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Group and individual as complementary conceptual categories

  • Hart Blanton (a1)


Baumeister et al. depart from self-theories that contrast the psychology of the group with the psychology of the individual by considering how differentiated identities further collective interests. In concert with Deviance Regulation Theory, their framework offers a foundation for predicting the reward and punishment contingencies that will help groups function as more than the sum of their parts.



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Blanton, H., & Christie, C. (2003) Deviance regulation: A theory of action and identity. Review of General Psychology 7:115–49. doi: 10.1037/1089-2680.7.2.115.
Blanton, H. & Hall, D. (2009) Punishing difference and rewarding diversity: A deviance regulation analysis of social structure. In: The psychology of self regulation (Sydney symposium in social psychology), ed. Forgas, J., Baumeister, R. & Tice, D., pp. 273–88. Psychology Press.
Brewer, M. B. (1991) The social self: On being the same and different at the same time. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 17:475–82. doi: 10.1177/0146167291175001.
Festinger, L. (1950) Informal social communication. Psychological Review 57(5):271–82.
Festinger, L. (1954) A theory of social comparison processes. Human Relations 7(2):117–40.
Schachter, S. (1951) Deviation, rejection, and communication. The Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology 46:190207. doi: 10.1037/h0062326.
Snyder, C. R. & Fromkin, H. L. (1980) Uniqueness: The human pursuit of difference. Plenum.


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