Hostname: page-component-848d4c4894-xfwgj Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-06-15T18:42:57.559Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

In Search of “That Semi-Mythical Waif: Hungarian Liberalism”: The Culture of Political Radicalism in 1918–1919

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  10 February 2009

Mary Gluck
Affiliation:
Associate Professor, Department of History, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912.

Extract

In contemporary discussions of the new, post-Communist regimes of Eastern Europe, Hungary is often given pride of place as the most “liberalized” society in the region. Although this perception is based on undeniable political and economic facts, it is also nourished by long-established historical traditions and myths. During the revolutions of 1848–49, Hungarians were also hailed by European opinion as the champions of liberty and heroic resistance to oppression. Over half a century later, in the wake of the political and military collapse of the Habsburg monarchy, Hungary once again staged a series of dramatic revolutions which earned it the reputation of being part of a political avant-garde. And in 1956, Hungarians yet again assumed the mantle of political idealism and revolutionary self-sacrifice in the face of foreign despotism.

Type
Articles
Copyright
Copyright © Center for Austrian Studies, University of Minnesota 1991

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

1 Kun, Béla, “Hungarian Kereskyism,” Pravda, 10 31, November 1, 1918Google Scholar, in Tõkés, Rudolf L., Béla Kun and the Hungarian Soviet Republic, The Origins and Role of the Communist Party of Hungary in the Revolutions of 1918–19 (New York: Frederick Praeger, 1967), p. 94Google Scholar.

2 Farkas, József, “Rohanunk a forradalomba:” A magyar irodalom eszmélése 1914–1919 (Budapest: Gondolat, 1969), p. 9Google Scholar.

3 Tihanyi, Leslie C. to Jászi, Oszkár, 11 29, 1935, “Jászi Collection,” Butler Library, Columbia UniversityGoogle Scholar.

4 See Károlyi, MihályEgy egész világ ellen (Against the entire world) (Budapest: Gondolat, 1965)Google Scholar; Bóhm, Vilmos, Két forradalom tüzében (In the fire of two revolutions) (Budapest: Népszava, n.d.)Google Scholar; Buchinger, Manó, Küzdelem a szocializmusért (Struggle for socialism) (Budapest: Népszava, n.d.)Google Scholar; Jászi, Oszkár, Jászi Oszkár publicisztikája: Válogatás (Oszkár Jászi's articles: A collection) (Budapest: Magvetö, 1982)Google Scholar; Sinkó, Ervin, Optimisták (Optimists) (Novi Sad: Forum, 19531955)Google Scholar; Kassák, Lajos, Egy ember élete (The life of a man) (Budapest: Pantheon, n.d.)Google Scholar.

5 Aprilis (November 20, 1918), p. 2.

6 Bõhm, Vilmos, Két forradalom tüzében, p. 152Google Scholar.

7 Buchinger, Manó, Küzdelem a szocializmusért, II, 3435Google Scholar.

8 Babits, Mihály, quoted in Farkas, József, Értelmiség és forradalom: Kultúra, sajtó, és irodalom a Magyar Tanácsköztársásgban (Intellectuals and revolution: Culture, the press, and literature during the Hungarian Socialist Republic) (Budapest: Kossuth, 1984), p. 32Google Scholar.

9 Tõkés, Rudolf, Béla Kun, p. 164Google Scholar.

10 Ibid., p. 22.

11 Jászi, Oszkár, “A háború átéléséröl” (Living through the war), Huszadik Század (07 1915), pp. 5253Google Scholar.

12 Polányi, Karl, “Fizikai és szellemi munka” (Physical and intellectual work), Szabadgondolat (03 1919)Google Scholar.

13 Kassák, Lajos, “Programme,” A Tett (03 20, 1916), p. 153Google Scholar.

14 Haraszti, Zoltán, “A betũktõl az istenig” (From language to divinity), A Tett (12 1, 1915), p. 37Google Scholar.

15 Vajda, János, “Világnézet,” A Tett 01 5, 1916), p. 70Google Scholar.

16 See Gluck, Mary, Georg Lukács and His Generation, 1900–1918 (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1985)Google Scholar.

17 Jászi, Oszkár, Mi a radikalizmus? (What is radicalism?) (Budapest: n.p., 1918), p. 7Google Scholar.

18 Haraszti, , “A betũktõl az istenig,” p. 39Google Scholar.

19 Editorial, Szabadgondolat (December 1918).

20 Lukács, Georg, “Taktika és etika” (Tactics and ethics) in Utam Marxhoz (My road to Marx) (Budapest: Gondolat, 1971), I, 196Google Scholar.

21 Sinkó, Ervin, Optimisták, I, 307Google Scholar.

22 Jászi, Oszkár, “Proletárdiktatúra” (Dictatorship of the proletariat), Szabadgondolat (12 1918)Google Scholar.

23 Barta, Sándor, “A kultúrában forradalmasított ember” (The culturally radicalized individual), Ma (06 1, 1919), p. 110Google Scholar.

24 Szélpál, Arpád, “Forradalmi mũvészet vagy pártmũvészet” (Revolutionary art versus party propaganda), Ma (01 26, 1919), p. 19Google Scholar.

25 Kassák, Lajos, “Aktivizmus” (Activism), Ma (04 10, 1919), p. 48Google Scholar.

26 Kassák, Lajos, Egy ember élete (The life of a man) (Budapest: Pantheon, n.d.), pp. 207208Google Scholar.

27 See Gerõ, András, “Népképviselet a Monarchia Magyarországán” (National representation in the Hungary of the Monarchy), Unpublished dissertation, University of Budapest, 1986Google Scholar.

28 Bõhm, Vilmos, Két formdalom tüzében, p. 210Google Scholar.