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Frost and fogs, or sunny skies? Orthography, reading, and misplaced optimalism

  • David L. Share (a1)


I argue that the study of variability rather than invariance should head the reading research agenda, and that strong claims of orthographic “optimality” are unwarranted. I also expand briefly on Frost's assertion that an efficient orthography must represent sound and meaning, by considering writing systems as dual-purpose devices that must provide decipherability for novice readers and automatizability for the expert.



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