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A Cistercian Ware Kiln of the Early Sixteenth Century at Potterton, Yorkshire

  • P. Mayes, Elizabeth J. E. Pirie and H. E. Jean Le Patourel

Summary

This report covers the excavation of a pottery kiln producing fine Cistercian wares at a date close to 1500. The coal-fired kiln has six flues. The pottery was fired in large, coarsely made saggars and was remarkable for the wide colour range exhibited. The kiln was situated in the front garden of Potterton Grange Farm and this meant that the area available for investigation was limited.

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page 255 note 1 Dr.Pocock, , ‘Journey from England into Ireland’, Camden Society, new series, no.42, i (1750), 61.

page 256 note 1 Wills, Registers, and Monumental Inscriptions of the Parish of Barwick-in-Elmet, ed. Lumb, G. D., privately printed, Leeds, 1908, p. 25.

page 256 note 2 Ibid., pp. 23 and 24.

page 256 note 3 Ibid., p. 40.

page 256 note 4 Patent Roll, 15 Elizabeth, mm. 14–27.

page 256 note 5 Colman, F. S., ‘A History of the Parish of Barwick-in-Elmet’, Thoresby Society, xvii (1908), 128.

page 256 note 6 Hunter, J, ‘Diary of Ralph Thoresby 1677–1724’, Thoresby Society, vol. i; Henry Colburn and Richard Bently 1830, p. 250.

page 256 note 7 Thanks are due to the farmer, Mr. Healey, for permission to excavate and to his wife for her many kindnesses. Work on site was done by Extra Mural students in Archaeology, the University of Leeds, at weekends during the spring and early summer of 1963. The pottery was drawn by R. D. Rowe.

page 257 note 1 From the Geological Survey of England and Wales (3rd edition), Sheet 70 round Map Reference 403 387. Scale 1 inch to 1 mile; and Wray, D. A. ‘The Pennines and adjacent Areas’, British Regional Geology, 2nd edition, H.M.S.O., 1948.

page 258 note 1 Mayes, P. ‘A Late Medieval Kiln at Holme on Spalding Moor’ in Hull Museum Publications, no. 216 (forthcoming).

page 258 note 2 Excavated 1963. Report forthcoming.

page 258 note 3 Both excavated 1964. Reports forthcoming.

page 258 note 4 Excavated 1964. Information from P. Brears.

page 258 note 5 Bemrose, G. J. V. in Trans. North Staffs. Field Club (19561957), xci, 85 and 86.

page 258 note 6 Information from Mrs. E. H. Rudkin.

page 260 note 1 Hunter, op. cit., p. 356.

page 262 note 1 Proc. Soc. Ant. xv (1893), 59.

page 262 note 2 Thoresby Soc. xlix (19621964), 116–19 and figs. 38 and 39.

page 262 note 1 The waster heaps found by Mr. K. J. Woodrow at Silcoates school were identified as Wrenthorpe in the Pontefract report. They are now distinguished as ‘Silcoates’ to differentiate them from the wasters of later date subsequently found in Wrenthorpe village.

page 262 note 4 Thoresby Soc. xlix (19621964), fig. 38, iii b.

page 263 note 1 Arch. Journ. cxvi (1961), 98 fig. 26.

page 263 note 2 Leeds Museum Reports, forthcoming. A complete vessel of this type is illustrated in Hobson, R. L., Catalogue of English Pottery in the British Museum (1903), 92.

page 264 note 1 Now in the British Museum.

page 264 note 2 Information from B. J. N. Edwards.

page 264 note 3 Excavated by Miss A. G. Parke from the moat round Ordsall Hall.

page 264 note 4 Steane, J. M. and Kelsall, A. F., Trans. Hist. Soc. Lancs. and Cheshire, cxiv (1962), 86. The sherd of Cistercian ware, type 4 with spotted cream decoration, was not illustrated.

page 267 note 1 Solon, L. M., The Art of the Old English Potter (1885), p. 57, fig. 15.

page 267 note 2 Morgan, F. C., Herefordshire Potteries (Woolhope Naturalists' Field Club, 1957).

page 269 note 1 Proc. Soc. Ant. Scot. lxxxvii (19521953), pl. 24, no. 2.

page 269 note 2 Post-Medieval Ceramic Research Group, Broadsheet no. 3 (1965), 1820.

page 276 note 1 Aitken, M. J., Weaver, G. H., Archaeometry, v (1962), 422.

page 276 note 2 Aitken, M. J., Hawley, H. N., Weaver, G. H., Archaeometry, vi (1963), 7680; J. G. Hurst, ibid. 81–82.

A Cistercian Ware Kiln of the Early Sixteenth Century at Potterton, Yorkshire

  • P. Mayes, Elizabeth J. E. Pirie and H. E. Jean Le Patourel

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