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The developmental and evolutionary origins of psychological essentialism lie in sortal object individuation

  • Hannes Rakoczy (a1) and Trix Cacchione (a2)

Abstract

Cimpian & Salomon (C&S) present promising steps towards understanding the cognitive underpinnings of adult essentialism. However, their approach is less convincing regarding ontogenetic and evolutionary aspects. In contrast to C&S's claim, the so-called inherence heuristic, though perhaps vital in adult reasoning, seems an implausible candidate for the developmental and evolutionary foundations of psychological essentialism. A more plausible candidate is kind-based object individuation that already embodies essentialist modes of thinking and that is present in infants and nonhuman primates.

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The developmental and evolutionary origins of psychological essentialism lie in sortal object individuation

  • Hannes Rakoczy (a1) and Trix Cacchione (a2)

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