Skip to main content Accessibility help

Statistical learning and prejudice

  • Guy Madison (a1) and Fredrik Ullén (a2)


Human behavior is guided by evolutionarily shaped brain mechanisms that make statistical predictions based on limited information. Such mechanisms are important for facilitating interpersonal relationships, avoiding dangers, and seizing opportunities in social interaction. We thus suggest that it is essential for analyses of prejudice and prejudice reduction to take the predictive accuracy and adaptivity of the studied prejudices into account.



Hide All
Frith, C. D. & Frith, U. (2012) Mechanisms of social cognition. Annual Review of Psychology 63:287313.
Gigerenzer, G. (2010) Moral satisficing: Rethinking moral behavior as bounded rationality. Topics in Cognitive Science 2:528–54.DOI: 10.1111/j.1756-8765.2010.01094.x.
Hamilton, W. D. (1971) Geometry for the selfish herd. Journal of Theoretical Biology 31(2):295311.
Kring, A. M. & Gordon, A. H. (1998) Sex differences in emotion: Expression, experience, and physiology. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 74:686783.
Lippa, R. (2010) Sex differences in personality traits and gender-related occupational preferences across 53 nations: Testing evolutionary and social-environmental theories. Archives of Sexual Behavior 39:619–36.
Lombardo, W. K., Crester, G. A. & Roesch, S. C. (2001) For crying out loud–the differences persist into the '90s. Sex Roles 45:529–47.
McCauley, C. R. & Stitt, C. (1978) An individual and quantitative measure of stereotypes. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 36:929–40.
Öhman, A. (2009) Of snakes and faces: An evolutionary perspective on the psychology of fear. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology 50:543–52.
Perruchet, P. & Pacton, S. (2006) Implicit learning and statistical learning: One phenomenon, two approaches. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 10:233–38.
Salter, F. (2007) On genetic interests: Family, ethnicity, and humanity in an age of mass migration. Transaction.
Seligman, M. E. P. (1970) On the generality of the laws of learning. Psychological Review 77:406–18.
Shanahan, M. J. & Flaherty, B. P. (2001) Dynamic patterns of time use in adolescence. Child Development 72:385401.
Shanks, D. R. (2005) Implicit learning. In: Handbook of cognition, ed. Lamberts, K. & Goldstone, R., pp. 202–20. Sage Publications.
Zawadzki, B. (1948) Limitations of the scapegoat theory of prejudice. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology 43(2):127–41.

Statistical learning and prejudice

  • Guy Madison (a1) and Fredrik Ullén (a2)


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.