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Where the item still rules supreme: Time-based selection, enumeration, pre-attentive processing and the target template?

  • Derrick G. Watson (a1)

Abstract

I propose that there remains a central role for the item (or its equivalent) in a wider range of search and search-related tasks/functions than might be conveyed by the article. I consider the functional relationship between the framework and some aspects of previous theories, and suggest some challenges that the new framework might encounter.

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Andrews, L. S., Watson, D. G., Humphreys, G. W. & Braithwaite, J. J. (2011) Flexible feature-based inhibition in visual search mediates magnified impairments of selection: Evidence from carry-over effects under dynamic preview-search conditions. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance 37:1007–16.
Chun, M. M. (2000) Contextual cueing of visual attention. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 4:170–78.
Simon, T. J. & Vaishnavi, S. (1996) Subitizing and counting depend on different attentional mechanisms: Evidence from visual enumeration in afterimages. Perception and Psychophysics 58:915–26.
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Watson, D. G. & Humphreys, G. W. (1997) Visual marking: Prioritizing selection for new objects by top-down attentional inhibition of old objects. Psychological Review 104(1):90122.
Watson, D. G. & Humphreys, G. W. (1998) Visual marking of moving objects: A role for top-down feature-based inhibition in selection. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance 24:946–62.
Watson, D. G., Maylor, E. A. & Bruce, L. A. M. (2005) Search, enumeration, and aging: Eye movement requirements cause age-equivalent performance in enumeration but not in search tasks. Psychology and Aging 20:226–40.
Watson, D. G., Maylor, E. A. & Bruce, L. A. M. (2007) The role of eye movements in subitizing and counting. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance 33:1389–99.
Zupan, Z., Watson, D. G. & Blagrove, E. (2015) Inhibition in time-based visual selection: Strategic or by default? Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance 41:1442–61.

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