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XVII. A Letter from John Gage, Esq. Director, to Sir Henry Ellis, Secretary, accompanying extracts from the Household Book of Edward Stafford, Duke of Buckingham

  • John Gage

Extract

Thornbury, in Gloucestershire, rebuilt by Edward, Duke of Buckingham, is a remarkable example of the mixed architecture of the Castle and the Hall; in which, as far as the design was carried into execution, military and civil conveniences were happily united. In the book of the survey of the Duke of Buckingham's lands, we have the following general description of the place, at the time of the tragic death of the noble owner.

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page 311 note a In the Chapter House, Westminster.

page 313 note b The rents and farms decayed in the Lordship of Thornbury by the inclosures taken into the three parks amounted to 48l. 19s. 4d. The total value of the Lordship was 238l. 11s. 5¾d. exclusive of Filmer Wood, containing a hundred acres valued at 661. 13s. 4d. The number of the manrood was 175 and there were many bondmen of good substance.

page 313 note c Before the close of the reign of King Henry VII. the Duke of Buckingham was becoming an object of jealousy to the Crown.

page 318 note c Sextarius Vini, mensura continens quatuor galones in Fleta, lib. 2. c. 12, § 11, quarterium vocant Londinenses, apud Spelman. Anglice quart bottle. In libro quotidiano Henrici Coraitis Northumberland vocatur Pottle.

page 318 note d Lag. pro lagena. Mensura liquidorum continens minor sexta parte congij, Hebraice lág. Leviticus XIV.—Anglice flaggon.

page 318 note e Servientes, non de pane et mensa, sed vassalli, tenentes de manerio de Penshurst, cujus Dominus fuit Dux Buckingham, feudatorii.

page 318 note f Famulus est ministralis, ut scutifer, Anglice esquire; est sujierioiis ordinis quam seruens. primo nobiles, secundo milites, famuli, servicntes.—Du Cange.

page 319 note g The “Liber Loci Benedicti de Whalley” contains many quaint sermons which appear to have been preached in the Abbey Church, and in the exordium of one of them the place appropriated for the Garcons at feasts is particularly pointed out, “Fratres mei dilecti, cum imperatores, reges, et alij plerique inferiores prandere volunt, tubis convocant commessuros. Congregati igitur et discumbentes, quidam cum architriclinio, quidam cum mediocribus de populo, quidam vero cum garcionibus in aule medio, vel exterius in atrio, priusquam comedant orationem faciunt, sicq. gratiarum actione loti suscipiunt digustando.”

page 319 note h In the Privy Purse Expenses of King Henry VIII. occurs, “It'm to the Maister of the king's beres by way of Rewarde xls.”

page 329 note a This being a fasting day in Advent, the household has no allowances for breakfast or supper.

XVII. A Letter from John Gage, Esq. Director, to Sir Henry Ellis, Secretary, accompanying extracts from the Household Book of Edward Stafford, Duke of Buckingham

  • John Gage

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