Aggarwal, VR, McBeth, J, Zakrzewska, JM et al (2006) The epidemiology of chronic syndromes that are frequently unexplained: do they have common associated factors?
International Journal of Epidemiology, 35: 468–76.
Ainsworth, MDS, Bell, SM (1970) Attachment, exploration, and separation: illustrated by the behavior of one-year-olds in a strange situation. Child Development, 41: 49–67.
Bakermans-Kranenburg, MJ, van IJzendoorn, MH (2009) The first 10,000 Adult Attachment Interviews: distributions of adult attachment representations in clinical and non-clinical groups. Attachment & Human Development, 11: 223–63.
Bartholomew, K, Horowitz, LM (1991) Attachment styles among young adults: a test of a four-category model. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 61: 226–44.
Bass, C, Glaser, D (2014a) Early recognition and management of fabricated or induced illness in children. Lancet, 383: 1412–21.
Bass, C, Acosta, C, Adshead, G et al (2014b) Fabrication and induction of illness in children. In Clinical Topics in Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (ed Huline-Dickens, S): 10–25. RCPsych Publications.
Bohlmeijer, E, Prenger, R, Taal, E et al (2010) The effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction therapy on mental health of adults with a chronic medical disease: a meta-analysis. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 68: 539–44.
Brennan, KA, Clark, CL, Shaver, PR (1998) Self-report measurement of adult attachment: an integrative overview. In Attachment Theory and Close Relationships (eds Simpson, JA, Rholes, WS) 46–76. Guilford Press.
Ciechanowski, PS, Katon, WJ, Russo, JE et al (2001) The patient–provider relationship: attachment theory and adherence to treatment in diabetes. American Journal of Psychiatry, 158: 29–35.
Ciechanowski, PS, Walker, EA, Katon, WJ et al (2002) Attachment theory: a model for health care utilization and somatization. Psychosomatic Medicine, 64: 660–7.
Ciechanowski, P, Sullivan, M, Jensen, M et al (2003) The relationship of attachment style to depression, catastrophizing and health care utilization in patients with chronic pain. Pain, 104: 627–37.
Ciechanowski, P, Russo, J, Katon, W et al (2004) Influence of patient attachment style on self-care and outcomes in diabetes. Psychosomatic Medicine, 66: 720–8.
Ciechanowski, P, Russo, J, Katon, W et al (2006a) The association of patient relationship style and outcomes in collaborative care treatment for depression in patients with diabetes. Medical Care, 44: 283–91.
Ciechanowski, P, Katon, W (2006b) The interpersonal experience of health care through the eyes of patients with diabetes. Social Science & Medicine, 63: 3067–79.
Craig, TKJ, Cox, AD, Klein, K (2002) Intergenerational transmission of somatization behaviour: a study of chronic somatizers and their children. Psychological Medicine, 3: 805–16.
Creed, F, Barksi, A, Leiknes, KA (2011a) Epidemiology: prevalence, causes and consequences. In Medically Unexplained Symptoms, Somatisation and Bodily Distress: Developing Better Clinical Services (eds Creed, F, Henningsen, P, Fink, P) 1–42. Cambridge University Press.
Creed, F, Kroenke, K, Henningsen, P et al (2011b) Evidence-based treatment. In Medically Unexplained Symptoms, Somatisation and Bodily Distress: Developing Better Clinical Services (eds Creed, F, Henningsen, P, Fink, P) 69–96. Cambridge University Press.
Dalgleish, T (2004) The emotional brain. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 5: 583–9.
Damasio, AR, Everitt, BJ, Bishop, D (1996) The somatic marker hypothesis and the possible functions of the prefrontal cortex. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences, 351: 1413–20.
Davies, KA, Macfarlane, GJ, McBeth, J et al (2009) Insecure attachment style is associated with chronic widespread pain. Pain, 143: 200–5.
Eriksen, TE, Kirkengen, AL, Vetlesen, AJ (2013) The medically unexplained revisited. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy, 16: 587–600.
Fraley, RC, Waller, NG, Brennan, KA (2000) An item response theory analysis of self-report measures of adult attachment. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 78: 350–65.
George, C, Kaplan, N, Main, M (1985) Adult Attachment Interview. Department of Psychology, University of California.
Groves, J (1978) Taking care of the hateful patient. New England Journal of Medicine, 298: 883–7.
Gwee, KA, Read, NW, Graham, JC et al (1996) Psychometric scores and persistence of irritable bowel after infectious diarrhoea. Lancet, 347: 150–3.
Hamilton, WT, Gallagher, AM, Thomas, JM et al (2009) Risk markers for both chronic fatigue and irritable bowel syndromes: a prospective case– control study in primary care. Psychological Medicine, 39: 1913–21.
Hartman, TO, Blankenstein, N, Molenaar, B et al (2013) NHG guideline on medically unexplained symptoms (MUS). Huisarts & Wetenscap, 56: 222–30.
Hesse, E (2008) The Adult Attachment Interview: protocol, method of analysis, and empirical studies. In Handbook of Attachment: Theory, Research, and Clinical Applications (2nd edn) (eds Cassidy, J, Shaver, P) 552–98. Guilford Press.
Hillen, MA, De Haes, HC, Stalpers, LJ et al (2014) How attachment style and locus of control influence patients' trust in their oncologist. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 76: 221–6.
Hobson, RF (1985) Forms of Feeling: The Heart of Psychotherapy. Routledge.
Holwerda, N, Sanderman, R, Pool, G et al (2013) Do patients trust their physician? The role of attachment style in the patient–physician relationship within one year after a cancer diagnosis. Acta Oncologica, 52: 110–7.
Hunter, JJ, Maunder, RG (2001) Using attachment theory to understand illness behavior. General Hospital Psychiatry, 23: 177–82.
Kooiman, CG (1998) The status of alexithymia as a risk factor in medically unexplained physical symptoms. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 39: 152–9.
Little, P, Somerville, J, Williamson, I et al (2001) Family influences in a cross-sectional survey of higher child attendance. British Journal of General Practice, 51: 977–82.
Ma, K (2006) Attachment theory in adult psychiatry. Part 1: Conceptualisations, measurement and clinical research findings. Advances in Psychiatric Treatment, 12: 440–9.
Marshall, T, Jones, DPH, Ramchandani, PG et al (2007) Intergenerational transmission of health beliefs in somatoform disorders: exploratory study. British Journal of Psychiatry, 191: 449–50.
Maunder, RG, Lancee, WJ, Hunter, JJ et al (2005) Attachment insecurity moderates the relationship between disease activity and depressive symptoms in ulcerative colitis. Inflammatory Bowel Diseases, 11: 919–26.
Maunder, RG, Panzer, A, Viljoen, M et al (2006) Physicians‘ difficulty with emergency department patients is related to patients’ attachment style. Social Science & Medicine, 63: 552–62.
Maunder, RG, Hunter, JJ (2008) Attachment relationships as determinants of physical health. Journal of the American Academy of Psychoanalysis and Dynamic Psychiatry, 36: 11–32.
Meredith, P, Ownsworth, T, Strong, J (2008) A review of the evidence linking adult attachment theory and chronic pain: presenting a conceptual model. Clinical Psychology Review, 28: 407–29.
Norman, RE, Byambaa, M, De, R et al (2012) The long-term health consequences of child physical abuse, emotional abuse, and neglect: a systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS Medicine, 9 (11): e1001349.
O'Dowd, TC (1988) Five years of heartsink patients in general practice. BMJ, 297: 528–30.
Parker, G, Tupling, H, Brown, LB (1979) Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI). British Journal of Medical Psychology, 52: 1–10.
Raque-Bogdan, TL, Ericson, SK, Jackson, J et al (2011) Attachment and mental and physical health: self-compassion and mattering as mediators. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 58: 272–8.
Ravitz, P, Maunder, R, Hunter, J et al (2010) Adult attachment measures: a 25-year review. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 69: 419–32.
Roisman, GI, Holland, A, Fortuna, K et al (2007) The Adult Attachment Interview and self-reports of attachment style: an empirical rapprochement. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 92: 678–97.
Rossi, P, Di Lorenzo, G, Malpezzi, MG et al (2005) Depressive symptoms and insecure attachment as predictors of disability in a clinical population of patients with episodic and chronic migraine. Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain, 45: 561–70.
Salmon, P, Wissow, L, Carroll, J et al (2008) Doctors' attachment style and their inclination to propose somatic interventions for medically unexplained symptoms. General Hospital Psychiatry, 30: 104–11.
Schore, AN (2001) The effects of early relational trauma on right brain development, affect regulation, and infant mental health. Infant Mental Health Journal, 22: 201–69.
Sharpe, M, Stone, J, Hibberd, C et al (2010) Neurology outpatients with symptoms unexplained by disease: illness beliefs and financial benefits predict 1 year outcome. Psychological Medicine, 40: 689–98.
Smith, L, Gasser, M (2005) The development of embodied cognition: six lessons from babies. Artificial Life, 11: 13–29.
Stone, J, Carson, A, Duncan, R et al (2009) Symptoms unexplained by organic disease in 1144 new neurology outpatients: how often does the diagnosis change at follow-up?
Brain, 132: 2878–88.
Taylor, RE, Mann, AH, White, NJ et al (2000) Attachment style in patients with unexplained physical complaints. Psychological Medicine, 30: 931–41.
Taylor, RE, Marshall, T, Mann, A et al (2012) Insecure attachment and frequent attendance in primary care: a longitudinal cohort study of medically unexplained symptom presentations in ten UK general practices. Psychological Medicine, 42: 855–64.
Tomenson, B, Essau, C, Jacobi, F et al (2013) Total somatic symptom score as a predictor of health outcome in somatic symptom disorders. British Journal of Psychiatry, 203: 373–80.
Waldinger, RJ, Schulz, MS, Barsky, AJ et al (2006) Mapping the road from childhood trauma to adult somatization: the role of attachment. Psychosomatic Medicine, 68: 129–35.
Waller, E, Scheidt, CE, Hartmann, A (2004) Attachment representation and illness behavior in somatoform disorders. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 192: 200–9.
Weich, S, Patterson, J, Shaw, R et al (2009) Family relationships in childhood and common psychiatric disorders in later life: systematic review of prospective studies. British Journal of Psychiatry, 194: 392–8.