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The effect of implicit causality and consequentiality on nonnative pronoun resolution

  • WEI CHENG (a1) and AMIT ALMOR (a1)


We report two sentence-completion experiments investigating how nonnative speakers use universal semantic and discourse information, which are implicit causality and consequentiality biases associated with psychological verbs, to resolve pronouns. The results indicate that intermediate-advanced and advanced Chinese-speaking English learners show weaker implicit causality and consequentiality biases than native English speakers in pronoun resolution. Instead, nonnative speakers exhibit a general subject or first-mention bias. These findings suggest that nonnative speakers do not use semantic and discourse information in comprehension as effectively as native speakers.


Corresponding author

ADDRESS FOR CORRESPONDENCE Wei Cheng, Linguistics Program, 909 Welsh Humanities Building, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208. E-mail:


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The effect of implicit causality and consequentiality on nonnative pronoun resolution

  • WEI CHENG (a1) and AMIT ALMOR (a1)


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