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Complex realities require complex theories: Refining and extending the network approach to mental disorders

  • Angélique O. J. Cramer (a1), Lourens J. Waldorp (a1), Han L. J. van der Maas (a1) and Denny Borsboom (a1)
  • In response to commentaries on:


The majority of commentators agree on one thing: Our network approach might be the prime candidate for offering a new perspective on the origins of mental disorders. In our response, we elaborate on refinements (e.g., cognitive and genetic levels) and extensions (e.g., to Axis II disorders) of the network model, as well as discuss ways to test its validity.



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