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Brain drain

  • Rachel Jenkins (a1)

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In this issue, three papers discuss the issue of the brain drain: of psychiatrists from Egypt and Nigeria, and of nurses from East Africa. They explore the complexities of professional migration and its impact on the health of populations in source and recipient countries; they also review how recommendations for changes in policy and practice might influence the so-called ‘push’ and ‘pull’ factors that aggravate the brain drain.

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Copyright

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

References

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Chen, L., Evans, T., Anand, S., et al (2004) Human resources for health: overcoming the crisis. Lancet, 364, 19841990.
Council on Health Research for Development (2006) From Brain Drain to Brain Gain. COHRED. Available at http://www.cohred.org/perspectives/from-brain-drain-to-brain-gain (accessed June 2016).
Eastwood, J. B., Conroy, R. E., Naicker, S., et al (2005) Loss of health professionals from sub Saharan Africa: the pivotal role of the UK. Lancet, 365, 18931900.
House of Commons International Development Committee (2004) Migration and Development: How to Make Migration Work for Poverty Reduction. Sixth Report of Session 2003–2004. Volume 1. Report Together With Formal Minutes. TSO.
Jenkins, R., Kydd, R., Mullen, P., et al (2010) International migration of doctors, and its impact on availability of psychiatrists in low income countries. PLOS One, 5(2), e9049. doi: http://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0009049.
Kirigia, J., Akpa Gbary, L. M., Nyoni, J., et al (2006) The cost of health professionals brain drain in Kenya. BMC Health Services Research, 6, 89.
Mackey, T. K. & Liang, B. A. (2013) Restructuring brain drain: strengthening governance and financing for health worker migration. Global Health Action, 6, 17.
Mensah, K., Mackintosh, M. & Henry, L. (2005) The ‘Skills Drain’ of Health Professionals from the Developing World: A Framework for Policy Formulation. MEDACT.
World Health Organization (2006) Health workers: a global profile. In The World Health Report 2006 – Working Together For Health. WHO. Available at http://www.who.int/whr/2006/whr06_en.pdf (accessed June 2016).
World Health Organization (2010) WHO Global Code of Practice on the International Recruitment of Health Personnel. WHO. Available at http://apps.who.int/gb/ebwha/pdf_files/WHA63/A63_R16-en.pdf (accessed June 2016).

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Brain drain

  • Rachel Jenkins (a1)
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