Allot, P., Loganathan, L. and Fulford, K. W. M. (2002). Discovering hope for recovery. Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health, 21, 1–22.
Andreasen, R., Oades, L. and Caputi, P. (2003). The experience of recovery from schizophrenia: towards an empirically validated stage model. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 37, 584–594.
Angermeyer, M. C., Holzinger, A., Carta, M. G. and Schomerus, G. (2011). Biogenetic explanations and public acceptance of mental illness: systematic review of population studies. British Journal of Psychiatry, 199, 367–372.
Beck, A. (1979). Cognitive Therapy of Depression. New York: Guilford Press.
Birchwood, M., Trower, P., Brunet, K., Gilbert, P., Iqbal, Z. and Jackson, C. (2007). Social anxiety and the shame of psychosis: a study in first episode psychosis. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 45, 1025–1037.
Braehler, C., Gumley, A., Harper, J., Wallance, S., Norrie, J. and Gilbert, P. (2013). Exploring change processes in compassion focused therapy in psychosis: results of a feasibility randomized controlled trial. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 52, 199–214.
Brohan, E., Elgie, R., Sartorius, N. and Thornicroft, G. (2010a). Self-stigma, empowerment and perceived discrimination among people with schizophrenia in 14 European countries: the GAMIAN-Europe study. Schizophrenia Research, 122, 232–238.
Brohan, E., Slade, M., Clement, S. and Thornicroft, G. (2010b). Experiences of mental illness stigma, prejudice and discrimination: a review of measures. BMC Health Services Research, 10, 80.
Chronister, J., Chou, C. and Lao, H. (2013). The role of stigma coping and social support in mediating the effect of societal stigma on internalized stigma, mental health recovery, and quality of life among people with serious mental illness. Journal of Community Psychology, 41, 582–600.
Clark, D. M. (1986). A cognitive approach to panic. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 24, 461–470.
Clark, D. M. (2001). A cognitive perspective on social phobia. In Crozier, R. and Alden, L. E. (eds), International Handbook of Social Anxiety: Concepts, Research and Interventions Relating to the Self and Shyness. London: John WIley and Sons Ltd.
Clark, D. M. and Wells, A. (1995). A cognitive model of social phobia. In Liebowitz, M., Hope, D. A. and Schneier, F. R. (eds), Social Phobia: Diagnosis, Assessment and Treatment. New York: Guilford Press.
Corrigan, P. W., Kosyluk, K. A. and Rusch, N. (2013). Reducing self-stigma by coming out proud. American Journal of Public Health, 103, 794–800.
Corrigan, P. W. and Watson, A. C. (2002). The paradox of self-stigma and mental illness. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 9, 35–53.
Corrigan, P. W., Watson, A. C. and Barr, L. (2006). The self-stigma of mental illness: implications for self-esteem and self-efficacy. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 25, 875–884.
Corstens, D., Longden, E., McCarthy-Jones, S., Waddingham, R. and Thomas, R. (2014). Emerging perspectives from the Hearing Voices Movement: implications for research and practice. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 40, 285–294.
Crisp, A. H., Gelder, M. G., Goddard, E. and Meltzer, H. (2005). Stigmatizaiton of people with mental illnesses: a follow-up study within the Changing Minds Campaign of the Royal College of Psychiatrists. World Psychiatry, 4, 106–113.
Crocker, J., Major, B. and Steele, C. (1998). Social stigma. In Gilbert, D. T. and Fiske, S. T. (eds), The Handbook of Social Psychology. Boston, MA: McGraw-Hill.
Dellar, R., Curtis, T. and Leslie, E. (2003). Mad Pride: A Celebration of Mad Culture. UK: Chipmunkapublishing.
Dinos, S., Stevens, S., Serfaty, M., Weich, S. and King, M. (2004). Stigma: the feelings and experiences of 46 people with mental illness. British Journal of Psychiatry, 184, 176–181.
Drapalski, A. L., Lucksted, A., Perrin, P. B., Aakre, J. M., Brown, C. H., DeForge, B. R. and Boyd, J. E. (2013). A model of internalized stigma and its effects on people with mental illness. Psychiatric Services, 64, 264–269.
Fowler, D., Freeman, D., Smith, B., Kuipers, E., Bebbington, P., Bashforth, H.
et al. (2006). The Brief Core Schema Scale (BCSS): psychometric properties and associations with paranoia and grandiosity in non-clinical and psychosis samples. Psychological Medicine, 36, 749–759.
Franz, L., Carter, T., Leiner, A. S., Bargner, E., Thompson, N. J. and Compton, M. T. (2010). Stigma and treatment delay in first-episode psychosis: a grounded theory study. Early Intervention in Psychiatry, 4, 47–56.
Freeman, D., Garety, P. and Kuipers, E. (2001). Persecutory delusions: developing the understanding of belief maintenance and emotional distress. Psychological Medicine, 31, 1293–1306.
Freeman, D., Garety, P. A., Kuipers, E., Fowler, D., Bebbington, P. E. and Dunn, G. (2007). Acting on persecutory delusions: the importance of safety seeking. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 45, 89–99.
Gerlinger, G., Hauser, M., De Hert, M., Lacluyse, K., Wampers, M. and Correll, C. U. (2013). Personal stigma in schizophrenia spectrum disorders: a systematic review of revalence rates, correlates, impact and interventions. World Psychiatry, 12, 155–164.
Gilbert, P. (2000). The relationship of shame, social anxiety and depression: the role of evaluation of social rank. Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, 7, 174–189.
Gilbert, P. (2010). Compassion Focused Therapy. Hove: Routledge.
Gilbert, P. and Allan, S. (1998). The role of defeat and entrapment (arrested fight) in depression: an exploration of an evolutionary view. Psychological Medicine, 28, 584–597.
Gilbert, P. and Procter, S. (2006). Compassionate mind training for people with high shame and self-criticism: overview and pilot study of a group therapy approach. Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, 13, 353–379.
Green, G. (2009). The End of Stigma? Changes in the Social Experience of Long-Term Illness. London: Routledge.
Gumley, A., Braehler, C., Laithwaite, H. M., MacBeth, A. and Gilbert, P. (2010). A compassion focused model of recovery after psychosis. International Journal of Cognitive Therapy, 3, 186– 201.
Gumley, A. and Schwannauer, M. (2006). Staying Well after Psychosis. London: John Wiley and Sons.
Hasson-Ohayon, I., Ehrlich-Ben Or, S., Vahab, K., Amiaz, R., Weiser, M. and Roe, D. (2012). Insight into mental illness and self-stigma: the mediating role of shame proneness. Psychiatry Research, 30, 802–806.
Henderson, C. and Thornicroft, G. (2013). Evaluation of the Time to Change Programme in England 2008–2011. British Journal of Psychiatry, 202, 45–48.
Hinshaw, S. P. (2007). The Mark of Shame: Stigma of Mental Illness and an Agenda for Change. Oxford: Oxford Univeristy Press.
Iqbal, Z., Birchwood, M., Chadwick, P. and Trower, P. (2000). A cognitive approach to depression and suicidal thinking in psychosis. II: Testing the validity of a social ranking model. British Journal of Psychiatry, 177, 522–528.
Kleim, B., Vauth, R., Adam, G., Stieglitz, R., Hayward, P. and Corrigan, P. W. (2008). Perceived stigma predicts low self-efficacy and poor coping in schizophrenia. Journal of Mental Health, 17, 482–491.
Link, B. and Phelan, J. C. (2001). Conceptualizing stigma. Annual Review of Sociology, 27, 363–385.
Link, B. G. (1987). Understanding labelling effects in the area of mental disorders: an assessment of the effects of expectations of rejection. American Sociological Review, 52, 96–112.
Link, B. G., Struening, E. L., Neese-Todd, S., Asmussen, S. and Phelan, J. C. (2001). Stigma as a barrier to recovery: the consequences of stigma for the self-esteem of people with mental illness. Psychiatric Services, 52, 1621–1626.
Link, B. G., Yang, L. H., Phelan, J. C. and Collins, P. Y. (2004). Measuring mental illness stigma. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 30, 511–541.
Livingston, J. D. and Boyd, J. E. (2010). Correlates and consequences of internalized stigma for people living with mental illness: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Social Science and Medicine, 71, 2150–2161.
Lysaker, P., Yanos, P., Outcalt, J. and Roe, D. (2010). Association of stigma, self-esteem, and symptoms with concurrent and prospective assessment of social anxiety in schizophrenia. Clinical Schizophrenia and Related Psychoses, 4, 41–48.
Lysaker, P. H., Davis, L. W., Warman, D. M., Strasburger, A. and Beattie, N. (2007a). Stigma, social function and symptoms in schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder: associations across 6 months. Psychiatry Research, 149, 89–95.
Lysaker, P. H., Roe, D. and Yanos, P. T. (2007b). Toward understanding the insight paradox: Internalized stigma moderates the association between insight and social functioning, hope, and self-esteem among people with schizophrenia spectrum disorders. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 33, 192–199.
Major, B. and O'Brien, L. T. (2005). The social psychology of stigma. Annual Review of Psychology, 56, 393–421.
Markowitz, F. E. (1998). The effects of stigma on the psychological well-being and life satisfaction of persons with mental illness. Journal of Health and Social Behaviour, 39, 335–347.
Michail, M. and Birchwood, M. (2009). Social anxiety disorder in first-episode psychosis: incidence, phenomenology and relationship with paranoia. British Journal of Psychiatry, 195, 234–241.
Michail, M. and Birchwood, M. (2013). Social anxiety disorder and shame cognitions in psychosis. Psychological Medicine, 43, 133–142.
Morrison, A., Burke, E., Murphy, E., Pyle, M., Bowe, S., Varese, F.
et al. (2016). Cognitive Therapy for Internalised Stigma in People Experiencing Psychosis: a pilot randomised controlled trial. Psychiatry Research, 240, 96–102.
Morrison, A. P. (2001). The interpretation of intrusions in psychosis: An integrative cognitive approach to hallucinations and delusions. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 29, 257–276.
Morrison, A. P., Frame, L. and Larkin, W. (2003). Relationships between trauma and psychosis: a review and integration. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 42, 331–351.
Pitt, L., Kilbride, M., Nothard, S., Welford, M. and Morrison, A. P. (2007). Researching recovery from psychosis: a user-led project. Psychiatry Bulletin, 31, 55–60.
Pitt, L., Kilbride, M., Welford, M., Nothard, S. and Morrison, A. P. (2009). Impact of a diagnosis of psychosis: user-led qualitative study. Psychiatric Bulletin, 33, 419–423.
Pyle, M. and Morrison, A. (2013). ‘It's just a very taboo and secretive kind of thing’: making sense of living with stigma and discrimination from accounts of people with psychosis. Psychosis: Psychological, Social and Integrative Approaches. doi: 10.1080/17522439.2013.834458
Quinn, D., Williams, M. K. and Weisz, B. (2015). From discrimination to internalizes mental illness stigma: the mediating roles of anticipated discrimination and anticipated stigma. Psychaitric Rehabilitation Journal, 38, 103–108.
Read, J. and Harre, N. (2001). The role of biological and genetic causal beliefs in the stigmatisation of ‘mental patients’. Journal of Mental Health, 10, 223–235.
Repper, J. (2013). Peer Support Workers: Theory and Practice. London: Centre for Mental Health.
Ritsher, J. B., Otilingam, P. G. and Grajales, M. (2003). Internalized stigma of mental illness: psychometric properties of a new measure. Psychiatry Research, 121, 31–49.
Rüsch, N., Angermeyer, M. C. and Corrigan, P. W. (2005). Mental illness stigma: concepts, consequences, and initiative to reduce stigma. European Psychiatry, 20, 529–539.
Rüsch, N., Corrigan, P. W., Wassel, A., Michaels, P., Olschewski, M., Wilkniss, S. and Batia, K. (2009). A stress-coping model of mental illness stigma: I. Predictors of cognitive stress appraisal. Schizophrenia Research, 110, 59–64.
Rüsch, N., Lieb, K., Bohus, M. and Corrigan, P. W. (2006). Self-stigma, empowerment, and perceived legitimacy of discrimination among women with mental illness. Psychiatric Services, 57, 399–402.
Rüsch, N., Todd, A. R., Bodenhausen, G. V., Olschewski, M. and Corrigan, P. W. (2010). Automatically activated shame reactions and perceived legitimacy of discrimination: a longitudinal study among people with mental illness. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 41, 60–63.
Russinova, Z., Rogers, E. S., Gagne, C., Bloch, P., Drake, K. M. and Mueser, K. T. (2014). A randomized controlled trial of a peer-run antistigma photovoice intervention. Psychiatric Services, 65, 242–246.
Salkovskis, P. M., Clark, D. M., Hackmann, A., Wells, A. and Gelder, M. (1999). An experimental investigation of the role of safety-seeking behaviours in the maintenance of panic disorder with agoraphobia. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 37, 559–574.
Schrank, B., Amering, M., Hay, A. G., Weber, M. and Sibitz, I. (2014). Insight, positive and negative symptoms, hope, depression and self-stigma: a comprehensive model of mutual influences in schizophrenia spectrum disorders. Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences, 23, 271–279.
Scrambler, G. and Hopkins, A. (1986). Being epileptic: coming to terms with stigma. Sociology of Health and Illness, 8, 26–43.
Shahar, G., Trower, P., Iqbal, Z., Birchwood, M., Davidson, L. and Chadwick, P. (2004). The person in recovery in acute and severe psychosis: the role of dependency, self-criticism, and efficacy. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 74, 480–488.
Shelvin, M., Houston, J. E., Dorahy, M. J. and Adamson, G. (2008). Cumulative traumas and psychosis: an analysis of the National Comorbidity Survey and the British Psychiatric Morbidity Survey. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 34, 193–199.
Smith, B., Fowler, D., Freeman, D., Bebbington, P., Bashforth, H., Garety, P.
et al. (2006). Emotion and psychosis: links between depression, self-esteem, negative schematic beliefs and delusions and hallucinations. Schizophrenia Research, 86, 181–188.
Taylor Nelson Sofres British Market Research Bureau (2014). Attitudes to Mental Illness 2013 Research Report. London: TNS.
Tully, S., Wells, A. and Morrison, A. (under review). An exploration of the relationship between use of safety seeking behaviours and psychosis: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Uchino, T., Maeda, M. and Uchimura, N. (2012). Psychoeducation may reduce self-stigma of people with schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder. The Kurume Medical Journal, 59, 25–31.
Varese, F., Smeets, F., Drukker, M., Lieverse, R., Lataster, T., Viechtbauer, W.
et al. (2012). Childhood adversities increase the risk of psychosis: a meta-analysis of patient-control, prospective- and cross-sectional cohort studies. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 11, 1–11.
Vass, V., Morrison, A., Law, H., Dudley, J., Taylor, P., Bennett, K. M. and Bentall, R. P. (2015). How stigma impacts on people with psychosis: the mediating effect of self-esteem and hopelessness on subjective recovery and psychotic experiences. Psychiatry Research. doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2015.09.042
Waite, F., Knight, M. T. and Lee, D. (2015). Self-compassion and self-criticism in recovery in psychosis: an interpretative phenomenological analysis study. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 71, 1201– 1217.
Watson, A. C., Corrigan, P. W., Larson, J. E. and Sells, M. (2007). Self-stigma in people with mental illness. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 33, 1312–1318.
Wells, A. (1995). Meta-cognition and worry: a cognitive model of generalised anxiety disorder. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 23, 301–320.
Wells, A. and Matthews, G. (1994). Attention and Emotion: A Clinical Perspective. Hillsdale, NJ: Laurence Erlbaum Associates.
Wood, L., Burke, E., Byrne, R. and Morrison, A. (2016a). Examining service user experiences of a cognitive therapy intervention for self-stigma in psychosis. Psychosis: Psychological, Social and Integrative Approaches, 8, 238–249.
Wood, L., Burke, E., Byrne, R., Pyle, M., Chapman, N. and Morrison, A. (2015). Stigma in psychosis: a thematic synthesis of current qualitative evidence. Psychosis: Psychological, Social and Integrative Approaches, 7, 152–165.
Wood, L., Byrne, R., Enache, G. and Morrison, A. (2016b). Acute inpatients experiences of stigma from psychosis: a qualitative exploration. Stigma and Health. doi: 10.1037/sah0000063
Wood, L., Byrne, R., Varese, F. and Morrison, A. (2016c). Psychosocial interventions for internalised stigma in psychosis: a systematic narrative synthesis and meta-analysis. Schizophrenia Research, 176, 291–303.
Yanos, P., Roe, D. and Lysaker, P. (2010). The impact of illness identity on recovery from severe mental illness. American Journal of Psychiatric Rehabilitation, 13
Yanos, P., Roe, D., Markus, K. and Lysaker, P. (2008). Pathways between internalized stigma and outcomes related to recovery in schizophrenia spectrum disorders. Psychiatris Services, 59, 1437–1442.