Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Why so complex? Emotional mediation of revenge, forgiveness, and reconciliation

  • Filippo Aureli (a1) (a2) and Colleen M. Schaffner (a1) (a3)

Abstract

Humans have the cognitive abilities to implement the revenge and forgiveness systems hypothesized by McCullough et al., but the evidence suggests that simpler processes may underlie most revenge cases in humans and other animals. The mediating role of emotions can be at the basis of the flexibility needed in the hypothesized systems and the associated assessment of social relationships.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Aureli, F., Cozzolino, R., Cordischi, C. & Scucchi, S. (1992) Kin-oriented redirection among Japanese macaques: An expression of a revenge system? Animal Behaviour 44:283–91.
Aureli, F., Fraser, O. N., Schaffner, C. M. & Schino, G. (in press) The regulation of social relationships. In: Evolution of primate societies, ed. Mitani, J., Call, J., Kappeler, P., Palombit, R. & Silk, J.. University of Chicago Press.
Aureli, F. & Schaffner, C. M. (2002) Relationship assessment through emotional mediation. Behaviour 139:393420.
Aureli, F. & Schino, G. (2004) The role of emotions in social relationships. In: Macaque societies: A model for the study of social organization, ed. Thierry, B., Singh, M. & Kaumanns, W., pp. 3855. Cambridge University Press.
Aureli, F. & Whiten, A. (2003) Emotions and behavioral flexibility. In: Primate psychology – The mind and behavior of human and nonhuman primates, ed. Maestripieri, D., pp. 289323. Harvard University Press.
Clutton-Brock, T. H. & Parker, G. A. (1995) Punishment in animal societies. Nature 373:209–16.
Crook, J. H. (1989) Introduction – Socioecological paradigms, evolution and history: Perspectives for the 1990s. In: Comparative socioecology: The behavioural ecology of humans and other mammals, ed. Standen, V. & Foley, R., pp. 136. Blackwell Scientific.
Damasio, A. R. (1994) Descartes' error – Emotion, reason, and the human brain. Grosset/Putnam.
Damasio, A. R. (1996) The somatic marker hypothesis and the possible functions of the prefrontal cortex. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B 351:1413–20.
Frijda, N. H. (1986) The emotions. Cambridge University Press.
Gigerenzer, G., Todd, P. M. & The ABC Research Group. (1999) Simple heuristics that make us smart. Oxford University Press.
Hinde, R. A. (1979) Towards understanding relationships. Academic Press.
Johnson-Laird, P. N. & Oatley, K. (1992) The language of emotions: An analysis of a semantic field. Cognition and Emotion 3:81123.
Johnson-Laird, P. N. & Oatley, K. (1992) Basic emotions, rationality, and folk theory. Cognition and Emotion 6:201–23.
Judge, P. (1982) Redirection of aggression based on kinship in a captive group of pigtail macaques. International Journal of Primatology 3:301.
LeDoux, J. E. (1996) The emotional brain. Simon & Schuster.
Lott, D. F. (1991) Intraspecific variation in the social system of wild vertebrates. Cambridge University Press.
Owren, M. J. & Rendall, D. (1997) An affect-conditioning model of nonhuman primate vocal signaling. Perspectives in Ethology 12:299346.
Panksepp, J. (1989) The psychobiology of emotions: The animal side of human feelings. In: Emotions and the dual brain, ed. Gainotti, G. & Caltagirone, C., pp. 3155. Springer-Verlag.
Pryce, C. R. (1996) Socialization, hormones, and the regulation of maternal behaviour in nonhuman simian primates. Advances in the Study of Behavior 25:423–73.
Rolls, E. T. (1990) A theory of emotion, and its application to understand the neural basis of emotion. Cognition and Emotion 4:161–90.
Rolls, E. T. (1995) A theory of emotion and consciousness, and its application to understanding the neural basis of emotion. In: The cognitive neurosciences, ed. Gazzaniga, M. S., pp. 1091–106. MIT Press.
Seyfarth, R. M. & Cheney, D. L. (2012) The evolutionary origin of friendship. Annual Review of Psychology 63:153–77.
Seyfarth, R. M. & Cheney, D. L. (in press) Knowledge of social relations. In: Evolution of primate societies, ed. Mitani, J, Call, J., Kappeler, P., Palombit, R. & Silk, J.. University of Chicago Press.
Tooby, J. & Cosmides, L. (1990b) The past explains the present: Emotional adaptations and the structure of ancestral environments. Ethology and Sociobiology 11:375424.

Why so complex? Emotional mediation of revenge, forgiveness, and reconciliation

  • Filippo Aureli (a1) (a2) and Colleen M. Schaffner (a1) (a3)

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed