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The fuzzy reality of perceived harms

  • Sara Konrath (a1) and Irene Cheung (a2)

Abstract

We review two subjective (mis)perceptions that influence revenge and forgiveness systems. Individual differences predict more (e.g., narcissism) or less (e.g., empathy) revenge, with the opposite pattern for forgiveness. Moreover, differences in victim versus perpetrator perceptions can influence revenge and forgiveness systems, perpetuating never-ending cycles of revenge. These two examples point to the need for theories of revenge and forgiveness to address the role of cognitive and motivational biases in the functionality of such behavioral responses.

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The fuzzy reality of perceived harms

  • Sara Konrath (a1) and Irene Cheung (a2)

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