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New investigations at the Middle Stone Age site of Pockenbank Rockshelter, Namibia

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In southern Africa, Middle Stone Age sites with long sequences have been the focus of intense international and interdisciplinary research over the past decade (cf. Wadley 2015). Two techno-complexes of the Middle Stone Age—the Still Bay and Howiesons Poort—have been associated with many technological and behavioural innovations of Homo sapiens. The classic model argues that these two techno-complexes are temporally separated ‘horizons’ with homogenous material culture (Jacobs et al. 2008), reflecting demographic pulses and supporting large subcontinental networks. This model was developed on the basis of evidence from southern African sites regarded as centres of subcontinental developments.

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*Author for correspondence (Email: isabell.schmidt@uni-koeln.de)

References

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Hensel, E.A. 2016. Geoarchäologische Untersuchungen zur Genese der Sedimentabfolge des Middle und Early Later Stone Age im Pockenbank Rock Shelter Südwest Namibia. Unpublished MA dissertation, University of Cologne.
Jacobs, Z., Roberts, R.G., Galbraith, R.F., Deacon, H.J., Grün, R., MacKay, A., Mitchell, P., Vogelsang, R. & Wadley, L.. 2008. Ages for the Middle Stone Age of southern Africa: implications for human behavior and dispersal. Science 322: 733–35. http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1162219
Ossendorf, G. 2013. Spätpleistozäne Jäger-Sammler des südwestlichen Namibias. PhD dissertation, University of Cologne. Available at: http://kups.ub.uni-koeln.de/6636/ (accessed 16 June 2016).
Vogelsang, R. 1998. Middle-Stone-Age-Fundstellen in Südwest-Namibia. Africa Praehistorica 11. Köln: Heinrich-Barth-Institut.
Vogelsang, R., Richter, J., Jacobs, Z., Eichhorn, B., Linseele, V. & Roberts, R.G.. 2010. New excavations of Middle Stone Age deposits at Apollo 11 rock shelter, Namibia: stratigraphy, archaeology, chronology and past environments. Journal of African Archaeology 8: 185218. http://dx.doi.org/10.3213/1612-1651-10170
Wadley, L. 2015. Those marvellous millennia: the Middle Stone Age of southern Africa. Azania: Archaeological Research in Africa 50: 155226. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0067270X.2015.1039236
Wendt, W.E. 1972. Preliminary report on an archaeological research programme in south west Africa. Cimbebasia B (2): 161.

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