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The early management of cattle (Bos taurus) in Neolithic central Anatolia

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  02 January 2015

Benjamin S. Arbuckle
Affiliation:
1Department of Anthropology, Forensic Science and Archaeology, Baylor University, One Bear Place 97173, Waco TX, 76798-7173, USA (Email: benjamin_arbuckle@baylor.edu)
Cheryl A. Makarewicz
Affiliation:
2Stanford Archaeology Center, Stanford University, 488 Escondido Mall, Stanford CA, 94305, USA
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Abstract

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The authors use metrical, demographic and body part analyses of animal bone assemblages in Anatolia to demonstrate how cattle were incorporated into early Neolithic subsistence economies. Sheep and goats were domesticated in the eighth millennium BC, while aurochs, wild cattle, were long hunted. The earliest domesticated cattle are not noted until the mid-seventh millennium BC, and derive from imported stock domesticated elsewhere. In Anatolia, meanwhile, the aurochs remains large and wild and retains its charisma as a hunted quarry and a stud animal.

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Research
Copyright
Copyright © Antiquity Publications Ltd 2009

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