Aoyama, K., Flege, J. E., Guion, S. G., Akahane-Yamada, R., & Yamada, T. (2004). Perceived phonetic dissimilarity and L2 speech learning: The case of Japanese /r/ and English /l/ and /r/. Journal of Phonetics, 32, 233–250.
Best, C. T. (1994). The emergence of native-language phonological influences in infants: A perceptual assimilation model. In Goodman, J. C. & Nusbaum, H. (Eds.), in The development of speech perception: The transition from speech sounds to spoken words (pp. 167–224). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Best, C. T. (1995). A direct-realist view of cross-language speech perception. In Strange, W. (Ed.), Speech perception and linguistic experience: Issues in cross-language research (pp. 171–204). Timonium, MD: York Press.
Best, C. T., Faber, A., & Levitt, A. (1996). Perceptual assimilation of non-native vowel contrasts to the American English Vowel System. Paper presented at the Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America, Indianapolis, IN.
Best, C. T., & Strange, W. (1992). Effects of language-specific phonological and phonetic factors on cross-language perception of approximants. Journal of Phonetics, 20, 305–330.
Best, C. T., & Tyler, M. D. (2007). Nonnative and second-language speech perception: Commonalities and complementarities. In Munro, J. & Bohn, O.-S. (Eds.), Second language speech learning: The role of language experience in speech perception and production (pp. 13–34). Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Best, C. T., Tyler, M. D., Gooding, T., Orlando, C., & Quann, C. (2009). Toddlers’ spoken word familiarity preferences in native versus nonnative dialects. Psychological Science, 20, 539–542.
Boersma, P., & Weenink, D. (2008). Praat: Doing phonetics by computer (Version 5.0.27) [Computer program]. Retrieved June 28, 2008, from http://www.praat.org/
Bohn, O.-S. (1995). What determines the perceptual difficulty encountered in the acquisition of nonnative contrasts? Paper presented at the 13th International Conference of Phonetic Sciences, Stockholm.
Bohn, O.-S., & Bundgaard-Nielsen, R. L. (2009). Second language speech learning with diverse input. In Young-Scholten, M. & Piske, T. (Eds.), Input matters in SLA (pp. 207–218). Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.
Bohn, O.-S., & Flege, J. E. (1992). The production of new and similar vowels by adult German learners of English. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 14, 131–158.
Cebrian, J. (2006). Experience and the use of non-native duration in L2 vowel categorization. Journal of Phonetics, 34, 372–387.
Cox, F. (2006). The acoustic characteristics of /hVd/ vowels in the speech of some Australian teenagers. Australian Journal of Linguistics, 26, 147–179.
Escudero, P., & Boersma, P. (2004). Bridging the gap between L2 speech perception research and phonological theory. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 26, 551–585.
Flege, J. E. (1987). The production of “new” and “similar” phones in a foreign language: Evidence for the effect of equivalence classification. Journal of Phonetics, 15, 47–65.
Flege, J. E. (1995). Second language speech learning—Theory, findings, and problems. In Strange, W. (Ed.), Speech perception and linguistic experience: Issues in cross-language research (pp. 233–277). Baltimore, MD: York Press.
Flege, J. E. (2002). Interactions between the native and second-language phonetic systems. In Burmeister, P., Piske, T., & Rohde, A. (Eds.), An integrated view of language development—Papers in honor of Henning Wode (pp. 217–244). Trier, Germany: Wissenschaftlicher Verlag Trier.
Flege, J. E., Bohn, O.-S., & Jang, S. (1997). Effects of experience on non-native speakers’ production and perception of English vowels. Journal of Phonetics, 25, 437–470.
Flege, J. E., & Liu, S. (2001). The effect of experience on adults’ acquisition of a second language. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 23, 527–552.
Flege, J. E., & MacKay, I. R. A. (2004). Perceiving vowels in a second language. Studies of Second Language Acquisition, 26, 1–34.
Flege, J. E., Munro, M., & MacKay, I. R. A. (1995). Effects of age of second language learning on the production of English consonants. Speech Communication, 16, 1–26.
Goto, H. (1971). Auditory perception by normal Japanese adults oft the sounds “L” and “R.” Neuropsychologia, 9, 317–323.
Gottfried, T. L., & Beddor, P. S. (1988). Perception of temporal and spectral information in French vowels. Language and Speech, 31, 57–75.
Goudbeek, M., Cutler, A., & Smits, R. (2008). Supervised and unsupervised learning of multidimensionally varying nonnative speech categories. Speech Communication, 50, 109–125.
Guion, S. G., Flege, J. E., Akahane-Yamada, R., & Pruitt, J. C. (2000). An investigation of current models of second language speech perception: The case of Japanese adults’ perception of English consonants. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 107, 2711–2724.
International Phonetics Association, . (1999). Handbook of the International Phonetic Association. Cambridge, MA: Author.
Ingram, J. C. L., & Park, S.-G. (1997). Cross-language vowel perception and production by Japanese and Korean learners of English. Journal of Phonetics, 25, 343–370.
Iverson, P., & Evans, G. E. (2007). Learning English vowels with different first-language vowel systems: Perception of formant targets, formant movement, and duration. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 122, 2842–2854.
Jenkins, J. J., Strange, W., & Polka, L. (1995). Not everyone can tell a “rock” from a “lock”: Assessing individual differences in speech perception. In Lubinski, D. J. & Dawis, R. V. (Eds.), Assessing individual differences in human behavior: New concepts, methods, and findings (pp. 297–325). Palo Alto, CA: Davies-Black Publishing.
Krebs-Lazendic, L., & Best, C. T. (2008). Early and late bilinguals’ vowel perception and production: English vowel contrasts that give Serbian–English bilinguals a H(E)AD-ache. In Rauber, A. S., Watkins, M. A., & Baptista, B. O. (Eds.), New sounds 2007: Proceedings of the Fifth International Symposium on the Acquisition of Second Language Speech. Florianópolis, Brazil: Federal University of Santa Catarina.
Laufer, B., & Nation, P. (1999). A vocabulary size test of controlled productive ability. Language Testing, 16, 33–51.
McAllister, R., Flege, J. E., & Piske, T. (2002). The influence of the L1 on the acquisition of Swedish vowel quantity by native speakers of Spanish, English and Estonian. Journal of Phonetics, 30, 229–258.
Metsala, J. L. (1999). Young children's phonological awareness and nonword repetition as a function of vocabulary development. Journal of Educational Psychology, 91, 3–19.
Metsala, K. L., & Walley, A. C. (1998). Spoken vocabulary growth and the segmental restructuring of lexical representations: Precursors to phonemic awareness and early reading ability. In Metsala, J. L. & Ehri, L. C. (Eds.), Word recognition in beginning literacy (pp. 89–120). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
Morrison, G. S. (2002). Japanese listeners’ use of duration cues in the identification of English high front vowels. In Larson, J. & Paster, M. (Eds.), Proceedings of the 28th Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society (pp. 189–200). Berkeley, CA: Berkeley Linguistics Society.
Munro, M., Flege, J. E., & MacKay, I. (1996). The effect of age of second language learning on the production of English vowels. Applied Psycholinguistics, 17, 313–334.
Nation, P. (1993). Measuring readiness for simplified reasding: A test of the first 1000 words of English. RELC Journal, 31, 193–203.
Smith, B. L., McGregor, K. K., & Demille, D. (2006). Phonological development in lexically precocious 2-year-olds. Applied Psycholinguistics, 27, 355–375.
Stager, C. L., & Werker, J. F. (1997). Infants listen for more phonetic detail in speech perception than in word learning tasks. Nature, 388, 381–382.
Strange, W. (1998a). Perception of vowels: Dynamic constancy. In Pickett, J. M. (Ed.), The acoustics of speech communication: Fundamentals, speech perception theory, and technology (pp. 152–165). Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
Strange, W. (1998b). Perception of consonants: From variance to invariance. In Pickett, J. M. (Ed.), The acoustics of speech communication: Fundamentals, speech perception theory, and technology (pp. 166–182). Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
Strange, W., Akahane-Yamada, R., Kubo, R., Trent, S. A., Nishi, K., & Jenkins, J. J. (1998). Perceptual assimilation of American English vowels by Japanese listeners. Journal of Phonetics, 26, 311–344.
Strange, W., Weber, A., Levy, E. S., Shafiro, V., Hisagi, M., & Nishi, K. (2007). Acoustic variability within and across German, French and American English vowels: Phonetic context effects. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 122, 1111–1129.
Swingley, D. (2003). Phonetic detail in the developing lexicon. Language and Speech, 46, 265–294.
Tsao, F.-M., Liu, H.-M., & Kuhl, P. K. (2004). Speech perception in infancy predicts language development in the second year of life: A longitudinal study. Child Development, 75, 1067–1084.
Tsujimura, N. (1996). An introduction to Japanese linguistics. Malden, MA: Blackwell.
Tsukada, K., Birdsong, D., Bialystok, E., Mack, M., Sung, H., & Flege, J. E. (2005). A developmental study of English vowel production and perception by native Korean adults and children. Journal of Phonetics, 33, 263–290.
Werker, J., & Tees, R. C. (1984). Phonemic and phonetic factors in adult cross-language speech perception. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 75, 1866–1878.