Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-846f6c7c4f-x6crq Total loading time: 0.216 Render date: 2022-07-06T14:22:18.263Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "useRatesEcommerce": false, "useNewApi": true } hasContentIssue

Update on hypnotherapy for psychiatrists

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  07 September 2021

Natalie A. Chan
Affiliation:
Research assistant in the Department of Psychological Medicine at the National University of Singapore. She is pursuing her medical studies in the Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health at the University of Sheffield, UK.
Zhisong Zhang
Affiliation:
Associate Professor in the Faculty of Education at Huaibei Normal University, China. He is a hypnotherapist.
Guoxing Yin
Affiliation:
Assistant Professor in the Faculty of Education at Huaibei Normal University, China. He has special interest in hypnotherapy.
Zhimeng Li
Affiliation:
Assistant Professor in the Faculty of Education at Huaibei Normal University, China. He has special interest in hypnotherapy.
Roger C. Ho*
Affiliation:
Associate Professor in the Department of Psychological Medicine at the National University of Singapore. He is an academic psychiatrist and a Fellow of the Royal College of Psychiatrists.
*
Correspondence Roger C. Ho. Email: pcmrhcm@nus.edu.sg

Summary

Although hypnosis has played a part in psychotherapy for a long time, it is not yet seen as an evidence-based therapy and is absent from many practice guidelines when it comes to the treatment of psychiatric disorders. At present, the applications and methods of hypnotherapy are poorly understood and other methods of psychotherapy tend to be favoured. This review article aims to introduce the role of hypnotherapy and its application for certain common psychiatric presentations, as well as examine its efficacy by summarising recent evidence from high-quality outcome studies and meta-analyses.

Type
Article
Copyright
Copyright © The Author(s), 2021. Published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of the Royal College of Psychiatrists

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Abramowitz, E, Barak, Y, Ben-Avi, I, et al. (2008) Hypnotherapy in the treatment of chronic combat-related PTSD patients suffering from insomnia: a randomized, zolpidem-controlled clinical trial. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 56: 270–80.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Alladin, A, Alibhai, A (2007) Cognitive hypnotherapy for depression: an empirical investigation. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 55: 147–66.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Alladin, A (2010) Evidence-based hypnotherapy for depression. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 58: 165–85.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Alladin, A (2014) The wounded self: new approach to understanding and treating anxiety disorders. American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, 56: 368–88.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Alladin, A, Amundson, J (2016) Cognitive hypnotherapy as a transdiagnostic protocol for emotional disorders. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 64: 147–66.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
American Psychological Association, Division of Psychological Hypnosis (1993) Hypnosis. Psychological Hypnosis, 2: 15.Google Scholar
Bachner-Melman, R, Lev-Ari, L, Levin, R, et al. (2016) Think yourself thin: concern for appropriateness mediates the link between hypnotizability and disordered eating. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 64: 225–38.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Baker, EL, Nash, MR (1987) Applications of hypnosis in the treatment of anorexia nervosa. American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, 29: 185–93.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Barabasz, M (1991) Hypnotizability in bulimia. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 10: 117–20.3.0.CO;2-T>CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bryant, RA, Guthrie, RM, Moulds, ML (2001) Hypnotizability in acute stress disorder. American Journal of Psychiatry, 158: 600–4.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Bryant, RA, Moulds, ML, Guthrie, RM, et al. (2005) The additive benefit of hypnosis and cognitive-behavioral therapy in treating acute stress disorder. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 73: 334–40.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Butler, LD, Waelde, LC, Hastings, TA, et al. (2008) Meditation with yoga, group therapy with hypnosis, and psychoeducation for long-term depressed mood: a randomized pilot trial. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 64: 806–20.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Chamine, I, Atchley, R, Oken, BS (2018) Hypnosis intervention effects on sleep outcomes: a systematic review. Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine, 14: 271–83.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Chen, PY, Liu, YM, Chen, M L (2017) The effect of hypnosis on anxiety in patients with cancer: a meta-analysis. Worldviews on Evidence Based Nursing, 14: 223–36.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Daitch, C (2018) Cognitive behavioral therapy, mindfulness, and hypnosis as treatment methods for generalized anxiety disorder. American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, 61: 5769.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Dobbin, A, Maxwell, M, Elton, R (2009) A benchmarked feasibility study of a self-hypnosis treatment for depression in primary care. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 57: 293318.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Elkins, GR, Barabasz, AF, Council, JR, et al. (2015) Advancing research and practice: the revised APA division 30 definition of hypnosis. American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, 57: 378–85.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Elkins, G (2021) Hypnotizability: emerging perspectives and research. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 69: 16.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Fuhr, K, Meisner, C, Broch, A, et al. (2021) Efficacy of hypnotherapy compared to cognitive-behavioural therapy for mild-to-moderate depression: results of a randomised controlled rater-blind clinical trial. Journal of Affective Disorders, 286: 166–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gantt, L, Tinnin, LW (2007) Intensive trauma therapy of PTSD and dissociation: an outcome study. The Arts in Psychotherapy, 34: 6980.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Goldberg, B (2006) The Complete Manual of Self-Hypnosis. Harbin Press [in Chinese].Google Scholar
Graci, GM, Hardie, JC (2007) Evidenced-based hypnotherapy for the management of sleep disorders. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 55: 288302.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Griffiths, RA, Hadzi-Pavlovic, D, Channon-Little, L (1994) A controlled evaluation of hypnobehavioural treatment for bulimia nervosa: immediate pre–post treatment effects. European Eating Disorders Review, 2: 202–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Griffiths, RA (1995) Two-year follow-up findings of hypnobehavioural treatment for bulimia nervosa. Australian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 23: 135–44.Google Scholar
Griffiths, RA, Hadzi-Pavlovic, D, Channon-Little, L (1996) The short-term follow-up effects of hypnobehavioural and cognitive behavioural treatment for bulimia nervosa. European Eating Disorders Review, 4: 1231.3.0.CO;2-Q>CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jiang, H, White, MP, Greicius, MD, et al. (2017) Brain activity and functional connectivity associated with hypnosis. Cerebral Cortex, 27: 4083–93.Google ScholarPubMed
Lam, TH, Chung, KF, Yeung, YF, et al. (2015) Hypnotherapy for insomnia: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 23: 719–32.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Lam, TH, Chung, KF, Lee, CT, et al. (2018) Hypnotherapy for insomnia: a randomized controlled trial comparing generic and disease-specific suggestions. Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 41: 231–9.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Landry, M, Lifshitz, M, Raz, A (2017) Brain correlates of hypnosis: a systematic review and meta-analytic exploration. Neuroscience and Behavioural Reviews, 81: 7598.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
McGill, O (2010) The Bible of Hypnosis. Jilin Culture and History Press [in Chinese].Google Scholar
Milling, LS, Valentine, KE, McCarley, HS, et al. (2019) A meta-analysis of hypnotic interventions for depression symptoms: high hopes for hypnosis? American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, 61: 227–43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
O'Toole, SK, Solomon, SL, Bergdahl, SA (2016) A meta-analysis of hypnotherapeutic techniques in the treatment of PTSD symptoms. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 29: 97100.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Poon, MW (2009) Hypnosis for complex trauma survivors: four case studies. American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, 51: 263–71.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Radovancević, L (2009) Doprinos pionira hipnoterapije – Dr. Franza Antona Mesmera u povijesti psihoterapije i medicine [The tribute of the pioneer of hypnotherapy – Franz Anton Mesmer, MD, PhD in the history of psychotherapy and medicine]. Acta Medico-Historica Adriatica, 7: 4960.Google Scholar
Rotaru, TS, Rusu, A (2016) A meta-analysis for the efficacy of hypnotherapy in alleviating PTSD symptoms. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 64: 116–36.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Spinhoven, P (1987) Hypnosis and behavior therapy: a review. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 35: 831.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Tai, Q (2005) Hypnosis: A Wonderful Psychological Therapy. Social Sciences Academic Press [in Chinese].Google Scholar
Tai, Q (2007) Hypnotic Therapy Handwritten Notes. Social Sciences Academic Press [in Chinese].Google Scholar
Tezcan, B, Ademoğlu, D, Can, M, et al. (2021) A randomised clinical trial on the effect of hypnosis on anxiety and pain in rigid cystoscopy patients. Journal of Endourology, 35: 4753.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Valentine, KE, Milling, LS, Clark, LJ, et al. (2019) The efficacy of hypnosis as a treatment for anxiety: a meta-analysis. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 67: 336–63.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Wahbeh, H, Senders, A, Neuendorf, R, et al. (2014) Complementary and alternative medicine for posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms: a systematic review. Journal of Evidence-Based Complementary & Alternative Medicine, 19(3): 161–75. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1177/2156587214525403.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Submit a response

eLetters

No eLetters have been published for this article.

Save article to Kindle

To save this article to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Update on hypnotherapy for psychiatrists
Available formats
×

Save article to Dropbox

To save this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Update on hypnotherapy for psychiatrists
Available formats
×

Save article to Google Drive

To save this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Update on hypnotherapy for psychiatrists
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *