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Skull-bound perception and precision optimization through culture

  • Bryan Paton (a1), Josh Skewes (a2), Chris Frith (a3) and Jakob Hohwy (a1)


Clark acknowledges but resists the indirect mind–world relation inherent in prediction error minimization (PEM). But directness should also be resisted. This creates a puzzle, which calls for reconceptualization of the relation. We suggest that a causal conception captures both aspects. With this conception, aspects of situated cognition, social interaction and culture can be understood as emerging through precision optimization.



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Hohwy, J. & Paton, B. (2010) Explaining away the body: Experiences of supernaturally caused touch and touch on non-hand objects within the rubber hand illusion. PLoS ONE 5(2):e9416.
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Petkova, V. I. & Ehrsson, H. H. (2008) If I were you: Perceptual illusion of body swapping. PLoS ONE 3(12):e3832.


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