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Symmetries of bilingual language switch costs in conflicting versus non-conflicting contexts

  • CONG LIU (a1), LU JIAO (a2), ZIYI WANG (a1), MENGXING WANG (a1), RUIMING WANG (a1) and YAN JING WU (a3)...

Abstract

Previous studies have demonstrated that language switching in bilinguals can be affected by a number of variables, including the processing context. Here, we used a modified language-switching task combined with a Stroop paradigm, which manipulated the context of the task, to examine the impact of processing context on switch costs. The results of both Experiment 1 and Experiment 2 showed that the switch costs and the level of asymmetry in the switch costs are larger in the conflicting context than in the non-conflicting context, suggesting that the processing context affects the switch costs. In addition, the results of Experiment 2 revealed that individual variances in cognitive control capacity also play a role in the overall magnitude of the switch costs. Critically, processing context effects can be modulated by individual variance in cognitive control capacities. The results of this study are discussed within the framework of classic models of bilingual language control (e.g., the inhibitory control model).

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Copyright

Corresponding author

Address for correspondence: Ruiming Wang, PhD, School of Psychology, South China Normal University, 510631 Guangzhou, P. R. China. wangrm@scnu.edu.cn

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*This work was supported by the Foundation for innovation team in Guangdong Higher Education (2015WCXTD003 & 2016WCXTD006), Guangdong Province Universities and colleges Pearl River Younger Scholar Funded Scheme (2016), and the Innovation Project of Graduate School of South China Normal University (2016wkxm13). Yan Jing Wu is sponsored by K. C. Wong Magna Fund in Ningbo University. Cong Liu and Yan Jing Wu contributed equally to this work.

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References

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