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Diet for diabetic control - part 1

In a nutshell

Many of the dietary approaches that have been used to improve glucose control in type 2 diabetes involve variations in one or more of CHO, protein and fat.

Extra protein does enhance insulin response short term, but we lack evidence of a long term benefit. Limited evidence suggests a similar benefit from monounsaturated fats.

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References

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1. Bantle, JP. et al. Nutrition recommendations and interventions for diabetes--2006: a position statement of the American Diabetes Association. Diabetes Care. 2006 Sep;29(9):2140–57.
2. Franz, MJ. et al. Evidence-based nutrition principles and recommendations for the treatment and prevention of diabetes and related complications. Diabetes Care. 2003 Jan;26 Suppl 1:S51–61.
3. Moore, H. et al. Dietary advice for treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus in adults. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2004;(3):CD004097.
4. Hermansen, ML. et al. Can the Glycemic Index (GI) be used as a tool in the prevention and management of Type 2 diabetes? Rev Diabet Stud. 2006 Summer;3(2):6171.
5. Helman, A. Chromium and diabetes. Arb Clin Nutr Upd. 2007;283:13.
6. Chausmer, AB. Zinc, insulin and diabetes. J Am Coll Nutr. 1998 Apr;17(2):109–15.
7. Ros, E. Dietary cis-monounsaturated fatty acids and metabolic control in type 2 diabetes. Am J Clin Nutr. 2003 Sep;78(3 Suppl):617S625S.
8. Toeller, M. [What is your diabetic patient allowed to eat] MMW Fortschr Med. 2006 Apr 27;148(17):41–3, 45–6.
9. Franz, MJ. et al. Evidence-based nutrition principles and recommendations for the treatment and prevention of diabetes and related complications. Diabetes Care. 2002 Jan;25(1):148198
10. Newsholme, P. et al. Amino acid metabolism, insulin secretion and diabetes. Biochem Soc Trans. 2007 Oct;35(Pt 5):1180–6.
11. Sudha, V. et al. Current dietary trends in the management of diabetes. Indian J Med Res. 2004 Jul;120(1):48.
12. de Mello, VD. et al. Withdrawal of red meat from the usual diet reduces albuminuria and improves serum fatty acid profile in type 2 diabetes patients with macroalbuminuria. Am J Clin Nutr. 2006 May;83(5):1032–8.
13. Dussol, B. et al. A randomized trial of low-protein diet in type 1 and in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients with incipient and overt nephropathy. J Ren Nutr. 2005 Oct;15(4):398406.
14. Eckel, RH. A new look at dietary protein in diabetes. Am J Clin Nutr. 2003 Oct;78(4):671–2.
15. Franz, MJ. Protein and diabetes: much advice, little research. Curr Diab Rep. 2002 Oct;2(5):457–64.
16. Robertson, L. et al. Protein restriction for diabetic renal disease. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2007 Oct 17;(4):CD002181.
17. Garg, A. High-monounsaturated-fat diets for patients with diabetes mellitus: a meta-analysis. Am J Clin Nutr. 1998 Mar;67(3 Suppl):577S582S.
18. Farmer, A. et al. Fish oil in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2001;(3):CD003205.

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Diet for diabetic control - part 1

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