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Differentiated selves help only when identification is strong and tasks are complex

  • Bernard A. Nijstad (a1) and Carsten K. W. De Dreu (a2)

Abstract

Whereas differentiation is overestimated – it more often hurts than helps group performance – identification is underestimated. A more viable perspective sees identification and cooperative motivation as the sine qua non of group functioning, with differentiation helping in a relatively narrow set of cognitively complex tasks that require creativity and deep and deliberate information processing by individual members.

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