Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Airborne spectral imagery for archaeological prospection in grassland environments—an evaluation of performance

  • Rebecca Bennett (a1), Kate Welham (a2), Ross A. Hill (a2) and Andrew Ford (a2)

Abstract

The new generation of aerial photographers is using different wavelengths to sense archaeological features. This is effective but can be expensive. Here the authors use data already collected for environmental management purposes, and evaluate it for archaeological prospection on pasture. They explore the visibility of features in different seasons and their sensitivity to different wavelengths, using principal components analysis to seek out the best combinations. It turns out that this grassland gave up its secrets most readily in January, when nothing much was growing, and overall the method increased the number of known sites by a good margin. This study is of the greatest importance for developing the effective survey of the world's landscape, a quarter of which is under grass.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Barnes, I. 2003. Aerial remote-sensing techniques used in the management of archaeological monuments on the British Army's Salisbury Plain Training Area, Wiltshire, UK. Archaeological Prospection 10: 8390.
Beck, A. 2011. Archaeological applications of multi/hyper-spectral data-challenges and potential, in Cowley, D. C. (ed.) Remote sensing for archaeological heritage management: proceedings of the 11th EAC Heritage Management Symposium, Reykjavk, Iceland, 25-27 March 2010 (EAC occasional paper 5): 8797. Brussels: Europae Archaeologia Consilium (EAC).
Beck, A., Philip, G., Abdulkarim, M. & Donoghue, D.. 2007. Evaluation of Corona & Ikonos high resolution satellite imagery for archaeological prospection in western Syria. Antiquity 81: 161–75.
Ben-Dor, E., Patkin, K., Banin, A. & Karnieli, A.. 2002. Mapping of several soil properties using DAIS-7915 hyperspectral scanner data-a case study over clayey soils in Israel. International Journal of Remote Sensing 23: 1043–62.
Ben-Dor, E., Chabrillat, S., Dematt, J.A.M., Taylor, G. R., Hill, J., Whiting, M. L. & Sommer, S.. 2009. Using imaging spectroscopy to study soil properties. Remote Sensing of Environment 113: S38S55.
Bennett, R. 2011. Archaeological remote sensing: visualisation and analysis of grass-dominated environments using airborne laser scanning and digital spectra data. Unpublished PhD dissertation, Bournemouth University. Available at http://www.pushingthesensors.com/thesis.
Bennett, R., Welham, K., Hill, R. A. & Ford, A.. 2011. Making the most of airborne remote sensing techniques for archaeological survey and interpretation, in Cowley, D. C. (ed.) Remote sensing for archaeological heritage management: proceedings of the 11th EAC Heritage Management Symposium, Reykjavck, Iceland, 25-27 March 2010 (EAC occasional paper 5): 99106. Brussels: Europae Archaeologia Consilium (EAC).
Bennett, R., Welham, K., Hill, R. A. & Ford, A.. 2012a. Using lidar as part of a multisensor approach to archaeological survey and interpretation, in Cowley, D. C. & Opitz, R. (ed.) Interpreting archaeological topography-airborne laser scanning, aerial photographs and ground observation: 198205. Oxford: Oxbow.
Bennett, R., Welham, K., Hill, R. A. & Ford, A.. 2012b. The application of vegetation indices for the prospection of archaeological features in grass-dominated environments. Archaeological Prospection 19: 209–18.
Bewley, R. H., Crutchley, S. P. & Shell, C. A.. 2005. New light on an ancient landscape: lidar survey in the Stonehenge World Heritage Site. Antiquity 79: 636–47.
Challis, K. & Howard, A. J.. 2006. A review of trends within archaeological remote sensing in alluvial environments. Archaeological Prospection 13: 231–40.
Challis, K., Kincey, M. & Howard, A. J.. 2009. Airborne remote sensing of valley floor geoarchaeology using Daedalus ATM and CASI. Archaeological Prospection 16: 1733.
Crutchley, S. 2000. Salisbury Plain Training Area-a report for the National Mapping Programme. Swindon: English Heritage.
Crutchley, S. 2002. Understanding Salisbury Plain, England: analysis of the aerial evidence, in Bewley, R. & Raczkowski, W. (ed.) Aerial archaeology: developing future practice (NATO Science Series: 1, Life & Behavioural Sciences 337): 256–61. Amsterdam & Washington, D.C.: IOS.
Donoghue, D. & Shennan, I.. 1988. The application of remote sensing to environmental archaeology. Geoarchaeology 3: 275–85.
Evans, R. & Jones, R.J.A.. 1977. Crop marks and soil marks at two archaeological sites in Britain. Journal of Archaeological Science 4: 6376.
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. 2010. FAO statistical yearbook. Rome: FAO.
Gheyle, W., Trommelmans, R., Bourgeois, J., Goossens, R., Bourgeois, I., De Wulf, M. & Willems, T.. 2004. Evaluating CORONA: a case study in the Altai Republic (South Siberia). Antiquity 78: 391403.
Govender, M., Chetty, K. & Bulcock, H.. 2007. A review of hyperspectral remote sensing and its application in vegetation and water resource studies. Water SA 33: 145–51.
Hejcman, M. & Smrz, Z.. 2010. Cropmarks in stands of cereals, legumes and winter rape indicate sub-soil archaeological features in the agricultural landscape of central Europe. Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment 138: 348–54.
Hejcman, M., Ondracek, J. & Smrz, Z.. 2011. Ancient waste pits with wood ash irreversibly increase crop production in central Europe. Plant and Soil 339: 341350.
Khadkikar, A., Rajshekhar, C. & Kumaran, K.. 2004. Palaeogeography around the Harappan port of Lothal, Gujarat, western India. Antiquity 78: 896903.
McOmish, D., Field, D. & Brown, G.. 2002. The field archaeology of the Salisbury Plain Training Area. Swindon: English Heritage.
Mulder, V. L., De Bruin, S., Schaepman, M. E. & Mayr, T. R.. 2011. The use of remote sensing in soil and terrain mapping-a review. Geoderma 162: 119.
Mumford, G. & Parcak, S.. 2002. Satellite image analysis and archaeological fieldwork in El-Markha Plain (South Sinai). Antiquity 76: 953–54.
Philip, G., Donoghue, D., Beck, A. & Galiatsatos, N.. 2002. CORONA satellite photography: an archaeological application from the Middle East. Antiquity 76: 109–18.
Powlesland, D., Lyall, J., Hopkinson, G., Donoghue, D., Beck, M., Harte, A. & Stott, D.. 2006. Beneath the sand-remote sensing, archaeology, aggregates and sustainability: a case study from Heslerton, the Vale of Pickering, North Yorkshire, UK. Archaeological Prospection 13: 291–99.
Rowlands, A. & Sarris, A.. 2007. Detection of exposed and subsurface archaeological remains using multi-sensor remote sensing. Journal of Archaeological Science 34: 795803.
Stone, E. C. 2008. Patterns of looting in southern Iraq. Antiquity 82: 125–38.
Traviglia, A. 2005. A semi-empirical index for estimating soil moisture from MIVIS data to identify sub-surface archaeological sites, in ASITA (ed.) 9a Conferenza Nazionale ASITA-Federazione delle Associazioni Scientifiche per le Informazioni Territoriali e Ambientali. Centro Congressuale ‘Le Ciminiere’-Catania 15-18 November 2005. Vol.2: 1969–74. Milano: ASITA.
Traviglia, A. 2006. Archaeological usability of hyperspectral images: successes and failures of image processing techniques, in Campana, S. & Forte, M. (ed.) From space to place: 2nd International Conference on Remote Sensing in Archaeology. Proceedings of the 2nd International Workshop, CNR, Rome, Italy, December 4-7, 2006 (British Archaeological Reports international series 1568): 123–30. Oxford: Archaeopress.
Turner, S. & Crow, J.. 2010. Unlocking historic landscapes in the Eastern Mediterranean: two pilot studies using Historic Landscape Characterisation. Antiquity 84: 216–29.
Ur, J. 2003. CORONA satellite photography and ancient road networks: a northern Mesopotamian case study. Antiquity 77: 102–15.
Verhoeven, G. J. 2009. Beyond conventional boundaries. Unpublished PhD dissertation, Ghent University.
Verhoeven, G. J. 2011. Near-infrared aerial crop mark archaeology: from its historical use to current digital implementations. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory 18: 129.
Verhoeven, G. J. & Schmitt, K. D.. 2010. An attempt to push back frontiers-digital near-ultraviolet aerial archaeology. Journal of Archaeological Science 37: 833–45.
Wilson, D. R. (ed.) 2000. Air photo interpretation for archaeologists. London: Batsford.
Winterbottom, S. J. & Dawson, T.. 2005. Airborne multi-spectral prospection for buried archaeology in mobile sand dominated systems. Archaeological Prospection 12: 205–19.
Xie, Y., Sha, Z. & Yu, M.. 2008. Remote sensing imagery in vegetation mapping: a review. Journal of Plant Ecology 1: 923.

Keywords

Airborne spectral imagery for archaeological prospection in grassland environments—an evaluation of performance

  • Rebecca Bennett (a1), Kate Welham (a2), Ross A. Hill (a2) and Andrew Ford (a2)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.