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Flint ‘figurines’ from the Early Neolithic site of Kharaysin, Jordan

  • Juan José Ibáñez (a1), Juan R. Muñiz (a2), Thomas Huet (a3), Jonathan Santana (a4) (a5), Luis C. Teira (a6), Ferran Borrell (a1), Rafael Rosillo (a7) and Eneko Iriarte (a8)...

Abstract

During the Early Neolithic in the Near East, particularly from the mid ninth millennium cal BC onwards, human iconography became more widespread. Explanations for this development, however, remain elusive. This article presents a unique assemblage of flint artefacts from the Middle Pre-Pottery Neolithic B (eighth millennium BC) site of Kharaysin in Jordan. Contextual, morphological, statistical and use-wear analyses of these artefacts suggest that they are not tools but rather human figurines. Their close association with burial contexts suggests that they were manufactured and discarded during mortuary rituals and remembrance ceremonies that included the extraction, manipulation and redeposition of human remains.

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Copyright

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted reuse, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Corresponding author

*Author for correspondence: ✉ ibanezjj@imf.csic.es

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Keywords

Flint ‘figurines’ from the Early Neolithic site of Kharaysin, Jordan

  • Juan José Ibáñez (a1), Juan R. Muñiz (a2), Thomas Huet (a3), Jonathan Santana (a4) (a5), Luis C. Teira (a6), Ferran Borrell (a1), Rafael Rosillo (a7) and Eneko Iriarte (a8)...

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