Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Does Cognitive Distraction Lead to Overeating in Restrained Eaters?

  • Brigitte Boon (a1), Wolfgang Stroebe (a1), Henk Schut (a1) and Anita Jansen (a2)

Abstract

Restrained eaters have been found to overeat after various events or so-called disinhibitors, such as eating a preload or strong emotional states. Little research has focused on why such events lead to a break of the restrained eaters' control and to overeating. The present study examines the role of cognitive distraction as a possible mechanism underlying these effects. Two experiments were conducted, both designed to test hypotheses derived from Wegner's Ironic Process Theory and focusing on the behavioural consequences of cognitive control over eating. In both experiments subjects were tested in a 2 (restrained/unrestrained) by 2 (distraction/no distraction) design. The results do not confirm the prediction flowing from the Ironic Process Theory: cognitive distraction does not lead to overeating in restrained eaters. Implications of these findings for the Boundary Model are also discussed.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Herman, C. P. & Polivy, J. (1984). A boundary model for the regulation of eating. In Stunkard, A. J. & Stellar, E. (Eds.), Eating and its disorders. New York: Raven Press.
Herman, C. P. & Polivy, J. (1993). Mental control of eating: Excitatory and inhibitory food thoughts. In Wegner, D. M. & Pennebaker, J. W. (Eds.), Handbook of mental control. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall.
Hibscher, J. A. & Herman, C. P. (1977). Obesity, dieting and the expression of obese characteristics. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 91, 374380.
Jansen, A., Oosterlaan, J., Merckelbach, H., & Hout, M. A. van den (1988). Nonregulation of food intake in restrained emotional and external eaters. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 10, 345353.
Lowe, M. R. (1993). The effects of dieting on eating behavior: A three factor model. Psychological Bulletin, 114, 100121.
Polivy, J. & Herman, C. P. (1991). Good and bad dieters: Self-perception and reaction to a dietary challenge. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 10, 9199.
Polivy, J., Herman, C. P., Hacket, R., & Kuleshnyk, J. (1986). The effects of self-attention and public attention on eating in restrained and unrestrained subjects. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 50, 12531260.
Polivy, J., Herman, C. P., & Warsh, S. (1978). Internal and external components of emotionality in restrained and unrestrained eaters. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 87, 497504.
Ruderman, A. J. (1986). Dietary restraint: A theoretical and empirical review. Psychological Bulletin, 99, 247262.
Ruderman, A. J. & Christensen, H. (1983). Restraint theory and its applicability to overweight individuals. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 92, 210215.
Ruderman, A. J. & Wilson, G. T. (1979). Weight, restraint, cognitions and counter-regulation. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 17, 581590.
Spencer, J. A. & Fremouw, W. J. (1979). Binge eating as a function of restraint and weight classification. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 88, 262267.
Vos, P. G. (1988). Bourdon Vos Test: Handleiding. Lisse: Swets en Zeitlinger.
Wegner, D. M. (1994). Ironic processes of mental control. Psychological Review, 101, 3452.
Wegner, D. M. & Erber, R. (1993). Social foundations of mental control. In Wegner, D. M. & Pennebaker, J. W. (Eds.), Handbook of mental control (pp. 3656). Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall.
Wegner, D. M., Schneider, D. J., Carter, S. R. III, & White, T. L. (1987). Paradoxical effects of thought suppression. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 53, 513.
Woody, E. Z., Constanzo, P. R., Liefer, H., & Conger, J. (1981). The effects of taste and caloric perceptions on eating behavior of restrained and unrestrained subjects. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 5, 381390.

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed

Does Cognitive Distraction Lead to Overeating in Restrained Eaters?

  • Brigitte Boon (a1), Wolfgang Stroebe (a1), Henk Schut (a1) and Anita Jansen (a2)
Submit a response

Comments

No Comments have been published for this article.

×

Reply to: Submit a response


Your details


Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *