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Grace and the Word: Austria's Two Cultures and Their Modern Fate

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  10 February 2009

Carl E. Schorske
Affiliation:
Professor Emeritus, Department of History, Princeton University, NJ 08544–1017.

Extract

No one who has investigated the high culture of Vienna in the era of liberal ascendancy can fail to be impressed by the sturdy integration of its components. Not only were political, scientific, and aesthetic culture closely related to each other in principle and in practice, but the very social life and cultural forms of the elite sustained the synthesis achieved. Yet by the end of the nineteenth century, this complex was breaking apart, with aesthetic culture often going its separate way from the liberal-rationalist political and academic culture with which it had been linked. The character of this union and its breakup will provide my theme.

Type
Articles: Robert A. Kann Memorial Lecture (1984)
Copyright
Copyright © Center for Austrian Studies, University of Minnesota 1991

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References

1 Kann, Robert A., Kanzel und Katheder. Studien zur österreichischen Geistesgeschichte vom Spätbarock zur Frühromantik (Vienna, 1962)Google Scholar.

2 Metastasio's program of February 1755 is reproduced in Schmidt, Justus, Die Alte Universität und ihr Erbauer Jean Nicolas Jadot (Vienna and Leipzig, 1929), pp. 5456Google Scholar.

3 Die Fackel, No. 1 (beginning of April [sic], 1899), p. 15.

4 Neue Freie Presse, 28 March, 1900, cited in Bahr, Hermann, Gegen Klimt (Vienna, 1903), p. 23Google Scholar.

5 Ibid. For a fuller account, on which the above is based, see my Fin-de-siècle Vienna. Politics and Culture (New York, 1980), pp. 226252Google Scholar.

6 Die Fackel, No. 36 (end of March [sic], 1900), p. 19.

7 von Hofmannsthal, Hugo and von Bodenhausen, Eberhard, Briefe der Freundschaft (Berlin, 1953), p. 97Google Scholar.

8 von Hofmannsthal, Hugo, Dramen, Gesammelte Werke in Einzelausgaben, ed. by Steiner, Herbert (Frankfurt-am-Main, 1953), vol. IV, p. 207Google Scholar.

9 Kraus, Karl, Die letzen Tage der Menschheit (Munich, 1957), p. 770Google Scholar.

10 Schoenberg, Arnold, Moses und Aron, libretto, in Philips recording 6700–084 (Eindhoven, 1974), p. 20Google Scholar.