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It's a long way up from comparative studies of animals to personality traits in humans

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  07 September 2005

Marvin Zuckerman*
Department of Psychology, University of Delaware, Newark, DE19716


Depue & Morrone-Strupinsky (D&M-S) have elaborated a detailed description of the motivational system for affiliation and its neurological basis. This “bottom-up” approach, based almost entirely on studies of nonhuman species, fails to connect with personality differences at the human level. A “top-down” approach looks for common biological markers in human and nonhuman species and relates these to behavior in both.

Open Peer Commentary
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2005

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