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Putting microbiota-gut-brain research in a systemic developmental context: Focus on breast milk

  • Brittany Howell (a1) and Antonella Tramacere (a2)


The microbiota-gut-brain (MGB) field holds huge potential for understanding behavioral development and informing effective early interventions for psychological health. To realize this potential, factors that shape the MGB axis in infancy (i.e., breast milk) must be integrated into a systemic framework that considers salient behavioral outcomes. This is best accomplished applying network analyses in large prospective, longitudinal investigations in humans.



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