Skip to main content Accessibility help

Education for Sustainability: Assessing Pathways to the Future

  • John Huckle (a1)

It is easy to describe the mess the world is in, and to preach large changes of heart. Short, saleable books which do that may be useful if they persuade people in good directions, but only if people know how to move in those directions. (Hugh Stretton, 1976, p. 2)

In June 1992, the UN Conference on Environment and Development will be held in Brazil. A follow up to the World Commission on Environment and Development, it will mark the twentieth anniversary of the first UN conference on the environment, held in Stockholm in 1972. Promoting environmental education is one of 23 objectives for the conference.

Conference delegates in Brazil are likely to hear that the global ecological crisis has worsened, that sustainable development is not being realised, and that there is a continuing need for education. Yet more initiatives in environmental education are likely to be advocated and some delegates will go away feeling happier.

What they and others may fail to realise is that much environmental education is part of the problem rather than the solution. Current practice fails to reveal the true causes of environmental problems and to educate pupils in ways which enable them to realise sustainable development. It is based on inadequate theory and practice yet receives increasing support from powerful elites who must manage the global ecological crisis in their own interests.

Hide All
Abraham, J., Lacey, C. & Williams, M.Deception, Demonstration and Debate, WWF/Kogan Page, London, 1990.
Alexander, T.Value For People: Adult Education and Popular Planning, Clapham - Battersea Adult Education Institute, London, 1986.
Bahro, R.Socialism and Survival, Heretic Books, London, 1982.
Barbrook, R.The Third Way”, New Ground, 25, 1990, pp. 12 & 13.
Beddis, R.Only One Earth: An Introduction to the Education Pack, WWF/North-South Productions, London, 1988.
Blunkett, D. & Jackson, K.Democracy in Crisis: The Town Halls Respond, Hogarth Press, London, 1987.
Bodington, S.George, M. & Michaelson, J.Developing the Socially Useful Economy, Macmillan, London, 1986.
BBC/SCF/WWF (British Broadcasting Corporation, Save the Children Fund and World Wide Fund for Nature), One World Factfile, 1990.
Chambers, R.Sustainable Livelihoods: An Opportunity for the World Commission On Environment and Development, Institute for Development Studies, University of Sussex, Brighton, 1986.
Clammer, R.Greasley, B.McLeod, P. & Nicholls, R.Geography Today, Collins, London, 1987.
Costello, N., Michie, J. & Milne, S., Beyond the Casino Economy, Verso, London, 1989.
Daly, H. & Cobb, J.For the Common Good: Redirecting the Economy towards Community, the Environment and a Sustainable Future, Green Print, London, 1990.
Dauncey, G.After the Crash: The Emergence of the Rainbow Economy, Green Print, London, 1988.
DES (Department of Education and Science), Environmental education from 5 to 16, HMSO, London, 1989.
Elkington, J.The Green Capitalists, Victor Gollancz, London, 1987.
Elkins, P. (ed.) The Living Economy, Routledge & Kegan Paul, London, 1986.
Freire, P. & Shor, I.A Pedagogy For Liberation; dialogues on transforming education, Macmillan, London, 1987.
Giroux, H.Theory and Resistance in Education: A Pedagogy for the Opposition, Heinemann, London, 1983.
Giroux, H.Schooling for Democracy: Critical Pedagogy in the Modern Age, Routledge, London, 1989.
Glaeser, B. (ed.) Ecodevelopment: Concepts, Projects, Strategies, Pergamon, Oxford, 1984.
Goodland, R.The economics of Gaia”, Appropriate Technology, 16/2, 1989, pp. 68.
Gorz, A.Critique of Economic Reason, Verso, London, 1989.
Green, F. & Sutcliffe, B.The Profit System: the economics of capitalism, Penguin, Harmondsworth, 1987.
Greig, S., Pike, G. & Selby, D.Earthrights; education as if the planet really mattered, WWF/Kogan Page, London, 1987.
Greig, S., Pike, G. & Selby, D.Greenprints for Changing Schools, WWF/Kogan Page, London, 1989.
Grundy, S.Curriculum: Product or Praxis, Falmer Press, Lewes, 1987.
Gyford, J.The Politics of Local Socialism, George Allen & Unwin, London, 1985.
Harrison, J.Marxist Economics for Socialists: A Critique of Reformism, Pluto, London, 1978.
Harrison, P.The Greening of Africa, Penguin, Harmondsworth, 1987.
Hecht, S. & Cockburn, A.The Fate of the Forest: Developers, Destroyers and Defenders of the Amazon, Verso, London, 1989.
Hodgson, G.The Democratic Economy, Penguin, Harmondsworth, 1984.
Hopkin, J. & Morris, J.Environmental Issues, Heinemann Educational Books, London, 1987.
Huckle, J.Environmental Education”, in Huckle, J. (ed.) Geographical Education; reflection and action, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1983.
Huckle, J.Ten red questions to ask green teachers”, Green Teacher, 1/2, pp. 1115, 1986.
Huckle, J.Environment” in Education for Peace: Issues, Principles and Practice in the Classroom, Hicks, D. (ed.), Routledge, London, 1988a.
Huckle, J.What We Consume; the Teachers' Handbook, World Wide Fund for Nature, Richmond Publishing Company, Slough, 1988b.
Hutton, D. (ed.), Green Politics in Australia, Angus & Robertson, North Ryde, 1987.
Iris, M.Beware of the “Green” fashion”, Development Forum, 05-June, pp. 4 & 5, 1990.
Johnston, R.Environmental Problems, Bellhaven, London, 1989.
Jones, K.Right Turn: The Conservative Revolution in Education, Hutchinson, London, 1989.
Lacey, C. & Williams, R. (eds.) Education, Ecology and Development: The Case for an Education Network, WWF/Kogan Page, London, 1988.
Lohmann, L.Whose Common Future?”, The Ecologist, 20/3, pp. 8284, 1990.
MacNeill, J.Strategies for Sustainable Economic Development”, Scientific American, 09, pp. 105113, 1989.
Martin, P.First Steps to Sustainability: the school curriculum and the environment, WWF-UK, Godalming, 1990.
Meadows, D.Harvesting One Hundredfold: Key Concepts and Case Studies in Environmental Education, UNEP, Paris, 1989.
North, R.The Real Cost, Chatto & Windus, London, 1986.
O'Connor, J.Capitalism, Nature, Socialism: A Theoretical Introduction”, Capitalism, Nature, Socialism, 1(1), 1988, pp. 1138.
O'Connor, J.Uneven and combined development and ecological crisis: a theoretical introduction”, Race & Class, 30(3), pp. 112, 1989.
O'Riordan, T.Environmentalism, Pion, London, 1981.
O'Riordan, T. “The Politics of Sustainability”, in Turner, R.(ed.), (1988), op cit., pp. 2950.
Pearce, D., Markandya, A. & Barbier, E.Blueprint for a Green Economy, Earthscan, London, 1989.
Pepper, D.The Roots of Modern Environmentalism, Croom Helm, London, 1984.
Porrit, J. & Winner, D.The Coming of the Greens, Fontana, London, 1989.
Randell, D.Teaching Green: A parent's guide to education for life on Earth, Green Print, London, 1989.
Rees, W.The Ecology of Sustainable Development”, The Ecologist, 20/1, 1990, pp. 1823.
Redclift, M.Sustainable Development: Exploring the Contradictions, Methuen, London, 1987.
Redclift, M.Turning Nightmares into Dreams: The Green Movement in Eastern Europe”, The Ecologist, 19/5, 1989, pp. 177183.
Redclift, M.Beyond the Buzzword: Defining Sustainable Development”, New Ground, Spring, 1990, pp. 4 & 5.
Riddell, R.Ecodevelopment: Economics, Ecology and Development, Gower, New York, 1981.
Roberts, A.The Self Managing Environment, Allison & Busby, London, 1979.
Robertson, J.Future Wealth: A New Economics for the 21st Century, Cassell, London, 1990.
Robottom, I. (ed.) Environmental Education: Practice and Possibility, Deakin University Press, Deakin, 1987.
Ryle, M.Ecology and Socialism, Century Hutchinson, London, 1987.
Sandbach, F.Environment, Ideology and Policy, Basil Blackwell, Oxford, 1980.
Schnaiberg, A.The Environment from Surplus to Scarcity, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1980.
Schneider, B.The Barefoot Revolution; A Report to the Club of Rome, Intermediate Technology Publications, London, 1988.
Seabrook, J. & Blackwell, T.The Politics of Hope: Britain at the End of the Twentieth Century, Faber & Faber, London, 1988.
Seabrook, J.The Race for Riches: The Human Cost of Wealth, Green Print, London, 1988.
Shor, I.Critical Teaching for Everyday Life, South End Press, Boston, 1980.
Simon, B.Bending the Rules: The Baker “Reform” of Education, Lawrence and Wishart, London, 1988.
Spretnak, C. & Capra, F.Green Politics: The Global Promise, Grafton, London, 1985.
Starke, L.Signs of Hope: working towards Our Common Future, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1990.
Stretton, H.Capitalism, Socialism and the Environment, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1976.
Timberlake, L.Only One Earth: Living for the Future, BBC Books/Earthscan, London, 1987.
Trainer, T.Abandon Affluence, Zed Books, London, 1985.
Trainer, T.Towards an Ecological Philosophy of Education”, Discourse, 10/2, 1990, pp. 92117.
Trudgill, S.Costing the Future Environment”, Geography Review, 3/5, 1990, pp. 3841.
Turner, R. “Sustainability, Resource Conservation and Pollution Control: An Overview”, in Turner, R. (ed.), 1988, op cit., pp. 125.
Turner, R. (ed.), Sustainable Environmental Management: Principles and Practice, Bellhaven, London, 1988.
UNESCO-UNEP, “Sustainable Development Via Environmental Education”, Connect, XIII (2), 1988, pp. 13.
Wallace, I.The Global Economic System, Unwin Hyman, London, 1990.
WCED (World Commission on Environment and Development), Our Common Future, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1987.
Weber, T.Hugging the Trees: The Story of the Chipko Movement, Penguin, Harmondsworth, 1989.
Weston, J. (ed.) Red and Green: The New Politics of the Environment, Pluto, London, 1986.
Wright, N.Assessing Radical Education, Open University Press, Milton Keynes, 1989.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Australian Journal of Environmental Education
  • ISSN: 0814-0626
  • EISSN: 2049-775X
  • URL: /core/journals/australian-journal-of-environmental-education
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed