Skip to main content Accessibility help

Dopamine and circling, or décalage?

  • A. J. Greenshaw (a1)


  • An abstract is not available for this content so a preview has been provided below. Please use the Get access link above for information on how to access this content.



Hide All
Ahlenius, S. (1973) Inhibition of catecholamine synthesis and conditioned avoidance acquisition. Pharmacology. Biochemistry and Behavior 1:347–50. [SA]
Ahlenius, S. (1978) Potentiation by haloperidol of the catalepsy produced by lesions in the parafascicular nucleus of the rat. Brain Research 150:646–52. [SA]
Ahlenius, S. (1979) An analysis of behavioural effects produced by drug-induced changes in dopaminergie neurotransmission in the brain. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology 20:5964. [SA, rRAW]
Ahlenius, S. (1980) Enhanced suppression of a. conditioned avoidance response by haloperidol but not phenoxyhenzamine in rats with bilateral parafaseieular lesions. Experimental Brain Research 40:164–69. [SA]
Ahlenius, S. & Engel, J.(1971) Effects of small doses of haloperidol on timing behaviour. Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology 23:301–2. [SA]
Ahlenius, S., Engel, J. & Zöller, M. (1977) Effects of apomorphine and haloperidol on exploratory behavior and latent learning in mice. Physiological Psychology 5:290–94. [SA]
Anlezark, C. M., Arbuthnott, G. W., Christie, J. E., & Crow, T. J. (1971) Role of cerebral dopamine in the action of psychotropie drugs. British Journal of Pharmacology 41:406P. [TJC]
Atalay, J., Bozarth, M. A. & Wise, R. A. (1982) Task-independent reward and performance shifts from phnozide in self-stimulationg rats. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Canadian Psychological Association. Montreal. [rRAW]
Atrens, D. M. (1970) Reinforeing and emotional consequences of electrical self-stimulation of the subcortical limbic forebrain. Physiology and Behavior 5:1461–71. [AJG]
Atrens, D. M., Ljungberg, T. & Ungerstedt, U.(1976). Modulation of reward and aversion processes in the rat diencephalon by neuroleptics: Differential effects of clozapine and haloperidol. Psychopharmacology 49:97100. [AJC]
Beninger, R. J. (1982) The behavioral function of dopamine. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5:5556. [rRAW]
Beninger, R. J. (1983) The role of dopamine in locomotor activity and learning. Brain Research Reviews 6:173–96. [rRAW]
Bindra, D. (1974) A motivational view of learning, performance. and behavior modification. Psychological Review 81:199213. [rRAW]
Bindra, D. (1978) How adaptive behaviour is produced: A perceptual-motivational alternative to response-reinforcement. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 1:4191. [rRAW]
Bolles, R. C. (1972) Reinforcement, expectancy, and learning. Psychological Review 79:394409. [rRAW]
Bradley, P. B. (1958) The central action of certain drugs in relation to the reticular formation. In: Reticular formation of the Brain, ed. Jasper, A. H., Proctor, L. D., Knighton, R. S.. Noshay, W. C. & Costello, R. T.. Little Brown & Co. [CK]
Cabanac, M. (1971) Physiological role of pleasure. Science 173:1103–07. [rRAW]
Cabanac, M. (1979) Sensorv pleasure. Quarterly Review of Biology 54:129. [EK]
Coons, E. E. & White, H. A. (1977) Tonic properties of orosensation and the modulation of intracranial self-stimulation: The CNS weighting of external and internal factors governing reward. Annals of the Sew York Academy of Sciences 290:158–79. [EK]
Cooper, B. R., Cott, J. M. & Breese, G. R. (1974) Effects of catecholaminedepleting drugs and amphetamine on self-stimulation of brain following various 6-hydroxydopamine treatments. Psychopharmacologia 248:235–48. [rRAW]
Coppen, A., Metealfe, M., Carroll, J. D. & Morris, J. G. L. (1972) Levodopa and L-tryptophan therapy in Parkinsonism. Lancet 1:654–58. [TJC]
Crow, T. J. (1968) Cortical synapses and reinforcement: A hypothesis. Nature 219:736–37. [TJC]
Crow, T. J. (1971) The relation between electrical self-stimulation sites and catecholamine-containing neurones in the rat mesencephalon. Experientia 27:662. [TJC]
Crow, T. J. (1972b) A map of the rat mesencephalon for electrical self-stimulation. Brain Research 36:265–73. [TJC]
Crow, T. J. (1973) Catecholamine-containing neurones and electrical self-stimulation. 2. A theoretical interpretation and some psychiatric implications. Psychological Medicine 3:6673. [TJC, rRAW]
Crow, T. J. (1972a) Catecholamine-containing neurones and electrical self-stimulation. I. A review of some data. Psychological Medicine 2:414–21. [TC]
Crow, T. J. (1979) Catecholamine reward pathways and sehizophrenia: The mechanism of the antipsychotic effects and the site of the primary disturbance. Federation Proceedings 38:2462–67. [CK]
Crow, T. J. & Wendlaudt, S. (1976) Impaired acquisition of a passive avoidance response after lesions induced in the locus coerulcus by 6-OM-dopamine. Suture 259:4244. [TJC]
Edmonds, D. E. & Gallistel, C. R. (1974) Parametric analysis of brain stimulation reward in the rat: 3. Effect of performance variables on the reward summation function. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology 87:876–83. [rRAW]
Esposito, R. U., Faulkner, W. & Kometsky, C. (1979) Specific modulation of brain stimulation reward by haloperidol. Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior 10:937–40. [rRAW]
Ettenberg, A. (1982) Behavioral effects of neuroleptics: Performance deficits, reward deficits or both? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5:5657. [rRAW]
Ettenberg, A., Koob, C. G. & Bloom, F. E. (1981) Response artificact in the measurement of neuroleptic-induced anhedonia. Science 209: 357–59. [TS]
Fantie, B. D. & Nakajíma, S. (1984) A task for assessing brain stimulation with minimum motor involvement. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Canadian Psychological Association, Ottawa. [rRAW]
Fouriezos, G., Hansson, P. & Wise, R. A. (1978) Neuroleptie-indnced attenuation of brain stimulation reward. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology 92:659–69. [GF, rRAW]
Fouriezos, G. & Wise, R. A. (1976) Pimozide-induced extinction of intracranial self-stimulation: Response patterns rule out motor or performance deficits. Brain Research 103:377–80. [GF, rRAW]
Fowler, S. C., Filcwieh, R. J. & Leberer, M. R. (1977) Drug effects upon force and duration of response during fixed-ratio performance in rats. Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior 6:421–26. [AJG]
Franklin, K. B. J. (1978) Catecholamines and self-stimulation: Reward and performance deficits dissociated. Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior 9:813–20. [rRAW]
Franklin, K. B. J. & McCoy, S. N. (1979) Pimozide-induced extinction in rats: Stimulus control of responding rules out motor deficit. Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior 11:7176. [GF, rRAW]
Freed, W. J. & Zee, R. F. (1982) Criteria for ruling out sedation as an interpretation of neuroleptic effects. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5:5759. [GF]
Gallistel, C. R. (1983) The empirical and theoretical justification for the use of the curve-shift method in drug and lesion experiments. Paper presented at the Society for Neuroseience Sattelite Symposium: ESB and Brain Mechanisms of reward, Boston. [rRAW]
Gallistel, C. R., Boytim, M., Gomita, Y. & Klebanoff, L. (1982) Docs pimozide block the reinforcing effect of brain stimulation? Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior 17:769–81. [rRAW]
Gallistel, C. R., Shizgal, P. & Yeomans, J. (1981) A portrait of the substrate for self-stimulation. Psychological Review 88:228–73.
Gerber, G. J., Sing, J. & Wise, R. A. (1981) Pimozide attenuates lever pressing for water in rats. Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior 14:201–05. [rRAW]
German, D. C. (1982) Dopamine neurons, reward and behavior. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5:5960. [rRAW]
German, D. C. & Bowden, D. M. (1974) Catecholamine systems as the neural substrate for intracranial self-stimulation: A hypothesis. Brain Research 73:381419. [rRAW]
Gramling, S. E., Fowler, S. C. & Collins, K. R. (1984) Nondeprived animals lieking a sucrose solution fail to exhibit “anhedonia” with repeated administrations of pimozide. Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior. In press. [rRAW]
Gray, T. & Wise, R. A. (1980) Effects of pimozide on lever-pressing behavior maintained on an intermittent reinforcement schedule. Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior 12:931–35. [rRAW]
Greenshaw, A. J. (1981) Effects of drugs on reward in rats. Ph.D. thesis. University of Wales. [AJG]
Greenshaw, A. J., Sanger, D. J. & Blackman, D. E. (1981) The effects of pimozide and of reward omission on fixed-interval behaviour of rats maintained by food and electrical brain stimulation. Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior 15:227–33. [AJG]
Greenshaw, A. J.(1983). The effects of ehlordiazepoxide on the self-regulated duration of lateral hypothalamic stimulation in rats. Psychophannacology 81:236–38. [AJG]
Gunne, L. M., Anggard, E. & Jonsson, L. E. (1972) Clinical trials with amphetamine-blocking drugs. Psychiatria Neurologia Neurochirurgia 75:225–26. [rRAW]
Herberg, L. J., Stephens, D. N. & Franklin, K. B. J. (1976) Catecholamines and self-stimulation: Evidence suggesting a reinforcing role for noradrenaline and a motivating role for dopamine. Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior 4:575–82. [rRAW]
Homykiewiez, O. (1976) Neurohumoral interactions and basal ganglia function and dysfunction. In: The basal ganglia, ed. Yahr, M. D.. Raven Press. [SA]
Huston, J. P., Grimm, C. & Omstein, K. (1984) Self-stimulation in the brain stem after ipsilateral precollicular deeerebration. Experimental Neurology 83:568–76. [TS]
Katz, R. J. (1982) Dopamine and the limits of behavioral reduction or why aren't all schizophrenics fat and happy? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5:6061. [rRAW]
Killam, K. F. & Killam, E. K. (1958) Drug action on pathways involving the reticular formation. In: Reticular formation of the brain, ed. Jasper, A. H., Proctor, L. D., Knighton, R. S., Noshay, W. C. & Costello, R. T.. Little Brown & Co. [CK]
Kornetsky, C. & Eliasson, M. (1969) Reticular stimulation and chlorpromazine: An animal model for schizophrenic overarousal. Science 165:1273–74. [CK]
Kornetsky, C. & Markowitz, R. (1978) Animal models of schizophrenia. In: Psychophannacology: A generation of progress, ed. Lipton, M. A., DiMascio, A. & Killam, K. F.. Raven Press. [CK]
Kostarczyk, E. (1980) Autonomic changes accompanying instrumental responses and alimentary reinforcement. Seventh International Conference on the Physiology of Food and Fluid Intake “IUPS,” Warsaw. [EK]
Kostarczyk, E. & Fonberg, E. (1980) Tactile stimulation as an important factor involved in social motivation. Neurosciences Letters Supp. 5:S318 [EK]
Kostarczyk, E. (1982) Autonomic responses accompanying conditioned and unconditioned alimentary reactions in amygdalo-hypothalamically lesioned dogs. Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis 42:4358. [EK]
Kostarczyk, E. (1982) Characteristics of the heart rate in relation to the palatability of food in dogs. Appetite 3:321–28. [EK]
Liebman, J. M. & Butcher, L. L. (1973) Effects on self-stimulation behavior of drugs influencing dopaminergic neurotransmission mechanisms. Naunyn-Schtnicdebcrg's Archives of Pharmacology 277:305–18. [rRAW]
Liebman, J. M. & Butcher, L. L. (1974) Comparative involvement of dopamine and noradrenaline in rate-free self-stimulation in substantia nigra, lateral hypothalamus, and mesencephalic central gray. Naunyn Schmiedeberg's Archicves of Pharmacology 284:167194. [rRAW]
Lippa, A. S., Antelman, S. M., Fisher, A. E. & Canfield, D. R. (1973) Neurochemical mediation of reward: A significant role for dopamine? Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior 1:2328. [rRAW]
Lyon, M. & Randrup, A. (1972) The dose-response effect of amphetamine upon avoidance behaviour in the rat seen as a function of increasing stereotypy. Psychopharmacologia 23:334–47. [AJG]
Major, R. & White, N. (1978) Memory facilitation by self-stimulation reinforcement mediated by the nigro-neostriatal bundle. Physiology and Behavior 20:723–33. [rRAW]
Malmo, R. B. & Malmo, H. P. (1982) Wise's neural model implicating the reticular formation: Some queries. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5:6668. [rRAW]
Marshall, J. F., Levitan, D. & Strieker, E. M. (1976) Activation-induced restoration of sensorimotor functions in rats with dopamine-depleting brain lesions. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 90:536–46. [TJC]
Mindham, R. H. S. (1970) Psychiatric symptoms in Parkinsonism. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry 33:188–91. [TJC]
Mogenson, G. J., Takigawa, M., Robertson, A. & Wu, M. (1979) Self stimulation of the nucleus accumbens and ventral tegmental area of Tsai attenuated by microinjections of spiroperidol into the nucleus accumbens. Brain Research 171:247–54. [AJG]
Mowrer, O. H. (1960) Learning theory and behaviour. John Wiley and Sons. [EK]
Neill, D. (1982) Problems of concept and vocabulary in the anhedonia hypothesis. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5:70. [rRAW]
Nemeroff, C. B. & Luttinger, D. (1982) The anhedonia hypothesis of neuroleptic drug action: Basic and clinical considerations. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5:7071. [rRAW]
Olds, J. & Milner, P. M. (1954) Positive reinforcement produced by electrical stimulation of septal area and other regions of rat brain. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology 47:419–27. [AJG, rRAW]
Olds, J. & Travis, R. P. (1960) Effects of ehlorpromazine, meprobamate, pentobarbital and morphine on self-stimulation. Journal of Pharmacological and Experimental Therapeutics 128:397404. [TJC]
Olds, M. E. (1975) Effects of intraventricular 6-hydroxydopamine and replacement therapy with norepinephrine, dopamine and serotonin on self-stimulation in diencephalic and mesencephalic regions in the rat. Brain Research 98:327–42. [AJG]
Panksepp, J. (1982) The pleasure in brain substrates of foraging. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5:7172. [rRAW]
Pickens, R. & Harris, W. C. (1968) Self-administration of d-amphetamine by rats. Psychopharmacologia 12:158–63. [rRAW]
Rech, R. H. (1982) Neurolepsis: Anhedonia or blunting of emotional reactivity? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5:7273. [rRAW]
Redgrave, P. (1978) Modulation of intracranial self-stimulation behaviour by local perfusions of dopamine, noradrenaline and serotonin within the caudate nucleus and nucleus accumbens. Brain Research 155:277–95. [AJG]
Robin, A. H. (1976) Depression in patients with Parkinsonism. British Journal of Psychiatry 128:141–45. [TJC]
Sanger, D. J. (1978) Effects of d-amphetamine on temporal and spatial discrimination in rats. Psyclwphannacology 58:185–88. [AJG]
Schaefer, G. J. & Michael, R. P. (1980) Acute effects of neuroleptics on brain self-stimulation thresholds in rats. Psychopharmacology 67:915. [rRAW]
Seeman, P. (1980) Brain dopamine receptors. Pharmacological Reviews 32:229313. [SA]
Skinner, B. F. (1935a) The generic nature of the concepts of stimulus and response. Journal of General Psychology 12:4065. [rRAW]
Skinner, B. F. (1935b) Two types of conditioned reflex and a pseudotype. Journal of General Psychology 12:6677. [rRAW]
Solomon, P. R. & Crider, A. (1982) Attention, dopamine, and schizophrenia. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5:7576. [rRAW]
Soubrié, P. (1982) Neuroleptic-induced anhedonia: Some psychopharmacological implications. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5:7677. [rRAW]
Stein, L. (1978) Reward transmitters: Catecholamines and opioid peptides. In: Psychopharmacology: A generation of progress, ed. Lipton, M. A., Mascio, A. D. & Killam, K. F.. Raven Press. [AJG]
Stein, L. (1980) The chemistry of reward. In: Biology of reinforcement: Facets of brain stimulation reward, ed. Routtenberg, A.. Academic Press. [rRAW]
Stein, L. & Belluzzi, J. D. (1979) Brain endorphins: Possible role in reward and memory formation. Federation Proceedings 38:2468–72. [CK]
Stein, L. & Ray, O. S. (1960) Brain stimulation reward “thresholds” self-determined in rats. Psychopharmacologia 1:251–56. [AJG]
Stein, L. & Wise, C. D. (1971) Possible etiology of schizophrenia: Progressive damage to the noradrenergic reward systems by 6-hydroxydopainine. Science 171:1032–36. [CK]
Stellar, J. R., Kelley, A. E. & Corbett, D. (1983) Effects of peripheral and central dopamine blockade on lateral hypothalamic self-stimulation: Evidence for both reward and motor deficits. Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior 18:433–42. [rRAW]
Thompson, R. (1963) Thalamic structures critical for retention of an avoidance conditioned response in rats. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology 56:261–67. [SA]
Ungerstedt, U. (1974) Brain dopamine neurons and behaviour. In: The neurosciences: Third study program, ed. Schmitt, F. O. & Worden, F. G.. MIT Press. [TJC]
Valenstein, E. S. (1964) Problems of measurement and interpretation with reinforcing brain stimulation. Psychological Review 71:415–37. [AJG, TS, rRAW]
Vanderwolf, C. H. (1962) Medial thalamic functions in voluntary movement. Canadian Journal of Psychology 16:318–30. [SA]
White, N. & Major, R. (1978) Effect of pimozide on the improvement in learning produced by self-stimulation and by water reinforcement. Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior 8:565–71. [rRAW]
Wise, R. A. (1978) Catecholamine theories of reward: A critical review. Brain Research 152:215–47. [AJG]
Wise, R. A. (1978) Neuroleptic attenuation of intracranial self-stimulation: Reward of performance deficits? Life Science 22:535–42. IrRAW]
Wise, R. A. (1982a) Hypotheses of neuroleptic action: Levels of progress. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5:7882. [rRAW]
Wise, R. A. (1982b) Neuroleptics and operant behavior: The anhedonia hypothesis. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5:3953. [SA, TJC, AJG, CK, EK, TS, rRAW]
Wise, R. A. & Colic, L. (1984) Pimozide attenuates free feeding: Best scores analysis reveals a motivational deficit. Psychophannacology 84: 446–51. [rRAW]
Wise, R. A., Spindler, J., deWit, H. & Gerber, G. J. (1978a) Neurolepticinduced “anhedonia” in rats: Pimozide blocks reward quality of food. Science 201:262–64. [rRAW]
Wise, R. A., Spindler, J. & Legault, L. (1978b) Major attenuation of food reward with performance-sparing doses of pimozide in the rat. Canadian Journal of Psychology 32:7785. [rRAW]
Wyrwicka, W. (1975) The sensory nature of reward in instrumental behaviour. Pavlovian Journal of Biological Sciences 10:2351. [EK]
Zarevics, P. & Setler, P. E. (1979) Simultaneous rate-independent and ratedependent assessment of intracranial self-stimulation: Evidence for the direct involvement of dopamine in brain reinforcement mechanisms. Brain Research 169:449512. [AJG, rRAW]

Dopamine and circling, or décalage?

  • A. J. Greenshaw (a1)


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.