Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

A Holocene palaeoenviromental study of a sediment core from Ile de la Possession, Iles Crozet, sub-Antarctica

  • Marijke Ooms (a1), Bart van de Vijver (a2), Stijn Temmerman (a1) and Louis Beyens (a1)

Abstract

Ile de la Possession is one of the few islands in the southern Indian Ocean, making the island a valuable place to reconstruct past environmental and climatic changes. In this study a peat sediment core was analysed to reconstruct the changes that occurred before, during and after the eruption of the Morne Rouge (10 000–5500 14C yr bp) volcano. In addition to sedimentological analyses, diatom communities were used to reconstruct humidity and altitude, based on existing transfer functions. Radiocarbon dating of a tephra layer showed that the Morne Rouge volcano erupted between 6700–6600 cal. yr bp, giving a much more precise time scale for this event. The eruption was preceded by a tsunami flooding, indicated by the high numbers of marine diatoms found immediately before the tephra layer. After the eruption pioneer diatom species recolonized the coring site. Evidence is presented of the late climatic optimum around 3050 cal. yr bp, preceded by a cooling event until 6600 cal. yr bp. Nutrient input from elephant seals and wandering albatrosses obscured the climate signal for the last 600 cal yr bp.

Copyright

Corresponding author

References

Hide All
Bellair-Roche, N. 1972. Palynological study of a peat bog in Vallée des Branloires, Ile de la Possession. In Adie, R.J., ed. Antarctic geology and geophysics. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget, 831834.
Bellair-Roche, N. 1976a. L'holocène de l'anse Betsy (Ile Kerguelen). Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences de Paris, série D, 282, 13471349.
Bellair-Roche, N. 1976b. Les variations climatiques de l'holocène supérieur des îles Kerguelen: d'après la coupe d'une tourbière de la plainte de Dante (côte méridionale). Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences de Paris, série D, 282, 12571260.
Bellair-Roche, N. Delibrias, G. 1967. Variations climatiques durant le dernier millénaire aux ïles Kerguelen. Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences de Paris, série D, 264, 20852088.
Bentley, M.J., Hodgson, D.A., Smith, J.A., Ó Cofaigh, C., Domack, E.W., Larter, R.D., Roberts, S.J., Brachfeld, S., Leventer, A., Hjort, C., Hillenbrand, C.-D. Evans, J. 2009. Mechanisms of Holocene palaeoenvironmental change in the Antarctic Peninsula region. The Holocene, 19, 5169.
Beyens, L. Denys, L. 1982. Problems in diatom analysis of deposits - Allochtonous valves and fragmentation. Geologie en Mijnbouw, 61, 159162.
Boersma, P.D. 2008. Penguins as marine sentinels. Bioscience, 58, 597607.
Bronk-Ramsey, C. 2009. Bayesian analysis of radiocarbon dates. Radiocarbon, 51, 337360.
Crosta, X., Romero, O., Armand, L.K. Pichon, J.J. 2005. The biogeography of major diatom taxa in Southern Ocean sediments: 2. Open ocean related species. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 223, 6692.
Egorov, Y. 2007. Tsunami wave generation by the eruption of underwater volcano. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, 7, 6569.
Frenot, Y. 1986. Interactions entre la faune lombricienne et les systèmes édaphiques d'une île subantarctique:Ile de la Possession, Archipel Crozet. PhD thesis, Université de Rennes, 358 pp. [Unpublished].
Frenot, Y., Gloaguen, J.C., Masse, L. Lebouvier, M. 2001. Human activities, ecosystem disturbance and plant invasions in subantarctic Crozet, Kerguelen and Amsterdam islands. Biological Conservation, 101, 3350.
Frenot, Y., Gloaguen, J.C., van De Vijver, B. Beyens, L. 1997. Datation de quelques sédiments tourbeux holocènes et oscillations glaciaires aux îles Kerguelen. Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences de Paris, 320, 567573.
Giret, A., Weis, D., Zhou, X., Cottin, J.Y. Tourpin, S. 2003. Géologie des îles Crozet. Géologues, 137, 1523.
Gremmen, N.J.M., van De Vijver, B., Frenot, Y. Lebouvier, M. 2007. Distribution of moss-inhabiting diatoms along an altitudinal gradient at sub-Antarctic Iles Kerguelen. Antarctic Science, 19, 1724.
Hodgson, D.A. Convey, P. 2005. A 7000-year record of Oribatid mite communities on a maritime-Antarctic island: responses to climate change. Arctic, Antarctic and Alpine Research, 37, 239245.
Hodgson, D.A. Sime, L.C. 2010. Southern westerlies and CO2. Nature Geoscience, 3, 666667.
Hodgson, D.A., Doran, P.T., Roberts, D. McMinn, A. 2004. Paleolimnological studies from the Antarctic and sub-Antarctic islands. In Pienitz, R., Douglas, M.S.V. & Smol, J.P., eds. Long-term environmental change in Acrtic and Antarctic lakes. Dordrecht: Kluwer, 419474.
Ingólfsson, Ó., Hjort, C., Berkman, P.A., Svante, B., Colhoun, E., Goodwin, I.D., Hall, B., Hirakawa, K., Melles, M., Möller, P. Prentice, M.L. 1998. Antarctic glacial history since the Last Glacial Maximum: an overview of the record on land. Antarctic Science, 10, 326344.
Jones, V.J., Hodgson, D.A. Chepstow-Lusty, A. 2000. Palaeolimnological evidence for marked Holocene environmental changes on Signy Island, Antarctica. Holocene, 10, 4360.
Jongman, R.H.G., Ter Braak, C.J.F. van Tongeren, O.F.R. 1995. Data analysis in community and landscape ecology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 299 pp.
Jung, W. 1936. Thecamöben unsprünglicher lebender deutscher Hochmoore. Abhandlungen Landesmus Naturkunde Muester Westfalen, 7, 187.
Krammer, K. 2000. Diatoms of Europe. Diatoms of the European inland waters and comparable habitats. Vol. 1. The genus Pinnularia. Ruggell: Gantner, 703 pp.
Larson, D.D. 1974. Paleoecological investigations of diatoms in a core from Kerguelen Islands, Southeast Indian Ocean. Ohio, OH: Ohio Statue University, Institute of Polar Studies, Report no. 50, 70 pp.
Last, W.M. Smol, J.P. 2001. Tracking environmental change using lake sediments. Volume 2: Physical and geochemical methods. Dordrecht: Kluwer, 528 pp.
McCormac, F.G., Hogg, A.G., Blackwell, P.G., Buck, C.E., Higham, T.F.G. Reimer, P.J. 2004. SHCal04 Southern Hemisphere Calibration 0–11.0 cal. kyr bp. Radiocarbon, 46, 10871092.
McGlone, M.S., Turney, C.S.M., Wilmshurst, J.M., Renwick, J. Pahnke, K. 2010. Divergent trends in land and ocean temperature in the Southern Ocean over the past 18,000 years. Nature Geoscience, 10.1038/NGEO931.
Medlin, L.K. Priddle, J. 1990. Polar marine diatoms. Cambridge: British Antarctic Survey, 214 pp.
Meisterfeld, R. 1977. Horizontal and vertical distribution of Testacea (Rhizopoda–Testacea) in Sphagnum. Archiv Fur Hydrobiologie, 79, 319356.
Moravcová, A., Beyens, L. van de Vijver, B. 2009. Diatom communities in soils influenced by the wandering albatross (Diomedea exulans). Polar Biology, 33, 241255.
Nielsen, S.H.H., Koç, N. Crosta, X. 2004. Holocene climate in the Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean: controlled by insolation or ocean circulation? Geology, 32, 317320.
Pahnke, K. Sachs, J.P. 2006. Sea surface temperatures of southern midlatitudes 0–160 kyr bp. Paleoceanography, 21, 10.1029/2005pa001191.
R Development Core Team 2009. R: a language and environment for statistical computing. Vienna: R Foundation for Statistical Computing, http://www.R-project.org.
Stockmarr, J. 1971. Tablets with spores used in absolute pollen analysis. Pollen Spores, 13, 615621.
Stoermer, E.F. Smol, J.P. 1999. The diatoms: applications for the environmental and earth sciences. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 469 pp.
Stott, L.D., Timmermann, A. Thunell, R. 2007. Southern Hemisphere and deep-sea warming led deglacial atmospheric CO. Science, 318, 435438.
Ter Braak, C.J.F. Šmilauer, P. 1998. CANOCO reference manual and user's guide to Canoco for Windows: software for Canonical Community Ordination (ver. 4). Ithaca, NY: Microcomputer Power, 352 pp.
Van de Vijver, B. 1999. A Protistologival approach of the ecology and palaeo-ecology of the Subantarctic and Maritime Antarctic Region. PhD thesis, University of Antwerp, 278 pp.
Van de Vijver, B. Beyens, L. 1999. Moss diatom communities from Ile de la Possession (Crozet, Subantarctica) and their relationship with moisture. Polar Biology, 22, 219231.
Van de Vijver, B., Frenot, Y. Beyens, L. 2002. Freshwater diatoms from Ile de la Possession (Crozet Archipelago, Subantarctica). Berlin: J. Cramer, 412 pp.
Van de Vijver, B., Ledeganck, P. Beyens, L. 2001. Habitat preferences in freshwater diatom communities from sub-Antarctic Iles Kerguelen. Antarctic Science, 13, 2836.
Van der Putten, N., Stieperaere, H., Verbruggen, C. Ochyra, R. 2004. Holocene palaeoecology and climate history of South Georgia (sub-Antarctica) based on a macrofossil record of bryophytes and seeds. Holocene, 14, 382392.
Van Der Putten, N., Hebrard, J.P., Verbruggen, C., van De Vijver, B., Disnar, J.R., Spassov, S., De Beaulieu, J.L., De Dapper, M., Keravis, D., Hus, J., Thouveny, N. Frenot, Y. 2008. An integrated palaeoenvironmental investigation of a 6200 year old peat sequence from Ile de la Possession, Iles Crozet, sub-Antarctica. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 270, 179195.
Van der Werff, A. 1955. A new method of concentrating and cleaning diatoms and other organisms. Verhandlungen der Internationalen Vereinigung für Theoretische und Angewandte Limnologie, 12, 276277.
Verleyen, E., Hodgson, D.A., Milne, G.A., Sabbe, K. Vyverman, W. 2005. Relative sea-level history from the Lambert Glacier region, East Antarctica, and its relation to deglaciation and Holocene glacier readvance. Quaternary Research, 63, 4552.
Verleyen, E., Hodgson, D.A., Sabbe, K., Cremer, H., Emslie, S.D., Gibson, J., Hall, B., Imura, S., Kudoh, S., Marshall, G.J., Mcminn, A., Melles, M., Newman, L., Roberts, D., Roberts, S.J., Singh, S.M., Sterken, M., Tavernier, I., Verkulich, S., van De Vyver, E., van Nieuwenhuyze, W., Vyverman, W. Wagner, B. 2010. Post-glacial regional climate variability along the East Antarctic coastal margin-evidence from shallow marine and coastal terrestrial records. Earth Science Reviews, 10.1016/j.earscirev.2010.10.006.
Vincke, S. 2006. Diversity and ecology of the testate amoebae fauna of Ile de la Possession (Crozet Archipelago, sub-Antarctica). PhD thesis, University of Antwerp, 260 pp. [Unpublished].
Young, S.B. Schofield, E.K. 1973. Pollen evidence for Late Quaternary climate changes on Kerguelen Islands. Nature, 245, 311312.

Keywords

A Holocene palaeoenviromental study of a sediment core from Ile de la Possession, Iles Crozet, sub-Antarctica

  • Marijke Ooms (a1), Bart van de Vijver (a2), Stijn Temmerman (a1) and Louis Beyens (a1)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed