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Prediction of Cognitive Behavior Treatment Outcome for Children with Anxiety Disorders: Therapeutic Relationship and Homework Compliance

  • Alicia A. Hughes (a1) and Philip C. Kendall (a1)

Abstract

We examined a non-specific or relationship variable as well as a specific or technical variable (i.e. homework compliance) and their prediction of cognitive behavioral treatment (CBT) outcome for children with anxiety disorders. Therapist ratings of the therapeutic relationship (TR), but not homework compliance (HC) predicted CBT outcome at posttreatment (n = 138) and at 1-year follow-up (n = 121) for anxious children (aged 9 to 13 years). Findings from this study suggest the therapeutic relationship is a hardy non-specific factor in CBT of anxious children. Implications for the treatment of children with anxiety disorders using CBT and recommendations for research are offered.

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Corresponding author

Reprint requests to Alicia A. Hughes, Psychology Department, Child Study Center, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA. E-mail: aah13@psu.edu

Keywords

Prediction of Cognitive Behavior Treatment Outcome for Children with Anxiety Disorders: Therapeutic Relationship and Homework Compliance

  • Alicia A. Hughes (a1) and Philip C. Kendall (a1)

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Prediction of Cognitive Behavior Treatment Outcome for Children with Anxiety Disorders: Therapeutic Relationship and Homework Compliance

  • Alicia A. Hughes (a1) and Philip C. Kendall (a1)
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