Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Relevance of Animal Learning Models to Behavioral Psychotherapy

  • Lyn Y. Abramson (a1)

Extract

Pavlov's words presaged a twentieth century development for study of human behavioural disorders: Animal learning models. In essence, animal modeling involves induction of disorders analogous to naturally occurring human psychopathologies in animal subjects. The goal, of course, is illumination of cause, cure, and prevention of human disorders. Historically, although Pavlov's (1941, 1966) discovery of “experimental neurosis” in dogs generated initial enthusiasm for animal modeling, the approach later fell into disrepute probably because the early animal experimentation was rather poor (McKinney, 1974). The experimental analyses of the apparently maladaptive animal behaviours were reasonably thorough, but the claim that they represented and/or analyzed some form of naturally occurring disorder was usually unconvincing. Currently, however, a resurgence of interest in the method of animal modeling coupled with increased concern by investigators to set down ground rules for evaluation of animal models is apparent in the recent compilation of several books on the subject (two still in press): Experimental psychopathology: Recent research and theory, Psychopathology: Experimental models, and Relevance of the Psychopathological animal model to the human.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Abramson, L.Y. and Seligman, M.E.P. (1975). In Maser, J. and Seligman, M.E.P. (Eds.), Psychopathology: Experimental models. San Francisco: W.H. Freeman.
Breger, L. and McGaugh, J.L. (1965). Psychol. Bull., 63, 338358.
Broadhurst, P.L. (1973). In Eysenck, H.J. (Ed.), Handbook of abnormal psychology. 2nd Ed.San Diego: Robert K. Knapp.
Eysenck, H.J. (1970). J. Behav. Ther. Exper. Psychiat., 1, 515.
Franks, C.M. (Ed.) (1969). Behavior therapy: Appraisal and status. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Franks, C.M. and Wilson, G.T. (1973). Annual review of behavior therapy theory and practice. New York: Brunner/Mazel.
Hannum, R., Rosellini, R.A. and Seligman, M.E.P. (1975). Developmental Psychol., submitted.
Herson, M., Eisler, R.M., Alford, G.S. and Agras, W.S. (1973). Behav. Ther., 4, 392397.
Kimmel, H.D. (Ed.) (1971). Experimental psychopathology: Recent research and theory. New York: Academic Press.
Kittay International Symposium (1975). Relevance of the psychopathological animal model to the human. New York: Plenum Press.
Klein, D.C. and Seligman, M.E.P. (1975). J. Abnorm. Psychol. (submitted).
Lazarus, A.A. (1971). Behavior therapy and beyond. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Liddell, H.S. (1944). In McV. Hunt, J. (Ed.), Personality and the behavior disorders. Vol.1. New York: Ronald Press.
Liddell, H.S. (1956) Emotional hazards in animals and man. Springfield: Charles C. Thomas.
London, P. (1972). Amer. Psychologist, 27, 913926.
Lynn, R. (1963). Psychol. Bull. 60, 486498.
Maser, J. and Seligman, M.E.P. (1975). Psychopathology: Experimental models. San Franciso: W.H. Freeman.
Masserman, J.H. (1943). Behavior and neurosis: An experimental psychoanalytic approach to psychobiologic principles. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
Masserman, J.J. (1971). In Kimmel, H.D. (Ed.), Experimental psychopathology: Recent research and theory. New York: Academic Press.
McKinney, W.T. (1974). Perspectives Biol. Med., 17, 529541.
McKinney, W.T. and Bunney, W.E. (1969). Arch. Gen. Psychiat., 21, 240248.
Overmier, J.B. and Seligman, M.E.P. (1967). J. Comp. Physiol. Psychol. 63, 2333.
Pavlov, I.P. (1941). Lectures on conditioned reflexes: Vol.2, Conditioned reflexes and psychiatry. Trans. by Gantt, W.H.. New York: International Publishers.
Pavlov, I.P. (1966). Essential works of Pavlov. Ed. by Kaplan, M.. New York: Bantam.
Reisinger, J.J. (1972). A. Apple. Behav. Analysis, 5, 125130.
Seligman, M.E.P. (1975). Helplessness. San Francisco: W.H. Freeman.
Seligman, M.E.P., Klein, D.C. and Miller, W.R. (1975). Depression. In Leitenberg, H. (Ed.), Handbook of behavior therapy. New York: Winston-Wiley.
Seligman, M.E.P. and Maier, S.F. (1967). J. Exp. Psychol., 74, 19.
Seligman, M.E.P., Maier, S.F. and Geer, J. (1968). J. Abnorm. Soc. Psychol., 73, 256262.
Seligman, M.E.P., Maier, S.F., and Solomon, R.L. (1971). In Brush, F.R. (Ed.), Aversive conditioning and learning. New York: Academic Press.
Seligman, M.E.P., Rosellini, R.A. and Kozak, M. (1975). J. Comp. Physiol. Psychol.
Shenger-Krestovnikova, N.R. (1921). Bull. Lesgaft Inst. Petrograd, 3, 143.
Ullmann, L.P. and Krasner, L. (Eds.) (1965). Case studies in behavior modification. New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston
Wilson, G.T. and Davison, G.C. (1971), Psychol. Bull., 76, 114.
Wolpe, J. (1948). Unpublished manuscript, M.D. Thesis, Univ. of the Witwatersrand.
Wolpe, J. (1952). Brit. J. Psychol., 43, 243268.
Wolpe, J. (1958). Psychotherapy by reciprocal inhibition. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
Wolpe, J. (1969). The practice of behavior therapy. New York: Pergamon Press.
Yates, A. (1970). Behavior therapy. New York: Wiley.

Relevance of Animal Learning Models to Behavioral Psychotherapy

  • Lyn Y. Abramson (a1)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.

Relevance of Animal Learning Models to Behavioral Psychotherapy

  • Lyn Y. Abramson (a1)
Submit a response

Comments

No Comments have been published for this article.

×

Reply to: Submit a response


Your details


Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *