Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Rethinking Romano-British *Corinium

  • Richard Coates (a1)

Abstract

It is suggested that the name generally accepted as the Romano-British name of Cirencester, *Corinium, the traditional spelling deriving from a Latin rendering of that in Ptolemy's Geography, is mistaken, and that for philologically sound reasons the authentic name is more likely to have been Cironium, as recorded in the Ravenna Cosmography.

Il est suggéré que le nom généralement accepté comme étant le nom romano-britannique de Cirencester, *Corinium, orthographe traditionnelle dérivée d'une version latine de la Géographie de Ptolémée, est une erreur, et que, pour de bonnes raisons philologiques, le nom authentique serait plutôt Cironium, comme l'indique la Cosmographie de Ravenne.

Es wird darauf hingewiesen, dass der im Allgemeinen für Cirencester akzeptierte römisch-britische Name, *Corinium, dessen traditionelle Schreibung von der lateinischen Form in der Handbuch der Geographie des Ptolemaios abgeleitet ist, falsch ist, und dass der authentische Name, philologisch begründet, wahrscheinlich viel eher Cironium lautete, wie dies auch beim Geographen von Ravenna festgelegt ist.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Breeze, A 2002. ‘Does Corieltavi mean “army of many rivers”?’, Antiq J, 82, 307309
Breeze, A 2010. ‘Gildas and the schools of Cirencester’, Antiq J, 90, 131138
Camden, W 1590. Britannia, London: Eliots Court Press
Campbell, A 1959. Old English Grammar, Oxford: Clarendon Press
Coates, R 1998. ‘A new explanation of the name of London’, Trans Philol Soc, 96 (2), 203229
Coates, R 2000. Spinis – a thorny problem’, in Celtic Voices, English Places (eds R Coates and A Breeze), 4043, Stamford: Shaun Tyas
Coates, R 2012. ‘The “Corieltau(v)i”’, Studia Celtica, 46, 188194
Coates, R forthcoming. ‘The name of the Hwicce: a discussion’, Anglo-Saxon Engl
Diller, A 1940. ‘The oldest manuscripts of Ptolemaic maps’, Trans Proc American Philol Assoc, 71, 6267
Ekwall, E 1924. ‘The Celtic element’, in The Survey of English Place-Names. Part I (eds A Mawer and F M Stenton), 1535, Cambridge University Press
Ekwall, E 1928. English River-names, Oxford: Clarendon Press
Ekwall, E 1937. ‘24. Cirencester Gl[oucestershire]’, in Etymological Notes on English Place-names (ed E Ekwall), 3738, Lund: C W K Gleerup
Ekwall, E 1960. Concise Dictionary of English Place-names, 4th edn, Oxford: Clarendon Press
Engels, J 2011. Review of Klaudios Ptolemaios: Handbuch der Geographie [etc.], Aestimatio, 8, 101109
Esmonde Cleary, A, Warner, R, Talbert, R, Elliott, TGillies, S nd. ‘Places: 79549 (Korinion/Cironium)’, 〈http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/79549〉 (accessed 9 March 2013)
Evans, G 1974. Land of My Fathers: 2,000 years of Welsh history, Swansea: John Penry
Gelling, M 1997. Signposts to the Past, 3rd edn, Chichester: Phillimore
George, K 1993. ‘Cornish’, in The Celtic Languages (ed M J Ball), 410468, London: Routledge
Hassall, M W CTomlin, R S O 1993. ‘Thorpe in the Glebe: lead sealing’, Britannia, 14, 318
Hogg, R M 1992. A Grammar of Old English. Vol I: Phonology, Oxford: Blackwell
Jackson, K H 1938. ‘Nennius and the twenty-eight cities of Britain’, Antiquity, 12, 4455
Jackson, K H 1953. Language and History in Early Britain, Edinburgh University Press
Jackson, K H 1970. ‘Romano-British names in the Antonine itinerary’, Britannia, 1, 6882
Lhuyd, E 1707. Archaeologia Britannica, Oxford
McClure, E 1910. British Place-names in their Historical Setting, London: Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge
Mittenhuber, F 2010. ‘The tradition of texts and maps in Ptolemy's Geography, in Ptolemy in Perspective (ed A Jones), 95119, Archimedes 23, Dordrecht: Springer
Morgan, R 2001. A Study of Montgomeryshire Place-names, Llanrwst: Gwasg Carreg Gwalch
Morris, J 1980. British History and the Welsh Annals, Arthurian Period Sources 8, Chichester: Phillimore
O'Rahilly, T F 1946a. Early Irish History and Mythology, Dublin: Institute for Advanced Studies
O'Rahilly, T F 1946b. ‘On the origin of the names Érainn and Ériu, Ériu, 14, 728
Padel, O J 1975. The Cornish Writings of the Boson Family. Nicholas, Thomas and John Boson, of Newlyn, c 1660 to 1730, Redruth: Institute of Cornish Studies
Parsons, D N 2000. ‘Classifying Ptolemy's English place names’, in Ptolemy: towards a linguistic atlas of the earliest Celtic place names of Europe (eds D N Parsons and P Sims-Williams), 169178, Aberystwyth: Cambrian Medieval Celtic Studies
Richmond, I ACrawford, O G S 1949. ‘The British section of the Ravenna Cosmography’, Archaeologia, 93, 150
Rivet, A L FJackson, K H 1970. ‘The British section of the Antonine Itinerary’, Britannia, 1, 3482
Rivet, A L FSmith, C 1979. The Place-names of Roman Britain, London: Batsford
Schnetz, J 1942. Itineraria romana. Vol II: Ravennatis anonymi cosmographia et Guidonis geographica, Stuttgart: B G Teubner
Schrijver, P 1995. Studies in British Celtic Historical Phonology, Amsterdam and Atlanta, Ga: Rodopi
Sims-Williams, P 2003. The Celtic Inscriptions of Britain: phonology and chronology c 400–1200, Philological Society 37, Oxford: Blackwell
Sims-Williams, P 2006. Ancient Celtic Place-names in Europe and Asia Minor, Philological Society 39, Oxford: Blackwell
Sims-Williams, P 2007. Studies on Celtic Languages Before the Year 1000, Aberystwyth: Cambrian Medieval Celtic Studies
Smith, A H 1964–5. The Place-names of Gloucestershire. Parts 1–4, Survey of English Place-Names 3841, Cambridge University Press
Stevenson, W H 1904. Asser's Life of King Alfred, Oxford: Clarendon Press
Stevenson, W H 1920. ‘Note on the derivation of the name Cirencester’, Archaeologia, 69, 200202
Talbert, R J A 2000. The Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World, Princeton University Press
Thomas, R J 1938. Enwau afonydd a nentydd Cymru, Cardiff: University of Wales Press
Thomas, R J (ed) 1950–2002. Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru, Cardiff: University of Wales Press
Tomlin, R S O 1983. ‘Non Coritani sed Corieltauvi’, Antiq J, 63, 353355
Wacher, J 1995. The Towns of Roman Britain, 2nd edn, London: Routledge
Wakelin, M 1986. The Southwest of England, Varieties of English around the World T5, Amsterdam: John Benjamins
Watts, V 2004. Cambridge Dictionary of English Place-names, Cambridge University Press

Rethinking Romano-British *Corinium

  • Richard Coates (a1)

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed