 2001.
19Soreide, K, Korner, H, Soreide, JA. Diagnostic accuracy and receiver-operating characteristics curve analysis in surgical research and decision making. Ann Surg 2011; 253: 27–34.
20Carter, JV, Pan, J, Rai, SN, Galandiuk, S. ROC-ing along: Evaluation and interpretation of receiver operating characteristic curves. Surgery 2016; 159: 1638–45.
21Lai, MC, Lombardo, MV, Chakrabarti, B, Baron-Cohen, S. Subgrouping the autism ‘spectrum’: reflections on DSM-5. PLoS Biol 2013; 11: e1001544.
22Havdahl, KA, Bishop, SL, Suren, P, Oyen, AS, Lord, C, Pickles, A, et al. The influence of parental concern on the utility of autism diagnostic instruments. Autism Res 2017; 10: 1672–86.
23Evans, DW, Leckman, JF, Carter, A, Reznick, JS, Henshaw, D, King, RA, et al. Ritual, habit, and perfectionism: the prevalence and development of compulsive-like behavior in normal young children. Child Dev 1997; 68: 58–68.
24Stenberg, N, Bresnahan, M, Gunnes, N, Hirtz, D, Hornig, M, Lie, KK, et al. Identifying children with autism spectrum disorder at 18 months in a general population sample. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 2014; 28: 255–62.
25Constantino, JN, Todd, RD. Autistic traits in the general population: a twin study. Arch Gen Psychiatry 2003; 60: 524–30.
26Reiersen, AM. Early identification of autism spectrum disorder: is diagnosis by age 3 a reasonable goal? J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2017; 56: 284–5.